• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political parties and pressure groups.

Extracts from this document...


Political parties and pressure groups a) Explain the term new labour used in the extract. The term new labour describes the transition the labour party have made from old labour, which scraped the edges of socialism, appealed in the main to the working class, redistributing wealth amongst the middle and working classes as well as actively involving trade unions. 'New labour' has a much broader appeal, moving further towards liberalism, ditching its loyalty to trade unions, appealing to all forms of voters and a much more trustworthy and significant role for the leadership. The transition between old and new labour has been some what accelerated by the domination of the conservative party between 1979 and 1997, the party made huge steps in making the party more appealing and with this change bought a significant movement in the parties position in the political spectrum and hence bringing about 'new' labour. Firstly under Kinnock and then Smith and Blair the rethink of policies and exclusion of far left divisions like militant tendency lead to a much broader appealing party pushed further towards the centre and re-branded as new labour, the party finally won by a landslide in 1997 and again in 2002. ...read more.


Even before the Iraq war divisions in the Tory party were ever present. There isn't a clearer sign of disunity than the leader of a party making a speech entitled 'unite or die'. In his speech IDS requested that his party unite around his leadership or suffer the consequences, the speech was torn apart by the media with exaggerated lines like ' the most embarrassing day in conservative history' and 'what is there to unite around'. The fact that IDS had to make such a speech shows how huge the internal divisions were, probably the biggest since 1945. However the labour party aren't without divisions either. Despite baring the main brunt of internal divisions during the 80's and early 90's when the divisions between social democrats v socialists and modernises v traditionalists lead to many break away cults such as Tony Benn's 'gang of four' the party still has one substantial division remaining. The feud between old and new labour has been going on for nearly ten years, Arthur Scargills departure from the party showed how much the party had changed, despite these small splits the party has ...read more.


Such comments are further dividing the party, and increasing what looks to be a very bleak situation for the Tories already. But, there is some light at the end of the conservative tunnel. War is a very controversial issue and even though labour have remained fairly disciplined in the circumstances, if the war takes longer that anticipated or there are huge amounts of deaths, it could spell the end of Blair's reign and the start of old divisions being re-opened. Before the war Labours party was extremely disciplined, well lead and had a unity that had been missing for some years, fuelled by the thirst of not wining for 18 years. The conservatives in stark contrast were hugely divided, and rebelled on many issues (recently voting on section 28, 23 Tories voted against IDS) as well as there old divide of pro and anti Europeans mirroring the labour parties divides in the 80's under Michael Foot Despite all this the coming months will severally test labours unity and party discipline as the divisive issue of war comes to the fore. However if things continue as before the war Labour look set to win another election by a comfortable margin ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The causes and the political and social consequences of the Dreyfus Affair in France

    The Affair divided French society. It is true that the influence of the press exacerbated this tension, which crossed the classes and the families. In January, 1899, on the initiative of Maurice Barr�s was born "La ligue de la patrie Fran�aise " which collected approximately 500 000 members and which supported a press capable of getting 2 000 000 readers.

  2. 'Nationalist Groups in the Sub-Continent played the most significant role in Britain's decision to ...

    It had been Labour policy since MacDonald's 1929 government to work towards dominion status for India. In 1942 the Coalition government, despite Churchill's premiership and record on the issue of independence, made an offer of independence after the War, an offer partly made out of political and military considerations given the state of the War in Asia at the time.

  1. "Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in ...

    Private members who have gained a place on the ballot can put their bills down for discussion on particular days, now exclusively Fridays. Bills which are brought in under the ballot procedure especially those brought in by members placed high in the ballot are normally very serious attempts at changing the law in a well defined field.

  2. Is the Media an independent political actor?

    such as the Hutton Report illustrate how the BBC is influenced greatly by government pressures. Furthermore the BBC appears to be failing in its pluralist role of challenging the government or holding it to account, favouring the promotion of the status quo, or what Curtis describes as "an ideological system

  1. How significant is the influence which pressure groups have on government? Is there any ...

    Public policy has a part to play. "The level of group activity fluctuates in relation to shifts in public policy, particularly the degree to which the state intervenes in economic and social life". (Heywood, 2002, p 278-9). There is a range of ways that groups can exert their influence, to a greater or lesser extent, over government.

  2. Liberal Democrats on iraq

    There is severe and deadly rivalry for control of the state, and the violence is unabated. � Terrorism The conflict has not only placed severe strain on international relations between the Muslim world and the West, but Iraq is now a crucible of militant terrorism.

  1. Political parties and representation

    The voter would have great difficulty in informing him/herself about all the views of all the candidates - parties have established programmes and 'images' in the minds of voters, conveyed through mass media. (b) To cover all variations of opinion, there would be an immense number of candidates, and

  2. What are the main functions of political parties? How effectively do political parties fulfil ...

    However, some small parties who have no realistic chance of gaining power act very much like pressure groups within the political system, a prime example being Sir James Goldsmith's Referendum Party, which is campaigning for a Referendum on entry to the European Single Currency.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work