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Nelson Mandela source examination.

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Introduction

GCSE History coursework assignment Nelson Mandela source examination. Question 1. Source A is written by the ANC. [African National Congress] The ANC was an anti apparthied organisation that fought for the freedom of black people in South Africa. They were generally viewed as freedom fighters by the black people of South Africa but as terrorists by the white population. Due to the fact that they were willing to use force to achieve they're aims. This provenance renders it to bias. It is an advertisement in a British newspaper, this was common during the apparthied era and was an attempt to increase overseas awareness. They did this because the South African government often tried to cover up goings on in South Africa and gloss the situation over. It is as you would expect strongly against apparthied and attacks the South African government calling them racists. "deprived of freedom by a government whose politics are determined by the colour of a persons skin." The person that the source is referring to is Nelson Mandela. The source uses Mandela in an attempt to gain your sympathy, it uses his birthday at the start to make you feel sorry for Mandela before reading what it has to say next. This is unconscious bias. Another example of this is in the way the source uses children "detains thousands of children without trial." This is a common method used to try and gain someones sympathy. Children are used because people react more or less favourably to different things. ...read more.

Middle

Interpreted differently the cartoon may show. The riches of South Africa [and there were many 51% of the worlds gold and 83% of platinum] stolen from the blacks by the greedy minority of whites. The whites use those riches and chuck back the rubbish with an evil grin of satisfaction as they watch the blacks living in poverty. This would be the picture the cartoonist would have wanted you to see. The content of the source in this sense at least would have been reliable because the whites had stolen that tree "the riches of South Africa" they had used the fruit [money] to build themselves luxurious hospitals etc. They isolated the black population [segregated them]. Banned them from entering zones containing all the nice things the whites had bought. People even had to carry ID cards. There was strict punishment for anyone who disobeyed these rules and the legal system was biased. The "black areas" had run down poor quality buildings, poor hospitals and generally bad conditions to live in [the core of the fruit chucked back by the whites]. Remember that in 1995 the whites made up only 13% of South Africa's population. So evidence shows the general idea created by the source was reliable however there were limitations. This was a cartoon in a British newspaper and therefore would have been heavily biased. British newspapers were against aparthied. The cartoon would have been drawn to ridicule the words of Dr Verwood. To show just what good neighbours they really are. ...read more.

Conclusion

Source K is a song written in 1983 campaigning for the freedom of Nelson Mandela. The song made it to number one and stayed there. This shows the amount of support Mandela had even in britain. The limitations are that some people may have bought the song because they liked the tune. After analysing the sources I have come to the conclusion that the sources do not prove that putting Mandela in prison was a mistake they merely suggest it. It is up to you whether or not you agree with them. Take source D for example it claims Mandela became more powerful in prison than he would have had he stayed out of it. This is however opinion and therefore is not proof that the government were wrong to imprison him. Other sources are the same that although they present a strong case that they were wrong it is the type of question that can never be answered beyond all argument. This is especially true when you consider the alternatives the government had. They could kill him this would have created mass outrage at the time with a huge amount of immediate pressure put on the government. They could release him and let him carry on doing what he was doing terrorism. What choice did they have? This has to have an affect on the question as no matter how much the evidence suggests they made a mistake what would have happened if took another course of action? Would it have been worse? This is in my opinion the basic reason why it is impossible for the sources to PROVE that the South African government were wrong to put Nelson Mandela in prison. ...read more.

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