• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political Parties in Kazakhstan.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Abdullina Elnura 996004 Group B Political Parties in Kazakhstan Political parties are a fundamental part of political system in every developed country, serving as a link between the State and the society, and indicating the level of country's democratic development. During the period of 70 years the single Communist party dominated Kazakhstan, and it was not until the collapse of the Soviet Union that the multi-party system emerged in the country. At the present time there are approximately 15 officially registered parties taking participation in the political life of Kazakhstan. They include "Otan", The Republican National Party of Kazakhstan, The People's Congress of Kazakhstan, the Republican Labor party, The Communist Party, The Socialist Party, Civil Party, the Renaissance Party of Kazakhstan, "Azamat", Agrarian Party and several others. Notwithstanding considerable progress observed in the political life of Kazakhstan during the last years and the emergence of such a great variety of different parties on the political arena of the country, the party system is still very weak due to such factors as lack of financial support, political immaturity of parties, corruption and imperfect legislation. ...read more.

Middle

Moreover, some parties tend to abuse their authority, engage in unfair competition and falsify the information. "Otan", which is known to be a "pro-Presidential party", uses its authority in order to force some people to join its rows. So, the official statistics showing that the number of its members is close to 200 thousand people appears to be far from the reality.1 These facts undoubtedly exploit people's belief in the fair political system and consequently weaken it. The second reason conducing to the weakness of political parties is the lack of financial support. The most burning issue of almost all parties, with the exception of Otan and RNPK, is the financial provision. For example, the Socialist and Social-democratic Parties have practically suspended all their activities since 1995 due to non-availability of funding sources.2 It is known that political competition and success of the particular party depends heavily on public relations, advertising, and polling, which in turn require good fundraising. Therefore, political parties, which are headed by the elite or act in the interest of some influential person or group of persons have more chances to survive and receive places in the Parliament, than those which are willing to protect the interests of common people, such as pensioners, working class, unemployed etc. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally, political parties are not a real force in Kazakhstan because of the legislative restrictions imposed on them by the government. Some people even believe that the government intentionally makes obstacles on the way of political parties in order to preserve the monopoly for the power. The "Law on Political Parties" has numerous drawbacks and to some extent even limits the rights and freedoms of political parties.3 The legislation establishes registration procedures that are very complicated and strict, so that a lot of parties cannot pass these barriers and remain illegal. Because the government has the opportunity to fully control the emergence and activity of the parties, it only tolerates the existence of those, not creating a serious challenge to its authority. That is why the majority of political parties in Kazakhstan are dependent on the State and there is no strong opposition in the country. To summarize, presently the political parties do not have a real force in Kazakhstan. Although a considerable progress has been made since the early nineties, they still remain weak organizations because of imperfect legislation, corruption, extreme dependence on the State, financial difficulties and immaturity of parties themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Pakistan's Political and Economic Development

    This was the first taste of a civilian government since 1958. His socialist agenda was intended to nationalize the industries that had achieved tremendous growth rates in the period of Ayub Khan, and close the income gap between class structures and change the economic structure of Pakistan which had increasingly become elitist.

  2. "Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in ...

    House of Lords Stages and Amendments (public bills) Once it has passed its third reading in the House of Commons, the bill is sent to the House of Lords. They proceedings are very similar except that after the second reading, bills are usually committed to a committee of the whole

  1. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    utilities; forcing donor countries and agencies to hire lobbyists to clear their projects by bribing officials at different levels and failure of Food For Work and relief programmes to reach their targets due to massive theft and huge misuse ofresources (Kochanek, 1993).

  2. Political parties and representation

    Pareto, Michels, "the iron law of oligarchy" - but even J S Mill argued that the British parliament should include some non-elected experts/elites. This in turn relates to important differences in theories about the nature of representation (see next). (3)

  1. The Mexican Economy

    Opposition parties exist, but not until the 1980's did they represent a serious challenge to the PRI. Chief among them is the Partido de Acci�n Nacional (National Action Party; PAN), a conservative, pro-Catholic group drawn primarily from the middle class and the Frente Democr�tico Nacional (National Democratic Front, FDN), a coalition of leftist opposition groups.

  2. Prospects for India's development

    by 11% during peak times and 18% during non-peak times.x * Transportation: The roads and public transportation network requires significant investment both within urban areas and intra/interstate roads as well. Initiatives The Indian government's initiatives have occurred mostly at the state level.

  1. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    However the Anti-Corruption Office has tight limitations which restrict its ability to battle corruption. The Department of Investigations within the Anti-Corruption Office is very selective; more than 500 out of a possible 1400 allegations of corruption have been rejected simply because they did not fall within the Anti-Corruption Office's mandate of investigation.

  2. Russia - political past, present and future

    Once the president is familiarized with a bill or a proposal he has an option either to accept or place a veto on the document. If a veto is placed, the document is returned back to the Duma for further reconsideration.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work