• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political Parties.

Extracts from this document...


Rose Szarowicz Tue 17th February 04 Political Parties What is a political party? A political party is a group of people whose aim is to win or gain governmental power by electoral or other means. They aim to gain power through public office, and acquire a following through appealing to part parts of the electorate with similar political ideologies to their party. They normally focus on broad issues e.g. better health care, more freedom, and greater social equality. Although some small parties focus on single issues to get into public office e.g. the unionists and nationalists. The UK is a two-party system which means that only two parties have a chance of becoming the government; Labour and Conservative. They retain power and their position by acting in the interests of the public, trying to stay popular so that they will be re-elected in the next general election. ...read more.


They can only find this support if they have the right characteristics and what it takes to rise. Here the party serves the function of filtering those who are able and those who aren't to rise higher in government. Parties assign members to various public services for example someone to sit on school governing boards, or hospital trusts. This function helps to support the public service and protects public interest. Parties serve the interest to sustain the system, although they exercise their opposition to other parties, they defend the system of politics in various ways; the monarch- although has no political power- is respected, after a general election losing parties confirm the authority of the new ruling party as to install respect and public support of the system and new government. In times of war, opposition and hostility between parties is deferred to unite in favour of national security; this was the case in both world wars and in the troubles in Northern Ireland. ...read more.


Party members make up the committees who organise legislative and scrutinising functions of government. These informed, able and committed people are vital to the running of government. Parties inform the public on general issues of the day, e.g. world affairs, the state of the economy, transport systems etc. They also provide solutions for problems, and encourage public debate on the issues. Without this source of information, the public would be unaware of many issues occurring in the country. Party manifesto's are a set of policies a party state they will put through if they are elected into power. They give the electorate a basis to choose between parties and holds the government to a set of rules (policies) that they must abide by and act upon. It gives them a clear choice to which party to choose. E.g. labour support the Euro , Conservative is against it for the foreseeable future. Parties also articulate basic values e.g. equality, freedom and justice, to ensure the basic human rights aren't lsot through party policies. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Political parties and representation

    Your representative owes you not his industry only, but his judgment; and he betrays, instead of serving you, if he sacrifices it to your opinions'). The advantages of this model, it is argued, are precisely that it overcomes the mentioned disadvantages of the first model.

  2. America has a two-party political system.

    should exercise of the immature state and is described as a Federalist2. His ideal of government was the rule of gentlemen.3 He had a deep felt mistrust of the public, and admired the British Parliamentary system which was cultured towards his "reverence for tradition"4.

  1. Russia - political past, present and future

    When Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985, he understood that major reforms and repairs are needed in the system, to rescue the Soviet Union from an extreme downfall. He began an age known as perestroika and opened some freedom to make necessary reforms for improvement.

  2. This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect ...

    Unemployment According to Martin Westcott, managing director of PE Corporate Services the shortage of skills in South Africa is worsening and impacting on the plans for economic growth and the creation of jobs. There are shortages of senior, middle and supervisory managers, declining numbers of artisans and technical workers

  1. What are the main functions of political parties? How effectively do political parties fulfil ...

    Despite this scandal and other issues of sleaze, parties are seen as a necessary evil within the political field and not just part of the backdrop because of the important range of functions that they perform in order for Parliamentary politics to work properly.

  2. Asian Values in Singaporean Perspective.

    It is obvious that in former times European societies used to adhere to similar values. One case in point is Germany under the Kaiser or later Hitler where respect for authority was often an argument Germans made against liberal ideas from Anglo-Saxon countries.

  1. The Rise of Political Parties.

    shareholders of the new Bank of the United States could easily influence the government, and if enough members of Congress owned bank stocks, they would also vote in support of the bank even at the cost of the national good.

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    K Aksakov: memo to Alex II: 'To the government, the right of action and consequently of law; to the people, the right of opinion and consequently of speech'. This irresponsible attitude towards political power was the most damaging legacy left by the Slavophils to the revolutionary populists.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work