• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Identify the problems that 2 African countries have faced since Independence. To what extent can these problems be fully attributed to Colonization?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

African History- Problems after Independence Identify the problems that 2 African countries have faced since Independence. To what extent can these problems be fully attributed to Colonization? As the population of white settlers increased in Africa due to colonization, the problems faced by the native Africans increased. Problems such as tribal disputes within borders created by the European colonialists, immense poverty among Africans, and neglected European promises thrived in all African countries. To the Africans it seemed that independence was the only way out of such crises and so after almost 40 years of colonial rule, war against colonization broke out as an attempt to construct a better Africa. By the 1970s independence was gained and liberated Africans had begun to make their own decisions, but it seemed that Africa had gone from bad to worse. Poverty, starvation, diseases, corruption and civil wars broke out over Africa, darkening an already 'dark continent.' Although the colonialists can be held responsible for causing many of these problems, not all problems are a result of colonized Africa and many can be linked to the decisions made by the Africans themselves. ...read more.

Middle

The division remains till today along with unemployment, poverty, high taxes, starvation, and a country that looks like its routed straight for anarchy. The fact that the Belgian colonists left Zaire without struggle did prove to be a slight advantage to both as neither had to suffer at the time. However the Zairians having had no experience of ruling a country due to the Belgian direct rule policies, thus the country suffered a great deal due to disorganization. The civil wars played a major part in Zaire's struggle as well. These were mainly aroused due to more than 200 different ethnic groups being confined to the European laid borders3. Although Mobuto coming into power can be blamed onto the Zairians themselves, a fundamental part of his victory depended on the support of foreign countries, such as the U.S, Belgium, France and Morocco, all of who provided ample support especially during the Cold War. The support kept the Zairians from overthrowing Mobuto and also kept Mobuto from ceasing the abuse he laid upon the Zairians. Uganda has also faced many problems after independence. After independence in 1962 from the British colonialists, Uganda seemed like it would be one of the more successful independent African countries. ...read more.

Conclusion

It could be debated that most countries in Africa suffered to obtain democratic governments because colonization had caused them to be politically ignorant as well as inexperienced. However Uganda's political instability seems to have been caused because of its incapable leaders. The HIV/AIDS epidemic cannot be classified as a result of colonization because it originated after the country was liberated from its colonialists. Thus concluding that a greater part of Uganda's downfall was due to the country itself rather than its colonized past. In conclusion, although many of the problems that African countries have faced can be related to colonization either fully or partially, many problems have been caused by the decisions made by the Africans and their leaders. One of the problems faced throughout Africa after independence was political instability. The fact that this was an issue in all colonized countries could be an argument against colonialism, however as we saw in Uganda, political problems could also have cropped up due to the leaders themselves. All in all it wouldn't be a fair judgment to hold colonialists responsible for all the problems faced in Africa, as if that were the case, more than a few decades should have been enough to resolve those problems... ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. To what extent was Northumberland more successful in solving mid Tudor political problems than ...

    It could be argued, therefore, that it was foolish of Northumberland to continue selling Crown land. Although effective in the short term, the sale of these lands lead to a reduction in the crown's annual income, potentially worsening the economic situation in future years.

  2. To what extent was there a 'post war consensus' between 1945-1970.

    If we were to look solely at the end of the war in 1945 and compare the Manifestos of the two parties it is without a doubt that there was a consensus. The two parties would have pursued an almost identical course regardless of who had been elected.

  1. To what extent can the failure of the Fascist Movement to challenge the existing ...

    for example, the basic division existing in the leadership of the BUF. Mosley only attempted to deal with this when the lack of funding forced him to make cuts, illustrating his inefficiency. In the party there were those who favoured a 'military' approach which they believed should consist of order, discipline and marches to demonstrate power.

  2. The Life and Times of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah The Road to Ghana's Colonial Independence

    In his book, Neo Colonialism: The Last Stage of Imperealism Osagyefo presented the notion of Neo-Colonailism, the situation where the pattern of relationships between former metropolitan Power and its former colony remained unchanged even after the attainment of Independence, basically Colonialism without accountablity.

  1. The causes and the political and social consequences of the Dreyfus Affair in France

    If the Affair was effectively born from a republican crisis, Anti-Semitism already very firmly fixed in the French public mind by Drumont's articles, burst out during and after the Affair and it is terrible to record of a possible link between the Dreyfus affair and the destruction of the Jews in Europe (the Holocaust).

  2. Zimbabwe is one country in which even after independence, the situation has not changed.

    After ten years, when he was released, he led the Chinese-funded military wing of the ZANU. This party gave tough resistance to the Ian Smith-led white government. Ian Smith's government was an elected interim government as the British were preparing to grant Rhodesia its independence.

  1. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    Religious Identity and Bangladesh State: Secularism was one of the four pillars of the first Constitution that was drafted in post independent Bangladesh. This principle was constructed largely in response to the use of Islam as an ideology of domination by the Pakistani state vis a vis the Bengali population.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    There have been claims that not everything is bad about corruption. Its effects can be positive too. Corruption, among other things, assists in capital formation; fosters entrepreneurial abilities, allows business interest to penetrate bureaucracy and permits the logic of market to insinuate itself into transactions from which public controls exclude it (Theobald, 1990).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work