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Japanese Political Timeline (1919).

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Introduction

I. Japanese Political Timeline (1919) . 1918-1921 Hara Government (Party Government) 1919 Treaty of Versailles Japanese was granted the possession of ex German colony of Mariana Islands, Marshall Islands, Caroline Islands and Shantung Peninsula (China) 1921-1922 Takahashi Government 1921 Hirohito becomes Regent 1922 The Washington Naval Conference Limits the number of Japanese navy 1924-1926 Kato Government 1925 Peace Preservation Law Heavy punishment for those who tried to change the current Japanese order. Especially aimed at the Communists in Japan 1926-1927 Wakatsuki Government 1927-1929 Tanaka Government 1929 Great Depression The depression hit Japan, stopping the economic expansion. Growing military strength. 1929-1931 Hamaguchi Government The economic crisis deepens, increasing interest in Manchuria. 1930s The 'Dark Valley' Period The army overpowers the government, leading to the rise of Militarism 1931 Wakatsuki Government 1931-1932 Inukai Government 1931-1932 Manchurian Incident This illegal incident of Kwantung army embarrassed the government. The army was independently acting and was out of the government's control. 1932 Establishment of Manchukuo Japanese conquered Manchuria from China. Puppet state Manchukuo was established. Increasing international suspicion towards Japan. 1932-1934 Saito Government 1933 Japan resigned from League of Nations 1933 Truce of Tanku (with China) 1934-1936 Okada Government 1936-1937 Koki Government 1936 Japan sign a Anti-Comintern Pact The pact was signed with the Italians and the Germans. ...read more.

Middle

To begin the war-but not to be blamed for it-Japanese started the Manchurian Incident. On 18 September 1931, The South Manchurian Railway blowed up, The Japanese were blaming the local Chinese to have started it, although the evidence of who had done it were that of Japans. This was used as an excuse for the Kwantung Army to start invading Manchuria. "I believe that international justice and good faith are important, and I am striving to preserve world peace. [The Japanese invasion of Manchuria] causes me no end of anguish. This could result in intervention by the major powers and the destruction of our nation and people... When I think of all these problems I cannot sleep."2 -- Emperor Hirohito, regarding the Manchurian incident "The army's interference in domestic and foreign politics is a state of affairs of which... we must view with apprehension." -- Emperor Hirohito, regarding the army's involvement with Manchurian Inccident Lead up to Sino-Japanese War II b. Changes in Economy The Economic Expansion The Japanese economic expansion was a continuing development from the modernization previously achieved in the Meiji Restoration. The economy establishes and was soon rapidly growing, and the rulers adopted the slogan, "Rich Country, Strong Army". ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, the Germans had the secret police Gestapo who ensure the obedience by terror. And for these reasons, the people had accepted the militaristic government. As one thing leads to another, a controlled economy is also a crucial part. A stable economy provides the capability to build and upkeep the army, to be commercially productive, and most of all, to keep the population content. Also, a centrally controlled economy gave the government the advantage to concentrate their resources on the military productions and or projects. Both Japanese and Germany had their previous government-which were badly affected by the 1929's Great Depression-ready to blame. Hitler had the Jews as the scapegoat for the problems experienced in the post-WWI. Last, but not the least of the totalitarian-state feature is control of the mass communications. Mass media communications ranged from newspaper, books, magazines publications, radio broadcasts. The sources of information were censored to favour the government (or the ruling-party Nazi in Germany). The impact was that it directs the citizens of both empires to believe and support the acts of the government. A leader, an ideology, an army, the economy, the scapegoats and the communications, each had been taken to extreme and became the features in the creation and the existence of a Totalitarian state. VI. ...read more.

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