• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

On The Shoulder Of Giants

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Albert Alvarado ToK Extended Essay January 15, 2006 On The Shoulder Of Giants Time and time again people have tried to rebel against tyrants either by force or by words. Few rebellions succeed so through out the year's tyrants control and oppress the people of the their land. Total control in the hands of one person led people to ponder the way they lived there lives thus emerged three great ideologist born during different time periods but with similar ideas, Aristotle, Thomas Hobbes, and John Locke. Their ideas were the building blocks to many constitutions of government; they laid out the building blocks to the Declaration Of Independence by showing us the way on the shoulder of giants. These three ideologists spoke of government as a necessity that was formed from peoples need to be with others in order to provide a better life for the commonwealth. To understand how a government is formed one must consider its origins. The origins of government begin with the union of man and woman. ...read more.

Middle

In order for a government to ensure absolute protection to its citizens, the citizens must first give up their absolute freedom but in return, obtain peace and security. Peace and security can only come when a powerful government or "leviathan" as is said by Hobbes, emerges. A powerful government or "leviathan" can only emerge when people accept to let one man or one assembly of men to speak on their behalf and give up their rights to them. Having given up rights for protection when done in multitude, becomes the commonwealth, where harmony is achieved through letting one man or one assembly of men decides what is best for the citizens and the citizens must abide by what is said. The commonwealth is protected as long as the government has the power to make and enforce laws. In giving up rights the government protects the citizens' life, liberties, and possessions better than they can independently. John Locke explains how Hobbes was correct in saying that something is needed to be sacrificed in order to protect them from the laws of nature. ...read more.

Conclusion

The shoulders of giants paved the way to the Declaration Of Independence, it says, "When in the course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands...to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature's God entitle them..." God gave them the right to dissolve the contract and the Declaration of Independence explains the reasons why the king violated the contract. Man has unalienable rights which are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness, the king did not allow these rights to the citizens so they had God's right to dissolve their connections with them, becoming a free independent nation. A Government is a contract made by ideas that were paved on the shoulders of giants. As was said by Aristotle "For man, when perfected, is the best of animals, but, when separated from law and justice, he is the worst of all...". Humans need government in order to escape the oppression a tyrant would bring to them. Humans form governments out of needs for protection and human nature to be with others for their own good. Without governments life is "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short." As Hobbes put it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The development of political thought - John Locke

    He is against all extremist beliefs, atheists and Catholics, labeling them the representatives of old power. Human diversity is to be freed from religious limitations, and therefore the church should be the entity separated from the government.

  2. Enviromental protection

    Recycling is a process when old materials can be used again. Unfortunately it is very expensive but now we are used to seeing recycled paper in books and textbooks. Cities very often lack vegetations, sport fields, landscape parks, trees and bushes.

  1. Politics - Aristotle

    There are thus three true forms of government: monarchy, aristocracy, and constitutional republic. The perverted forms of these are tyranny, oligarchy and democracy. The difference between the last two is not that democracy is a government of the many,

  2. Prospects for India's development

    There have been three elections since 1996, the most recent of which took place in October of 1999 and brought yet another monstrous coalition government to power - an increase in the number of parties from 18 to 24. (The problem is getting progressively worse as the 1997 coalition government that was ousted had only 13 parties.)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work