• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Modern World Study - China since 1949

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History coursework essay- Modern World Study: CHINA SINCE 1949 Why does the Chinese government at the start of the twenty-first century refuse to give its people democratic rights despite encouraging private enterprise in industry, commerce and agriculture and how do you see this situation developing in the next few years? For thousands of years, China has endured wars, rebellions, reforms, revolutions, trials, tribulations and a great deal more. But despite its troubled history, it remains one of the leading world powers in the twenty-first century. ...read more.

Middle

The second dynasty, the Shang dynasty, was established when Cheng Tang the Completer, as he is now known, overthrew the tyrannical last ruler of Xia, restoring a virtuous and humane government to the empire. The last of the three ancient dynasties, the Zhou dynasty, ruled China for an incredible 866 years, from 1122 to 256 BC. Many believe that the Zhou dynasty was the beginning of Chinese tradition, including Herrlee G. Creel, who quoted, "It would probably be generally agreed, for most practical purposes that the Chinese tradition may be said to have begun with the Zhou." ...read more.

Conclusion

In this context heaven did not mean a personal god but a cosmic all-pervading power. Most historians today agree that the theory the Mandate of Heaven was an invention of the Zhou to justify their overthrow of the Shang. The king, after all, was the father of his people, and paternal authority was the basic cement of Chinese society from earliest times. Rebellion against a father, therefore, needed extraordinary justification. These principles seem to still apply in China and you can tell that because the Chinese government believe in only having one ruler and don't seem to want to change. http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/prehistory/china/ancient_china/shang.html http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/ANCCHINA/SHANG.HTM http://www.warriortours.com/intro/history/shang/ http://acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu/~phalsall/texts/shu-jing.html ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    They expressed criticism through hundreds of thousands of wall posters. They marched through Beijing, sometimes attacked anything that seemed 'capitalist.' Before long, Red Guards were using violence to achieve their aims. They would shave the hair of girls with Western hairstyles, and tear up any Western clothes.

  2. A Modern World Study - Modern China.

    China's own philosophy is that an authoritarian ruler backs private enterprise but keeps a tight rein on political expression. This philosophy backs up the current situation in China; they are becoming a major world power with large exports while still managing to be a communist state.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    Even if the British calmed down, this didn't long very much, until the French started to build good relations with Mehmet Ali actually allied with him. The French were now indirectly taking the control of the Mediterranean. There partnership with Egypt meant that the latter had to obey certain rules imposed by the French.

  2. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    of a dozen families, and grouped into work brigades of a dozen work teams. And thirdly, the commune was a unit of the communist party; with a party committee making sure that the commune always followed party decisions. The speed with which the communes were created astounded not only the Chinese, but the rest of the world too.

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of Chinese people since 1949 in ...

    Employers were also given the power to hire and fire employees as they saw fit. People were now also allowed to start their own businesses for profit, the result of this was more consumer goods were made, which meant that people's standard of living went up.

  2. Since its formation in 1949 Communist China has been criticised for its record on ...

    Deng's reaction overall was too harsh. Almost anywhere else in the world, even violent behaviour would not get martial law imposed. Deng had proved himself to be just the same as Mao Ze Dong, if he didn't like something the best thing to do is use some violent killing to stop it.

  1. Chartist aims and methods - Source related study.

    Source C almost definitely reveals that a Chartist rebellion would have been likely. An article from O'Connor's newspaper 'The Northern Star', written by other fiery leader Harney, leaves absolutely no doubt as to how he feels and what should happen.

  2. Why does the Chinese Government at the start of the 21st Century refuse to ...

    China does carry a strong case for not allowing its citizens political freedom. China has had a very long history of authoritarian rule. Its stretches back to the BC Centuries when Emperors of great Dynasties rule China. Even after the final emperor step down in 1912, dictators ruled China.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work