• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Liberal Italy was doomed to failure because of its lack of courage and incompetent actions between 1918-20

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Emily Richards Liberal Italy was doomed to failure because of its lack of courage and incompetent actions between 1918-20 I believe that this statement is correct, liberal Italy was doomed to failure. The government carried out a string of mistakes and mishandled many problems which will explain why this I so and I will cover them all in this essay. Due to the war Italy was in massive debt, there was very high inflation, millions of workers were striking all over the country, the state had to support war veterans, unemployment numbers were increasing rapidly as soldiers returned home to find no jobs available, there was a rising threat from the socialist party with new inspiration from the Russian revolution. Italy joined the First World War in 1915 on the side of the Entente (Britain, France and Russia) as the Entente had promised the territories they wanted if they won, unlike Austria-Hungary and Germany who had promised only some of Italy's desired territory. The territories Italy wanted were; Trentino, southern Tyrol, Istria, parts of Dalmatia and Fiume (a town on the border of Istria). ...read more.

Middle

This over expenditure resulted in the government spending well over 23 billion lire more than they had got from tax collection. Over the three years Italy was involved in the war, inflation soared and prices quadrupled. The loans from Britain and the USA did not cover costs so in the hope of paying off debts and combating the problem of inflation, the government decided to print more money. However, this did nothing but make their problems worse, it simply decreased the value of the lire. This was probably one of the most incompetent actions of the Italian government at that time. The savings of the middle classes became practically worthless and as prices (especially of food) rose, buying power decreased by 25%. All of these problems eventually brought about protests and riots until the government gave in in 1919. One million soldiers suffered horrific injuries as a result of the fighting and roughly 650,000 were killed. The main reason Italy had taken loans from Britain and the USA was to help the state pay to look after its war veterans and support the families of those killed. ...read more.

Conclusion

Inspired after the success of the Russian revolution in 1917, they began top grow in numbers very rapidly. The party quadrupled in size between 1914 and 1919 eventually ending up with 200.000 members. They decided that they had been trying for slow reform for far too long, immediate, violent action would be much more productive. They won 156 seats in the Italian parliament after getting 32.4% in the national elections, resulting in them being the largest single party in parliament. Between 1918 and 1920, the Italian government was losing its popularity very fast. Although Italy was on the winning side of the war, the government was too weak to be able to obtain the territories promised to them by the Entente. When the war ended, the country was in huge debt, not helped by having to support injured veterans and the bereaved. Soaring inflation was badly delt with and unemployment was at an all time high. On top of this the government ignored the increasing threat from the socialist party. All these points add up to the fact that Liberal Italy was definitely doomed to failure after the First World War. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. "The first World War killed the Liberal Party" how far do you agree with ...

    This proved a competence on Asquith's behalf, and perhaps suggests that the First World War was not the only aspect that killed the Liberal Party, because they showed themselves to be able to handle some aspects of the war in very clever political manoeuvres, such as coalition.

  2. Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning

    Petrograd was at the time the capital city of Russia. Petrograd soviets represented the peasants, workers and soldiers. They were obviously in the majority in comparison to the middle classes and some nobility that the provisional government represented. The fact that the Petrograd Soviet represented these groups' interests and the

  1. How far were Gandhi's actions after 1920 responsible for Indiagaining her independence in 1947?

    The repercussions of Amritsar, it can be argued, had a greater effect on the move towards independence than the event itself. As Nanda explained, Amritsar "became a turning point in Indo-British relations almost as important as the Mutiny." Amritsar caused British opinion at home, public and ministerial to change and sympathise with the Indian people.

  2. How far do you agree that it was Cavour's diplomacy rather that Garibaldi's ideas ...

    There is debate surrounding Cavour's attitude towards Garibaldi's expedition. Traditional historians believe that in public the Prime Minister opposed the expedition, to retain their French ally but secretly Cavour encouraged Garibaldi. The following quotation from a letter written by Cavour to Baron Ricasoli, The Tuscan Governor General outlines his opinion that showing support for Garibaldi could be dangerous.

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    As support for the 'left' (Socialism) grew many other Italians began to favour a stronger, more authoritarian government system; they feared that the Liberals were too weak to protect them against this 'socialist threat'. At the same time nationalists also began to oppose the Liberals.

  2. Weimar Germany 1918-23: Was the Weimar Republic Doomed to Failure?

    Historians argue that if it wasn't the enforced disarmament of Germany a stipulated in the Treaty of Versailles, the government could have controlled the situation more efficiently with military force rather than employing the help of mercenaries. However, German government officials were told that using the army against the soldier's councils or the Freikorps was futile.

  1. Ghana- Drop the Debt

    Repayments were going as expected until the 1970s when interest rates rapidly inflated. Ghana was now not getting the original interest rate offered and had to pay back more. This was soon followed by the price of cocoa, one of Ghana's main exports, to fall.

  2. What problems did Italy have before 1919?

    Fourthly, the Pope's opposition to the government cause many religious problems for Italy. Tension was caused between the church and the rest of Italy when it was being decided on who would have control over Rome; the church refused to recognise the state until this was decided which caused another divide.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work