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Indian independence - source based work with the sources.

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Introduction

Indian independence---- coursework SOURCES: Source A: from an interview given by M.K. Gandhi in 1942 to a US writer. This was published in a biography of Gandhi in 1954: The 'Quit India' campaign has arisen because Indians realise that if India is to fight for democracy against Germany, Italy and Japan, she must have the prospect of freedom herself. How can we fight for democracy when we have not got it ourselves? I do not want Japan to win I do not want the Axis to win, But I am sure that Britain cannot win unless the Indian people become free _____________________________________________________________________ Source B: From the autobiography of Jawaharlal Nehru, published in 1962. The idea of a great country like India being treated as a mere possession and he people utterly and contemptuously ignored was bitterly resented. One man, the Viceroy, and he a foreigner, could plunge four hundred millions of human beings into a war without the slightest reference to them. There was something fundamentally wrong in a system under which the fate of millions could be decided in this way. _____________________________________________________________________ Source C: a statement made by Muhammad Ali Jinnah in the 1940s There are only two links between Muslims and Hindus: British rule - and the common desire to get rid of it. _____________________________________________________________________ Source D: from the memoirs of Stafford Cripps, who was a member of the Labour government from 1945 to 1950: After 1945 we were demobilising the British armed forces as rapidly as possible, and that meant that the number of British troops, which could be left in India and the East, was being diminished. ...read more.

Middle

Source E is also very useful as it is an eyewitness account of Direct Action Day by a Briton who presumably is not biased. It tells us that the situation in India was well out of the control of the British and the situation was deteriorating by the minute. If from one protest and one place people from one religion can kill people from another, you could imagine what would happen all over India if Britain did not do anything. Source E shows communal violence was escalating. 'You could see a crop of one religion or another' 'being laid on their faces' ' and being beheaded into the river' ' the river was literally choked with dead bodies'. The British knew they had to give India independence but the question that was delaying this was how to give independence. _____________________________________________________________________ Study sources F and G Use sources F and G, and your own knowledge, to help you explain why India was partitioned in 1947. India was partitioned in 1947 as a last alternative. After years of talks and the failure of the Cripps mission it was quite obvious that there was no way you could get the Muslims and Hindus to live to together peacefully. The two people had nothing in common but their nationality. There religion, language, writing and the way of living life was different. For e.g. the slaughtering of cows by Muslims was offensive to Hindus who consider the cow a sacred animal. Hindu revivalists rallied for a ban on the slaughter of cows, a cheap source of meat for Muslims. ...read more.

Conclusion

Muhammad Ali Jinnah made the statement (source C) in 1940, the year he demanded the creation of Pakistan and the time when he had the support of the British. He was making the point that Hindus and Muslims and their aims were fundamentally different except for one thing 'British rule-and the common desire to get rid of it'. To him Muslims were a completely different race who were only helping the Hindus to be free of British rule so that they could get what Jinnah, their leader, was aiming for. Source A, an interview given by M.K.Gandhi in 1942, the year when he got locked up and Japan had reached Burma. He is using moral arguments to tell he's people not to help the British. He is in particular trying to remind the people who are helping the British, army in particular, that they are fighting for freedom when they themselves are like captives in their own land. 'How can we fight for democracy when we have not got it ourselves?' Source B, from the autobiography of Jawaharlal Nehru. He probably wrote it in 1939, the year WW2 started because he is referring to how Indians are sent to war without a slightest reference to them. He is saying that how could a foreigner put the lives of four hundred million Indians in danger as fast as blinking an eye. ' The idea of a great country like India being treated as a mere possession'. In the end the evidence of all the sources come down to one point, which is British rule and what could be gained from freedom. Mohammed Shuaib 10i ...read more.

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