• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"Separatist groups, like the Basques, have had little success in their attempts to gain autonomy from the country of which they are presently part and have alienated people from their own culture and from the country as a whole

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"Separatist groups, like the Basques, have had little success in their attempts to gain autonomy from the country of which they are presently part and have alienated people from their own culture and from the country as a whole." In this essay I will be aiming to explain how separatist groups have had little success at gaining autonomy from the country which they are currently part of. Autonomy is the right to self government and therefore in my case study of the Basques I will assess whether they have in my opinion been able to achieve this. The Basque region consists of seven "herrialdes", or districts which, for political and administrative purposes, form part of two different more economically developed European countries: Araba, Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Nafarroa are in Spain, and Lapurdi, Zuberoa and Benafarroa are in France. Three of the Basque Country's seven historic territories, Araba, Bizkaia and Gipuzkoa, in the north of Spain, covering a total surface area of 7,233 square kilometres, are grouped together to form a political unit known as EUSKADI, or the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. ...read more.

Middle

With the area being inaccessible it needs to set up its own ports and economy which is strong with Bilbao the capital of the Basque region being the chief industrial place in Spain. Also Victoria is the city of exception urban design. In the beginning of the last century the Basque people were attracted to the republicans which advertised autonomy for votes and support and were given regional autonomy by the republican government in 1936. But a year later in 1937 the Basque people were overthrown by Franco's dictatorship, whereby he carried out reprisals including the outlawing of the Basque language, and he also ran the area as a police state executing intelligentsia and political leaders all the way through his reign until 1975. It led to the formation of ETA - Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque country and freedom) in 1959 and by the late 1960's ETA had declared war on the Spanish state via killings, bombings and kidnappings. They fight for the independence of the Basque region and it is estimated 800 deaths have been a result of ETA's battle against the state. ...read more.

Conclusion

Although in 1979 the Basque region gained some autonomy via the statue of the Spanish constitution. While there have been constant claims for autonomy in the Basque territory controlled by France, the French government has never conceded any degree of political control. This article, therefore, deals exclusively with the peninsular, or Spanish, area. The Spanish Basque territory is itself politically divided into two autonomous communities: the Statutory Community of Navarre and the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. ETA also had an impact upon the area, mainly the Basque region for which it wanted independence, it lead to extreme violence and still is a problem nowadays although there was a ceasefire in November 1999. ETA although a terrorist group has been listened to and has had some if not all of its aims met and autonomy even though not complete self government has occurred, it still has some freedoms. In my opinion I think that the Basque region could have a good and successful autonomy if the Spanish government let them try. The economy is strong and the social and cultural reasons for separatism are valid points. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    pay the damage caused by them, pay the wives of Maltese soldiers and pay the money owed to some merchants. The British illegal stay in Malta from 1800-1814 After the departure of the French on 7th September 1800, there where some countries, known as the Pretenders that conjured to take Malta under their hands.

  2. Has Spain’s system of Autonomous Communities created more problems than it has solved?

    For example, the Basques now have many attributes of self-determination, short of full independence. They have their own fiscal and tax-raising powers, their own legislature and ministries that provide public services within the context of policy laid down in Madrid12.

  1. A Short History of the Basque Country.

    The latter gained several victories over the Basques and founded Victoriacum in the year 581 in the proximity of present day Victoria, which was in turn founded by Sancho the Wise on the site of the ancient settlement of Gasteiz.

  2. Tiananmen Square

    The lights were turned off and tanks started crushing anything in their ways-students and Beijing residents. Source A is similar to source C. They both show that many students demonstrated in Tiananmen Square. Also in source A the students are said to have led a 'peaceful' protest, in the photograph

  1. PRESSURE GROUPS

    Pressure groups give normal people the opportunity to voice concerns to those in power. Since the general public is not allowed to participate in the discussions between pressure groups and policy-makers, it is therefore not possible to know what arguments have made those in power reach the decisions they do.

  2. Nationalism as applied to business

    On the other hand, it is also the 10th largest industrial country in the world, with the 3rd largest pool of scientific and technical professionals. The country has a well-established pharmaceutical industry and has made forays into the biotechnology sector, with support from the government as well as industry innovation.

  1. Zimbabwe is one country in which even after independence, the situation has not changed.

    He agreed for negotiations to solve this dispute. In 1979, negotiations were held at the Lancaster House Conference in Britain, whereby it was decided that a non-racial, fair election be called for in Southern Rhodesia. For the meantime, Southern Rhodesia was to be again considered as a British colony.

  2. The Business Culture of Germany

    In the following Peace Treaty of Versailles, Germany was held responsible for the war. Economic hardship due to both the peace conditions and to the world wide Great Depression is mostly pointed to as explanation why anti-democratic parties, both right-wing and left-wing, were increasingly supported by German opinion leaders and voters.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work