• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Politics and Power notes on the UK system

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Politics and Power As majority of people don't understand the actual meaning of politics they have a negative view on it. By adopting a narrow view on politics we believe politics to be about elections, political parties, politicians, the government and parliament. The broad definition states Power There are a number of different ways of defining power; one is where an individual or group of people are able to get what they want, despite opposition from others. We have power so far as we can get others to do what we want and exercise power when we influence someone against their will. The difference between authority and coercion is: o Coercion involves the use of force. Eg: rapists or killers. o Authority is exercised over us willingly as we think it's the right thing to do. Eg police or teachers. UK Democratic UK Undemocratic In a democratic society our views count in the process of decision making. In Britain we can participate and make our views known by: o Voting, eg: in local, general and European elections. o Starting or joining a political party. o Starting or joining a pressure group and getting involved in its campaigns. o Writing to our MP, Member of the European Parliament (MEP) or local councillor. o Writing to the press. ...read more.

Middle

o Investing in the education system to ensure there are adequate resources to give every child the skills for legitimate work. o Empowering local communities to reduce crime in their own areas, including through locally accountable and responsive policing, local authority crime prevention, and lay participation in juries, magistrates, courts and restorative justice programmes. The role of pressure groups in decision making is to use its power to try to influence the government in order to get its views heard and its policies adopted. Pressure groups can vary enormously, which makes it very difficult to generalize about them. Broadly there are two types of pressure groups: protective and promotional. Protective groups seek o protect or defend their members' interests. Promotional groups seek to promote a cause to achieve a particular set of changes or to campaign on a specific issue. Eg: Greenpeace. An alternative way of looking at pressure groups is to distinguish between insider and outsider groups. Insider groups are those who are consulted by government departments, civil servants and ministers in the process of preparing new policies proposals. The automobiles association, for example is likely to be consulted on issues concerning road policy. Some groups are consulted automatically, for example the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) so they are in a strong position to influence government policy. ...read more.

Conclusion

the CBI is more influential than the Child Poverty Action The positive view of pressure groups: Pluralists argue that pressure groups play an important role in democratic society, meaning like minded people can group together and express their views. Which means our opinions and views are always heard. Such groups allow us to participate in the political process and to influence the decision making process. Pressure groups help politicians to keep in touch with the wishes of the grass roots and we can inform the government of our views between elections. The conservative party were forced to reconsider their policy on the poll tax once it realised the strength of popular feeling against that tax. Pressure groups also inform people of new issues, for example the environmental pressure groups raised awareness of the dangers of acid rain. Pressure groups often consist of people who are experts in their field. The Conflict view According to the conflict approach, society is based on conflicting views and interests between different groups. Some groups are much more powerful than others and can dominate the political process and decision making. Some groups' power is based on their property and wealth. This gives them greater status and they are therefore able to exert more influence on policy makers, possibly behind the scenes. It is argued that governments are more willing to listen to some groups rather than others e.g. the CBI is more influential than the Child Poverty Action Group. Natalie Ahluwalia ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Arguments for and Against the use of Referendums in the UK

    that fourteen years of national argument are over', emphasising the ability to make a final decision on various issues. Using the promise of referendums have proved to play a part in attracting support for political parties in general elections. A possible example could have been the Labour Party before the 1997 election.

  2. How much power and influence does the civil service have?

    For this reason Civil Servants are said to be anonymous, this doesn't mean that their identities be kept secret, but it does mean that they should not be held accountable for their advice or for departmental policy Ministers are responsible to Parliament for departmental policy, while Civil Servants are not.

  1. Analysing The British Political System.

    Traditionally, we saw approximately one third of the working class vote Conservative, against what would have been the traditional view that working class 'ought' to vote Labour due to their history of allegiance to the Trades Unions and primary concern for equality and welfare issues.

  2. Compare and contrast the elitist and pluralist accounts of political power

    elite to conduct research into fields to which they lacked sufficient social knowledge to make informed decisions. He felt this was partly due to the fact that elites often came from limited social backgrounds, something which Mahler would appear to agree with "It does appear that individuals from the upper

  1. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    In 1915, SWA was conquered by South Africa as a proxy of World War One. In 1920 the League of Nations granted South Africa a mandate to control the territory. From this point South Africa commenced an integration policy to make SWA a fifth province.

  2. How has the role and impact of military rulers and civilian politicians differed in ...

    The policies of Musharraf were quite interesting. For example the compensation given to deceased government employees was increased, then the land was given to the landless peasants. His initial agenda was full of ambitions. Musharraf promised to improve the existing government institutions.

  1. Citizenship - participating in society

    The Videos that we used were from the NHS and Frank. The videos main purpose was that young children did not smoke. It showed all the affects and a real life scenario was shown so the pupils were all aware of what smoking can do to you.

  2. PRESSURE GROUPS

    The petition stated that - "All firearms held for recreational purposes foe use in authorised sporting clubs be held securely at such clubs with the firing mechanisms removed, the private ownership of handguns be made illegal; certification of all fire arms be subject to stricter control" (Pressure Groups - Access to Politics; pg 116)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work