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Indian Indpendence.

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Introduction

INDIAN INDEPENDENCE 1) During the Second World War (1939-45), India supported the Allied Forces with both money and military. The part India played was very important as the support had a large impact on the result of the war. Without India, the Allied would have lost to the Axis. Before the partition in 1947, India was a colony under British rule. India had an army of over two million in 1945. A lot of the soldiers served the allies. 700,000 (three-quarters of the Indian's military) of them joined the 14th Army in Burma. They served in the North Africa campaigns against the Germans. Other armies fought battles in Eritrea, the Middle East and the Far East. On the sea, as much as 30,000 joined the Royal Indian Navy with many other sea merchants transporting and supplying goods to other allies. The Royal Indian Air Force also recruited 55,000 Indians while thousands of Indian women gave their services and took part in WRINS (Women's Royal Indian Naval Service) , WACS (Women's Auxiliary Corps: Indian) or as nurses and weaponry workers. Financially, India supported Britain with over GBP1550m. Furthermore, the millions that worked at factories produced goods that worth uncountable amounts of money. From government reports, we know that India supported the Allied Forces significantly. In reality, India did not participate as a whole. Two main groups of people reacted differently to the war. ...read more.

Middle

The Indians showed how loyal and brave they are in the battles between the French. Gandhi held peaceful strikes and allowed his members and himself to be arrested by the police forces. In 1919, General Dyer, a British army commander arrived Amritsar and banned all meetings. A group of Sikhs however, gathered for a festival in the Jallian Bagh, an open square. General Dyer then blocked all the exits of the square and ordered his troops to fire without any kind of warning. 371 were killed and over a thousand people were wounded. After the incident, more Indians believe that the British could not be trusted and joined Gandhi and the Congress, demanding independence. When the Second World War broke out, the Congress Party refused to aid the British since nothing was rewarded when India contributed so much in the First World War. British declared war on India's behalf without getting any consulting from the people. Many leaders held disobedience campaigns and were imprisoned. The other major party was the Muslim league. It was founded in 1906 with most of its members being Muslims that were uncomfortable with Hindu domination over the country. Many of the Muslim league members were also members of the Congress. Both parties combined in 1916 to attempt demanding independence but after 1927, the parties started to divide. ...read more.

Conclusion

The war has put India into a terrible state where men were wounded with a lot of the country's capital wasted on military. The country would take a lot of time to recover and dividing it into two states could speed up the recovery rate. Another long term reason is that the difference between Muslims and Hindus became so great that the two groups of people acted like two races and could not live together. Jinnah, the leader of the Muslims also insisted a separate Muslim state. Hindus has a higher population then Muslims and if they live in the same country, Muslims would always lose to votes. Jinnah has also stated and ordered an independent Pakistan that changing the option would disappoint millions of Muslims, which could lead to many other violent conflicts. Even Gandhi, the man with the original belief of one independent India gave up the thought after looking at the different religions. This diminished the final hopes of one united and independent India. The partition of India in 1947 was inevitable. The key members and leaders involved in the incident could not do anything else to stop the division. Partition was after all a better solution over a united independent India with a lot of violence and fights happening everyday in the country. Dividing India into two might have caused problems, but has also prevented thousands of innocent deaths. Wallace Tang 11N 5th November, 2005 GCSE History India Coursework ...read more.

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