• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points Of Nelson Mandela's Life

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points Of Nelson Mandela's Life Throughout Nelson Mandela's life there were a few key events that led to his success and achievement, for example, his sheer determination and loyalty to the fight against apartheid and oppression of the Africans. The first time he was really exposed to politics and the problems with racism was when he joined Heal Town Methodist College. His peers introduced him to not only local politics but national politics as well. This was a marginally significant event as it gave Nelson Mandela his first real glimpse into the deep-rooted injustice of the government. In 1943 after earning his BA, Nelson joined the ANC although, just over a year later, he decided that the ANC was too staid and created the ANC youth league, which he planned to be a more activist organisation. This gave him more respect in the anti-racism circle. In 1948 the nationalist party came to power led by Dr. Daniel Malan, there main policy was apartheid and they implemented new laws of racial discrimination and prohibition of mixed marriages. This sparked the ANC youth party to hold many protests and boycotts making them grow more unpopular to the government. Also in 1951 Nelson Mandela became president of the ANC youth party this was a major turning point in his life as he now had more authority and could take a more active role in the fight against apartheid rule. ...read more.

Middle

Support for him was tremendous and many celebrities helped in the 'free Mandela campaign'. Explain the part played by external pressure in the fight against apartheid and minority rule in South Africa. External pressure from the United Nations and other major sources played a large part in the breakdown of the African government, which inevitably led to the end of apartheid. During the 1960's many countries, including the USA, grew to despise apartheid and held protests to show their disapproval, many said they would impose sanctions on South Africa unless the government ended the apartheid state. In 1952 the United Nations publicly condemned apartheid. Later in 1962 the UN recommended the use of economic sanctions on South Africa, initially this put a lot of pressure on the South African government but mysteriously not long after there was worldwide condemnation, South African exports to Europe, America and Asia rapidly rose by up to 300%. Many loans were cancelled and firms like Esso and Barclays withdrew a lot of investment from South Africa and the United Kingdom boycotted loans to South Africa. As South Africa's wealth had increased due increased prosperity they gradually became more self- sufficient and inevitably overcame the economic sanctions. Therefore they didn't really play much of a large role in the breakdown of apartheid but they did show that many countries were against their policies and determined to change the racist and unethical government initiative. ...read more.

Conclusion

On 2nd February 1990, he made many major changes to the law, for example: 30 bans were lifted on anti-apartheid organisations, newspapers could report freely and the death sentence was stopped. These changes dramatically affected the break down of apartheid and played a large role in the end of minority rule as it showed 'blacks' that their protests were worthwhile. In 1991 de Klerk called a referendum on whether the nation wanted to continue towards true democracy and 70% voted in favour, this was very important as it showed that, unlike in previous years, everyone's opinion was valid. President de Klerk once said, "We desire to create a society in which all people are victors, instead of one consisting of winners and losers..." which showed him to be an ethical and essential member in the fight against apartheid. Inevitably both Nelson Mandela's and President de Klerk's roles in the fight against apartheid were completely different, Nelson was very important as he was an idol and an amazing campaigner he gave up his life for the cause and this made others fight against apartheid too, whereas De Klerk was the person that actually passed the laws and actually ended apartheid. All things considered, even though De Klerk was the person that actually legally ended apartheid I think that it was Nelson Mandela that was the most important person as he fought all his life and was a symbol of hope and idolization to all other protesters. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Compare and contrast the Chartist and Anti -Corn Law League movements. Explain and illustrate ...

    One of their faults was the support of radicals. Instead of being committed to the cause of repeal of the Corn Laws, they were more intent on creating a class war. This would have damaged the respectability of movement. The Chartists had more weaknesses.

  2. How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa ...

    South Africa needed the support of these countries if they wanted to stay strong. They decided to keep peace with all of the countries, whatever their race, they improved the SADF (South African Defence Force) and it raided across the border frequently.

  1. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    This was a marginally significant event as it gave Nelson Mandela his first real glimpse into the deep-rooted injustice of the government. As it may have been said to have be the driving force which made him decide to take up an career in law where he begun his own

  2. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    population of the whites in South Africa and the country as a whole which is something they did not want. Even though it hit the blacks hard to start with it helped them in the long run, with giving them their rights and freedom.

  1. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    This was achieved in 1961, and it made the country that much more isolated from the rest of the continent. There was a lot of pressure from the United Nations on South Africa. The new black African nations wanted to see the back of apartheid and so each one joined the UN.

  2. How important was Nelson Mandela in bringing about the collapse of the apartheid system ...

    During the unrest of 1984-5 international companies began to leave South Africa, and when the Chase Manhattan Bank of New York severed its links with South Africa, a major financial crisis followed. The government was forced to take emergency financial measures that increased black unemployment and hit white incomes.

  1. The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you ...

    They issued the Lusaka Manifesto, which consisted of their plans for human equality in South Africa. Three of their points were to address "the denial of the principles of human equality", "a rejection of racialism, not a reversal of existing racial domination" and "peaceful protest is blocked".

  2. How far has the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 influenced South Africa's social, ...

    Everything was segregated. Blacks rarely had plumbing and electricity; the hospitals were segregated with the white hospitals matching up to the modern hospitals of the western world whereas non-white hospitals were very basic and under funded places. Public facilities such as swimming pools and libraries were segregated; there were few black libraries and also accordingly many blacks were illiterate.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work