• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

South Africa 1945-1994 - "The End Of Apartheid".

Extracts from this document...


There were six factors that contributed to the end of Apartheid, and white majority rule in South Africa. They were: * Economic Sanctions * Nelson Mandela * Pressure from black protest within South Africa ad the activities of the ANC * The actions of de Klerk * International isolation, e.g. in sport * Collapse of Communism in the Soviet Union I have chosen to write about the pressures from black protest, and the actions of de Klerk. In the 1970's there was a growth of black resistance groups in South Africa. The Azanian People's Organization (AZAPO) was the successor of Black Consciousness. It stressed that blacks must free themselves from dependence on whites. This gave many blacks the confidence and support they needed to begin action against the white minority rule. Another group developing was the African National Party (ANC), who had previously been called the South African Native National Congress (SANNC). They looked forward to a future based on the Freedom Charter - a multi-racial, one-adult, one-vote democracy, leaning towards socialism. Even though this was banned, it was influencing blacks in the townships. ...read more.


Eventually in 1986, the nationalist government seemed to have the unrest under control. It was only after this that Nelson Mandela and the ANC began talks, which they realized had to be done to solve South Africa's problems. The violence and the government's reaction to it showed something had to be changed in South Africa. The government had only just restored law and order, which made it hard to continue with their policy of apartheid, which was the main cause of trouble in the first place. They realized that if they did not change the way things were, they would easily lose their country again, and may not find it so easy to get it back again. They also realized nothing had been done to meet any black demands. The new constitution was still in place, meaning blacks were still unhappy about the rent rises, and the black members of council, who they felt were traitors. The government had also brought in vigilantes to beat up the anti-apartheid protesters. This was a mistake, because although it solved the violence temporarily, the blacks were not going to be happy about it, because they were going to be persecuted for their beliefs. ...read more.


By January 1993, the government departments had abolished all other apartheid rules, and by November there was a new apartheid-free constitution. The first multi-racial, multi-party elections had even been planned for April 1994. By this time, apartheid seemed to be a thing of the past. Although it was going to take some time before all the white people would be happy with the equal situation, at least the government was in agreement with it, and as the government was so powerful, it seemed like it would not be long before the country was united again. However, although it seems as if de Klerk wanted equal power rights for all, he did not. He did not really know what he was doing; he thought whites could hole on to power through a new constitution. He also believed, as the ANC had so many different sorts of members, they would not be able to stay together, when it was the most secure black resistance party. Another point that added to the whites being in favour of the anti-apartheid rule, was the fact that Communist Russia had collapsed. This meant worries were destroyed about blacks causing a Communist government if they came to power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa ...

    The consequences of this were banning the ANC and the PAC with many leaders being arrested, including Mandela after he was captured while on the run. Many international countries took notice and condemned South Africa for the shootings. South Africa also left the Commonwealth.

  2. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    It made statements like 'In... South Africa, there is an open and continued denial of the principles of human equality' and '...a rejection of racialism, not a reversal of existing racial domination'. Without African Nationalism, black governments would not have replaced white governments; Macmillan's 'wind of change' speech - which

  1. In what ways were the lives of South Africans changed by the policy of ...

    Arrests and imprisonments followed, including that of Steve Biko who, who died in police custody. This was in some ways a new policy of Apartheid but with Verwoerd at the helm of this policy it was sure to be a whole new one.

  2. How far has the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 influenced South Africa's social, ...

    In May 1992 a white only referendum showed that two-thirds of the people wanted negotiations. Although this was a good thing, In this same month CODESA collapsed, and the ANC and National Party were in fundamental disagreement. The talks began again in March 1993.

  1. However before the 1950's the opposition for apartheid wasn't effective what so ever. This ...

    This ambition increased further as more protesters died at Langa and at other demonstrations. This showed that the opposition was growing and as a last ditch attempt to destroy all opposition of apartheid, the government banned the PAC, and the ANC.

  2. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    It also gave those fighting apartheid support and increased criticism of the South African government. Although this presentation only looks at the Mandela Campaign inside the UK, this is of importance as the AAM had c lose links with other AAMs and world bodies.

  1. Explain why did the Afrikaners set up and established an apartheid state, [in ...

    However, it was not so good for blacks. It kept the old voting system that meant that only a few wealthy blacks were allowed to vote, having hardly any influence on national law. On the other hand, since there were three Afrikaners to every two English-speaking whites led all white speaking governments from 1910 to1994 were lead by Afrikaners.

  2. The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you ...

    They issued the Lusaka Manifesto, which consisted of their plans for human equality in South Africa. Three of their points were to address "the denial of the principles of human equality", "a rejection of racialism, not a reversal of existing racial domination" and "peaceful protest is blocked".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work