• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Scottish devolution.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

After the Union Treaty between the Kingdoms of Scotland and England in 1707, the Scottish Parliament was dissolved and power was sent down to Westminster. For the following 300 years, Scotland was ruled by a southern power-base, perceived by many to be biased to southern needs and wishes. Since the signing of the treaty, many different groups have pushed for some sort of home rule for Scotland, if not complete independence. The core argument was that Scottish governance should not be dependent on political control created by a House of Commons majority in which Scotland - with a relatively small presence at Westminster - inevitably played only a minor role. That argument grew in strength during the years of the Conservative rule, from 1979 to 1997. During this period Scotland elected few Tory MPs and so it was claimed that a party that it did not elect governed the country. And as a result Scotland was often on the receiving end of policies, such as the Poll Tax, which it palpably rejected. The need for legislation tailored to Scottish needs, and for Scottish ministers and their policies to be held to account by Scotland's elected representatives became hard to accommodate satisfactorily within the British parliamentary system at Westminster. ...read more.

Middle

those left at Westminster). These powers that are retained are: * The Constitution - This includes succession to the Crown, changes to the UK Parliament, Honours & Titles. * Foreign Affairs - Membership of international organisations, international relations, regulation of trade and international development are all reserved. Negotiations with the European Union are primarily under the control of Westminster ministers. * Civil Service of the State - Whitehall Officials and UK Judiciary are still to be determined through Westminster. (With the exception of Scottish Legal officers which the Scottish Executive can recommend for Scottish Sheriff Courts etc) * Defence - Westminster oversees Defence of the Realm, the navy, military & air forces. Other Westminster defence powers relate to decisions over international headquarters and defence organisations and what the Act refers to as "trading with the enemy and enemy property". * Fiscal And Economic Matters - Fiscal economic and monetary policy, including the issue and circulation of money, taxes and excise duties, government borrowing and lending, control over UK public expenditure the exchange rate and the Bank of England. * Home Affairs - Some areas such as the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 and the Data Protection Act 1984 which sets out the law on these issues for the whole of the UK can only be changed by Westminster. ...read more.

Conclusion

But in principle, Scotland will be able to make laws relating to devolved matters even if they also affect reserved matters. Westminster is still able to intervene to stop a piece of Scottish law if that law would: * conflict with an "international obligation" of the UK * damage national security or defence * adversely affect a law that applies to reserved matters The European Parliament has the same control that it had before devolution over its Scottish counterpart - all new laws have to comply with European Community law. The Scotland Act 1998 removed the guarantee of at least 71 Scottish seats at Westminster (there are now 72) and required the Boundary Commission for Scotland to determine the level of Scottish representation by applying the same electoral quota as in England. (At present, the average Scottish constituency comprises around 55,000 electors, while the average for English constituencies is around 70,000.) The Scotland Act also provides for the Scottish Parliament constituencies to be the same as the UK Parliament constituencies, except for Orkney and Shetland which each have their own MSP. The Scottish parliament would also shrink. Since the Scotland Act requires the number of Edinburgh single member constituencies to balance the number of PR seats in the ratio of 73:56, that would cut the parliament's size from 129 members to 106. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Section 1 of this report provides an introduction, which deals with the issue of ...

    This goes to show how the numbers of immigration in the UK have risen over the years; no one however can put their finger on how much. It is getting a little out of control and no one disputes this.

  2. Asylum seekers

    People aged 18-24 £29.89 3. Couples £59.26 4. Single Parent £37.77 5. Child 16-17 £32.50 6. Child Under 16 £33.50 7. Also they get accommodation when they arrive normally a B&B. 8. The children receive an education. They attend mainstream schools and sometimes have a translator with them.

  1. In this essay I will explain the distinctive features of the Scottish political system, ...

    This concept is taken further through the education system which stresses equality of opportunity, a liberal education over a wide range of subjects and a didactic pedagogy. This difference reinforces the boundary between Scotland and England. However the Scottish system is both dependent and independent within the British system.

  2. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    STV could cause internal party rifts In most cases, party solidarity and loyalty will inhibit individualistic campaigning, and even if this were to happen, a party could exclude a future ticket to a recalcitrant candidate. There is intra-party competition in every election system.

  1. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    Radicalism, New Labour Style- * Devolution * National minimum wage * New deal * Social Chapter * Joining the European Court of Human Rights Is New Labour Tory in disguise?- * Acceptance of the free market * Private-Public partnerships * Strong on law and order - 2005 Terror Bill *

  2. Spain and Devolution

    There is tension around matters of protocol, for example welcoming of international statesmen, visits abroad, which have seemed to the state to be taking over the proper role of the sovereign state (Basset, 1998). Finally, there is competition between the regions around the extent of their powers which produces a

  1. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    The following quote is in support of this view; "...Kemal was a hero, adored and feared, but never despised."7 In much literature it is stated that many held Ataturk in very high regards. Furthermore, at this point in time it is important to mention that Ataturk's work is consider a

  2. Political accountability -Parliament and the courts

    There has been a widespread expectation that the scale of Labour's majorities since 1997 would weaken the ability of Parliament to subject the government to scrutiny and weaken political accountability. This expectation has not been met. Indeed, there are significant ways in which the government is held to account more effectively than has ever been the case before.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work