• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Proportional Representation

Extracts from this document...


What are the arguments for introducing proportional representation for Westminster elections? PR is a description of any electoral system which tends to produce institutions of the people who have elected them. There are currently many arguments for the change in the electoral system, it would give voters more choices, it is seen as a fairer system compared to FPTP and of course it would make every vote count unlike FPTP. However, the current Westminster election system of the FPTP system has successfully been delivering governments for over 60 years now, it also delivers strong, single party governments and it allows the people to receive a government that has clear policies that it will deliver due to the party's electoral manifesto. The introduction of PR in Westminster elections would give voters more choices. ...read more.


If the same amount of votes were received under PR, the seat difference would be much closer and therefore could have led to a coalition government, it also brings in the argument to give other parties such as the Liberal Democrats a better chance of gaining more seats. On the other hand, there are many arguments against reform too. The Westminster elections have been using the simple plurality system for over 60 years now and the argument of 'if it is not broken don't try to fix it' comes in to play. The argument is that this system is currently working well and most voters understand the system well too, bringing in a totally new system could possibly confuse voters and therefore the government would rather be safe than sorry and continue to use a system that is working well. ...read more.


As the FPTP ensures a strong government, the people will get the policies they voted for. However, under PR, where a coalition government is likely, conflict of ideas will also be likely making it harder to pass legislature, therefore it will probably mark the end of the manifesto system and therefore it will make voters unsure of what they are exactly voting for. There are good arguments for and against of an electoral reform and although the PR system offers the chance to make every vote count, the FPTP system has been working very well for such a long period now that it would be undesirable to change it now. The FPTP system ensures we get a government, and that is the most important part of an electoral system and it is currently ensuring that we do get a government, so it is fit for purpose and therefore it would be better if this system was not abandoned. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. "Parliament now legitimates rather than legislates." With reference to the role and functions of ...

    A principle, but by no way exclusive, source of policy is the majority party's election manifesto. Winning parties have a very good record in implementing their manifestos. Each party has a different way in formulating the policies in the manifesto.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    The rational for this system is that it reduces the disparity between a party's share of the national vote and number of seats in parliament. For example, in a plurality-majoritarian system, a party's candidates could theoretically win 51 percent of the votes in each regional election, resulting in that party

  1. Political parties and representation

    'Whig' or 'trustee' model, which proposes that elected politicians should be leaders of public opinion, not passive tools of it. Once elected, representatives should think for themselves and exercise independent judgment, since those they represent may not know their own best interests.

  2. Civil Service Reform.

    Deliberate attempts have been made to re-allocate personnel away from the South East, for example, the Benefits Agency Headquarters was moved from London to Leeds, with the intention of cutting costs. This is part of a system of reforms which aims to encourage individuals to see themselves not as part

  1. Would a Proportional Representation system produce a more representative and effective Government?

    In the past FPTP has lead to strong governments as result of the clear mandate and are therefore legitimate and can take radical decisions. As George Foulkes pointed out, "our present voting system at least ensures that government descisions are made by the party which has the most votes.

  2. The Plurality System.

    Only in two occasions has the winning party won more than 50% of the vote; in 1900 where the conservatives and the lib dem's won 50.3% of the vote, and in 1931where the national government had 53.3%, but this formed a coalition within which the conservatives had a very large majority.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work