• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Liberal Reforms.

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework--Liberal Reforms Adam Bowen 1. Winston Churchill was a shadow minister in the Liberal Party. Churchill was concerned about the state of Britain's labourers at the beginning of the twentieth century. Winston Churchill stated that 'a large proportion' of the population is malnourished and not healthy. Churchill's tone and manner within the letter is unsympathetic. He had an uncaring attitude towards the poor. He was not concerned about poverty for moral reasons. He was concerned about the national efficiency of Britain. Churchill was interested in America's attitude towards the poor. He was worried that America was a growing power that dealt with it's poor much more efficiently than Britain. Most of America's population were fitter and stronger than Britain's. Churchill was worried about competition with America. Another concern that Winston Churchill had was that Britain's empire must remain strong. If a 'large proportion' of Britain's workers were in a poor state then it would give Britain a bad image as an efficient empire. Source A tells us that poverty was becoming a big concern at the beginning of the twentieth century. Politicians were writing and talking about it. Seebohm Rowntree had written a book about poverty detailing findings in York. Rowntree was one of the first people to do scientific investigations into the causes of poverty. ...read more.


Source F shows people queuing at the Post Office to collect their Old Age Pensions. Little is happening in this picture that is distressing or upsetting. Getting Old Age Pensions was a huge change from receiving Poor Law relief whether it was outdoor or indoor. Old people felt dignified when collecting their pension because what they received was not charity. Source G is quite useful because it tells us that outdoor relief was not 'sufficient to live on'. It shows that the introduction of pensions was important because people like Flora Thompson had written novels about it. The source should be questioned on its reliability though because it is a novel. This could be biased in subtle ways. It could also exaggerate the truth. In source G the facts are exaggerated: 'They were suddenly rich'. This is an over-statement because the pensions that were paid out were not a great deal of money but it was better than what existed previously. 4. Source H is a primary source. It is an example of how the government wanted Labour Exchanges to work. It is government propaganda and therefore it is biased but it is still useful. Source I is a primary source. It is a newspaper article so therefore the writer could be exaggerating the situation. ...read more.


(Source J) The limitations of this Act were that the benefits did not cover the illnesses of wife or children, and that it did not cover hospital treatment. Labour Exchanges were set up in 1909. These were the forerunners of the modern job centre. The major downside of these exchanges was that they were only voluntary. The Liberal reforms completely changed the ways that ill-health and poverty were dealt with in Britain because the government was intervening for the first time and getting involved with social issues in a systematic way. The only previous government intervention had been the 1875 Public Health Act. There was only the Poor Law and friendly societies before the reforms were in place. The Liberal reforms were not perfect, even Lloyd George admitted that but they created the foundations of the welfare state. The introduction of the Parliament Act in 1911 reduced the power of the House of Lords significantly because now they could only delay bills drawn up by the House of Commons and not halt them altogether. During the introduction of the Liberal reforms the House of Lords blocked the bills that had been drawn up by the House of Commons. The House of Commons now had more power than the House of Lords and this would help future Acts to be passed more easily. The government now believed that it was their responsibility to deal with Britain's poverty and ill-health. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Critical Book Review - The Strange Death of Liberal England Dangerfield, G. (1966)

    the arena of female suffrage, yet the book argues that after some years of solidity, the human emotion of boredom set in. As a result, after a few years of domestic squabbling, the fight was exported to Flanders. This theory will be able to rouse open and eternal debate for many years to come.

  2. Why did the liberal government (1906-1912) decide to fight poverty? Source based work.

    Study Sources D and E How far do these sources differ in their attitude to old age pension? In Source D Will Crooks talks about how every man and women over seventy should be entitled to an old age pension no matter what background they have and how a

  1. Free essay

    Consider the view that the liberal government reforms 1906-1914 were more concerned with the ...

    The argument of tariff reform lost the Conservatives a lot of support as the Liberal Party promoted free trade. Already it is clear then, that to get into power and to retain it, that the liberals had to rely on right wing support in the conservatives, which mean that any reforms passed needed to suit this way of thinking.

  2. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    In the Po valley, Umbria and Tuscany socialist trade unions were beginning to control labour, demanding higher wages. In other areas such as Bologna no labourer could get a job if he were not a member of a socialist union or Chamber of Labour.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    served as a means of advertisement. The kingdom of two Sicilies, that was under the autocratic bourbon family still censored the press, thus the Italians and Sicilians could make use of the Maltese printing presses to punch their ideas. In the meantime the Maltese writers could also copy the style of the Italian writers in their patriotic language.


    peace talk was aimed to restore peace between Israel and Palestine for the second time. They all thought that through negotiation and intervention, harmony could reinstate. This negotiation does not work. Both parties blamed each other. This is because Arafat wants more land, he thought that they were not offered

  1. Slavery in Latin America

    Aires, but native attacks forced abandonment of the settlement, and Asunci�n became the unquestioned leading city of the R�o de la Plata region. Buenos Aires was refounded in 1580 by Juan de Garay. His son-in-law, Hernando Arias de Saavedra (Hernandarias), secured the division of the R�o de la Plata territories, and Buenos Aires achieved (1617)

  2. Have Prior Reforms Of The Lords Been Effective And Can Anything Further Be Done ...

    A further selected ten were appointed as life peers in the aftermath, by the prime minister himself. The 92 that survived with their titles where chosen via elections amongst the peers themselves. Each hereditary peer who wished to stay submitted a 75 word manifesto stating why they wished to remain a part of the Lords (Guardian.co.uk April 2003 (Lords Reform)).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work