• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

South Africa - Past, Present and Future

Extracts from this document...


Carly Hill South Africa - Past, Present and Future Part 1 - The Past The first part of my coursework is going to be about South Africa in the past. I will be looking at Crime in South Africa, how it all started and how it got to the point it is today. It all started in 1652, the first white settlers, who were Dutch, arrived at the Cape of Good Hope. After 20 years they then bought the area for about �800. The settlers thought of black people as slaves and they would steal their land and then force the black people who had lost it to work for the Dutch people who had took it. I think this was very cruel and from 1658 onwards the Dutch also imported Black slaves. Immigration was also stopped in 1707 for over 100 years. Over time the settlers didn't really have much contact with Europe and so basically just stuck to the ways of the early settlers. However this all changed in 1806, the British captured the Cape and in 1814 bought it from the Dutch. It became part of the British Empire and this meant the Dutch would have to obey British Laws. This was how a conflict started between white (British) ...read more.


In 1926 a law was made that stopped black and Asians doing skilled jobs. Then in 1927 a law that banned sexual intercourse between black and whites. These were only some acts that the government passed and they only led to worser things. However in 1948 the government had accepted a report saying that total segregation of blacks and whites was impossible but the Purified National Party did not agree. This was the start of Apartheid. Apartheid was put into practise in 1948 it meant not only separateness but also total domination of other races. Over the years the government kept making new laws to keep whites in charge. These laws included the - Population registration act (1950) - Prohibition of mixed marriages act (1949) - Immorality Amendment act (1950) - Group areas act (1950) - Pass Laws etc. All of the laws basically did the same thing, which was kept whites separate from blacks. The black people knew they couldn't live like this but they didn't have much choice. In 1952, 8065 volunteers deliberately broke various Apartheid laws and each went to jail for a week or two and because the black people reacted like this the government came back at them with a new law - the criminal amendment act (1953), Things seemed to be getting worse and worse for the black people. ...read more.


This happened the same year as a new law was passed it was known as the sabotage act. This resulted in the defendants at the rivonia trial to be accused of sabotage. Mandela was also accused and in the end admitted being involved with MK. He was sentenced to life imprisonment. Then on 11th February 1990 he was released after 27 years and president de Klerk lifted the ban on the ANC and began to demolish petty apartheid. The ANC and the national party soon began talks about forming a new multi-racial democracy for South Africa. However violent clashes broke out between supporters of the Inkatha freedom Party, a Zulu group led by chief Buthelezi and ANC supporters. Despite attempts to resolve the problems through talks the violence soon grew and the Inkatha targeted ANC, with support from the white police. Over the time relations with de Klerk grew tense but the two leaders still continued to meet. Despite the violence there was progress and in February 1991 de Klerk announced that the last Apartheid laws would be scrapped. In 1994 South Africa rejoined the United Nations and the commonwealth, Apartheid was finally over and most of the success was down to Mandela. He did a lot to improve life for the blacks but also not upset white businessmen. The people now hoped they could live a life of freedom and peace. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    So in conclusion, both of these factors helped in the eradication of apartheid. They both also linked to one another. External pressures were quite great, and De Klerk realised this. He took actions to improve the well being of many people and obviously other countries had noticed this hence sanctions

  2. The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of ...

    Also, tax payers money was splashed out on buying expensive luxury properties in Miami, Cannes, London, Soweto and South Africa to entertain friends and client of the South African government. Of course this puppetry could not last forever, and Vorster was found out.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    Hence these companies transferred their work base in Malta. The amount of prosperity can also be seen in the setting up of two banks, which were the Banco di Malta and the Banco Anglo-Maltese. However during these years of prosperity, some problems accounted the British.

  2. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    In addition, de Klerk's National Party was losing support. In the 1989 elections, they had their worst result since 1948. De Klerk knew he would have to either support change, or return to strict apartheid rule. President de Klerk was important in the removal of apartheid in some respects as

  1. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    The churches, having powerfully rebuked the apartheid regime during the years of occupation, failed to rebuke the oppressive elements within SWAPO's leadership. This resulted in a great deal of embarrassment and a loss of respect in the Council of Churches in Namibia (CCN), most notably following the Detainee Crisis.

  2. Russia - political past, present and future

    This created the great deal of ambivalence. Some were extremely shocked by the western life and admired it, whereas others tremendously hated it and regarded as being evil. However, Peter's reign was unfortunately too short to convince and alter the well-established Russian autocratic mentality.

  1. South Africa 1945-1994 - "The End Of Apartheid".

    If South Africa carried on as it had been, nothing would get solved, and there would be permanent unrest. F.W. de Klerk was elected Prime Minister of South Africa in September 1989. He realized something had to be done about the country's situation, and he decided to take action, unlike his predecessors.

  2. History Coursework Assignment South Africa 1945-1994

    While in prison, Mandela, along with several others, was convicted of sabotage and treason. Mandela stood up in the dock and read a speech out to the court that lasted four and a half hours. He talked of his views on xapartheid and what apartheid was doing to blacks, his speech was then published worldwide.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work