• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Achievement of National Interests

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ACHIEVEMENT OF NATIONAL INTERESTS States use a vast range of instruments to achieve their national interests including; military, political and diplomatic forms of power. To understand why states use these instruments to influence their neighbours and the global community at large, it is important to note the differences between these mechanisms and the way in which each one brings about change in the international arena. Military force has frequently been used as a deterrent and threat to fellow states. Use of military force may involve the publication of documents which outline future military hardware purchases, the public testing of military technologies or an increase in military spending as a percentage of GDP. In the Asia-Pacific region we have seen many such examples. Recently in early 2009, Pyongyang was condemned by the wider international community for launching provocative ballistic missile tests into the Sea of Japan. ...read more.

Middle

Political clout is often used along side diplomatic or military instruments in order to achieve a state's national interests. Political instruments take a number of forms; developing new policy, influencing international organisations and gathering support from the global community to aid the particular state's cause. In January 2008 the Chinese government passed new policy to allow greater accessibility for foreign direct investment (FDI). An softened approach for FDI in China enabled even more multinational companies (most based in the United States) to build offices and production facilities in China which not only increased the companies' profit through lower labour costs but also further expanded the Chinese economy through additional revenue and higher-grade infrastructure. The new policy created by the Chinese government was passed in the nation's desire to achieve one of its primary national interests; economic growth. While political power can be used for instances that benefit all stakeholders, it can also be used to manipulate the political processes of the international community. ...read more.

Conclusion

Diplomatic influence plays a important part in the balance of international relations around the globe. As Taiwan struggles for independence from the PRC, diplomatic instruments have been used by both sides to garner support for their own recognition. Notably, China has exercised its diplomatic power in states that recognise the ROC by closing the local Chinese embassy, and recalling the Chinese ambassador. These symbolic gestures carry a huge weight in the international community and are an effective measure to gain and maintain support and recognition. In July 2009, the arrest of Stern Hu, an Australian business man of Chinese origin hit the news-stand in Australia with quite an impact. Although Hu is currently yet to be charged, the incident and the intense political and diplomatic negotiations that surround it will not only decide the fate of Stern Hu, but also illustrate which of the two states involved can exercise the greater diplomatic authority. As states pursue their national interests, they use a plethora of military, political and diplomatic tactics to influence other states and manipulate the international community. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How has the role and impact of military rulers and civilian politicians differed in ...

    without American assistance."6 It is quite amaizing that no real attempt was made by the previous civil governments to transfer the power to the people at grass root level. The first attempt to do so was made by Military General Ayub Khan through his Basic Democracy System 7 .

  2. Nationalism Was More Important As A Product Rather Than A Cause Of National Unification ...

    Even absolute monarchs did not rule absolutely, supposedly ruling through a council of ministers and feudal legislatures, but as their actions were not subject to a parliament, free will often had a part to play. In Prussia especially, the council of ministers paradoxically claimed to be the true servants of

  1. Democratic Processes.

    Other ideologies that the conservative party have is that they think it is important to have a strong army in order to be effective in fighting in conflicts and have criticised the labour government for reducing the army (strategic defence review 1998 and 'options for change 1990).

  2. Critically evaluate the impact of the National Lottery since its inception on the arts ...

    Other programmes run by the Arts Council are Grants to Organisations, awarding grants mostly under �30,000 to organisational development and research; Grants to Individuals, including residencies, bursaries and arts projects led by individuals with awards from �200 - �30,000; Grants for National Touring, for any art form that tours two

  1. The siege of the Iranian Embassy

    Trevor lock then attempted to arrest the terrorist but the SAS soldiers pushed Trevor Lock off and then shot the terrorist dead. As SAS soldiers swept through the building, another terrorist was shot 21 times as he pointed a Browning pistol at the SAS team.

  2. "China's economic liberalisation is leading to the emergence of new socio-political interests and will ...

    Profit became something to be desired not despised. The changes mentioned so far have been limited to the urban sector of China but farming has also been liberalised to a degree. Land leases are longer and can be bought and sold under supervision.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work