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South Africa - Apartheid Sources Questions

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South Africa Question A From Source A, we can learn that the National Party thought that integration would lead to the ruin of the whites. 'Apartheid' meant the segregation of whites and blacks and the National Party were strong believers in this. The National Party's aim was to 'safeguard the White Race'. This tells us that the National Party were racist and wanted to rid of all other races apart from the whites. The National Party also stated that churches that were against the National Party's vision of Apartheid would not be tolerated. The National Party did not want people to be preached against Apartheid by religious figures which were strongly believed in by the public and therefore, any churches that did say Apartheid was wrong, would face lethal consequences. Another thing Source A tells us is that The National Party wanted schools and services for blacks put in reserves further into the centre of South Africa, so blacks would not need to be in the urban areas of South Africa, therefore not taking any jobs that the white people could have. So The National Party wanted all blacks to be removed from the 'white areas' and all be put together away from the main centres of South Africa so as not to be jeopardising any jobs, homes or schools meant for whites. Source A also says that any blacks that were in urban, 'white' areas, were to be seen as migrants and not allowed any rights. Therefore black people could not vote, own a home or business and were generally only used for jobs that were seen as undesirable for white people to do. So this meant that any black people who did live in the urban parts of South Africa had no rights at all and were treated as slaves and not citizens. In South Africa there were also Indian people, who had been born there and lived there all their life. ...read more.


This shows us that Apartheid only valued white children's education and thought it was more important than coloured, asian people or black children. The black children only received an annual average of �8.99, which meant that black children had the worst education and that they had no resources. We can trust Source G because it makes the South African government look bad and can easily be checked if any of the information was changed. Source G is useful because it shows us how education was for black children and it also shows us how Apartheid effected all ethnic groups and the attitudes towards this. Source I tells us what information was in the Pass Books and who had to carry them. The Pass Books had to be carried by all black Africans aged over 16 living outside a Bantustan. It was another form of identification but more extreme, and did not have to be issued to white people. This suggests that Apartheid forced black people to prove themselves to others. They had no privacy and it was also a form of controlling where black people could go. We can trust what Source I says because it is just factual information and not making anyone look good or bad. Source I is quite useful because it shows us the extent the government went to to control black people. Source D is part of a poem entitled, 'Dr Verwoerd, Minister for Native Affairs'. It was published in a magazine called 'Bantu' in the 1960s. This magazine was distributed free to all schools. Source D tells us that Apartheid is a good thing and that it protects blacks and gives them good education and laws. This Source suggests that Apartheid was indoctrinating children, making them think that Apartheid was best for them and that it was a good thing. We cannot trust what Source D says because it is propaganda made by the government to make Apartheid look good and that everyone should believe in it. ...read more.


One of these townships was called SOWETO (SOuth WEstern TOwnship). This was a township near the city of Johannesburg. The schools in SOWETO were very badly resourced. Class numbers were huge, as many as 100 children were in a class at a time with only 1 teacher. There were hardly any textbooks or good qualified teachers. In 1976, all the schools in SOWETO were told that half of their subjects would have to be taught in Afrikaans. This angered the children of SOWETO deeply and lead to marches, school boycotts, rioting, school burnings and attacks on the police and government buildings. By the end of the year, the police had killed 576 of the demonstrators and had wounded 2389. Most of these demonstrators were teenagers. Another of these townships to have great amounts of violence inflicted upon them was Sharpeville. In 1960 the PAC organised a demonstration in Sharpeville outside the local police station. The demonstration was to protest about the Pass Laws and 5,000 people met outside the police station. The events are a little unclear but soon the police opened fire on the crowd of 5,000 which killed 69 people and injured 180. There was a huge public reaction against the government in South Africa and many countries around the world condemned it too. The government's response to the massacre, which the police had inflicted upon the crowd, was to ban the ANC and PAC. The government also arrested 18,000 people and declared a State of Emergency, which gave the police more power. This declared 'State of Emergency' cost the government even more huge amounts of money thus, damaging their economy even more so. In conclusion, my evidence shows that Apartheid had no benefits for South Africa and harmed not only its economy, opportunities, respect and overseas connections but it lost the lives, dignity, equality and privacy of many innocent South Africans who did not deserve to be discriminated against because of their ethnicity. All of humanity suffers by the infliction of prejudice. Nina Ryner ...read more.

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