• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Public administration in China

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

NPM in Asia Introduction Mapping the history of public administration of a vast region such as Asia is indeed an enormous task, especially since the region consists of nations that demonstrate significant racial, ethnic, cultural and political differences. The following will use the case of China to demonstrate some special feature in Asia. The history of legacy The old feudalist and the budding bourgeois systems of organizing the economy were replaced with a socialist system after 1949.in spite of the significant change in both economy and polity, the system of administering the country remained remarkably similar to the earlier imperial days. The Cultural Revolution in the late 1960s and early 1970s temporarily disrupted the operations of this system by accusing managers and bureaucrats of being 'enemies of the revolution'. Nonetheless, it was eventually restored and did not change until the 1980s after a policy of market reform had been adopted by the government in Beijing. The Chinese version of "market socialism' had gradually given more autonomy to administrative and managerial organs in the state. ...read more.

Middle

4 the public's dependence on these officials discouraging them from reporting illegal activities, thus enhancing the anonymity of corrupt officials. With the advent of a materialistic orientation in the 1980s,however, many new opportunities for enrichment emerged while the ascetic code of public service ethics was disregarded. Those, who acquired wealth, were admired, envied and became socially acceptable by the rest as long as they were not caught. In such a situation, those who enriched themselves from corrupt practices would shy away from reporting similar transgression by their colleagues or subordinate employees. Slowly, a climate of corruption developed, at the same time, honest officers became materially poor compared to their colleagues and were ostracized as stupid, the principle of leadership by virtue, which is so deeply ingrained in the Confusion tradition, no longer applies with the same degree of consistency. The market reforms have brought in new values that seem to undermine the old principles. This is increasingly an issue in China that the political leadership is grappling with. 2 Governance Governance has become a very fashionable way of talking about reform in government and its relations with society. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is here where the moral approach acquires a holistic tone; ultimately, our public servants exist for the public they are employed to serve. This approach needs to be revitalized in public service in Asian countries. Unless public officials are guided also by a sense of vocation, service to others and accountability, we cannot expect moral government (Dwivedi,2002) Conclusion Although it may be an oversimplification to talk about a set of distinctive Asian values, it is true that a good number of Asians do not subscribe to the set of Western values that dominate global discourse about administration and governance .For example, the notion of duty and community rights, sacrifice for the family and other communal needs, respect for authority, and consensual decision making are deeply rooted in Asian societies, but they do not feature at all in the prescription for improved public administration or better governance that the international development community advocates today .Public administration, more than ever before, can be fully analyzed and understood only in its political context. This is a lesson that can convincingly be drawn from the cases discussed above, but applies also to other Asian countries, all of which are confronting issues of legitimizing the role that public institutions play in society. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. When disputing over international borders of relations it is very common for history to ...

    The Tibetan figures state that 430,000 were killed in the uprising and subsequent guerilla warfare. Chinese treatment of Tibet from 1950 till present The 17-point agreement guaranteed Tibetan autonomy and promised not to interfere with Tibet's existing form of government.

  2. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    So while wages constantly changed from week to week, the purchasing power of those wages remained constant. The government took rapid steps to overcome Chinas grave economic problems. To start with, all major banks, the railway network, and about a third of heavy industry were taken away from their owners and made into state property.

  1. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    or for the benefit of a group to which one owes allegiance. It can be motivated by greed, by the desire to retain or increase one's power, or perversely enough, by the belief in a supposed greater good. United nation's Dictionary of social science define as " corruption in public

  2. The Advent of Imperialism

    Arabs and other Asiatic races of the West had traded with China from very early times. Roman records point to intercourse with China as early as Marcus Aurelius. Nor were their relations with the outside world confined to trade. The Nestorians, who propagated their religious views widely in the Central

  1. BUSINESS ETHICS

    These values are crucial as they enable people to live together with the same references of behaviour. B) Differences between morality and virtue The same word can mean both a morality principle and a virtue but there is a fundamental difference between the two.

  2. A Modernizing Monarch

    Alexander's liberalization of Russian society had its limits. Secret police forces and state censorship inhibited political organization. Corruption precluded the efficient operation of state bureaucracies. Russian authorities continued to exile dissenters to Siberia. These practices increased under ALEXANDER III. By the end of the 19th century, Russia lagged behind many of its European contemporaries.

  1. Prospects for India's development

    Both of these events suggest a slackening of tension over non-proliferation issues, hence, the lowering of a barrier to foreign investment in India. Domestic Climate The Coalition Government and Rapid Turnover India's domestic political system has lacked stable leadership for close to six years - in just one year alone, three different governments controlled the country.

  2. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    Social The role of Buddhism in the nationalist movement 1. The most single factor disruptive of Burmese society was the British neglect of the Buddhist sangha (monkhood) Traditionally, the monks had played a crucial educational and cultural role helping social cohesion.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work