• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of Nelson Mandela

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The ending of white minority rule in South Africa was achieved only because of Nelson Mandela. Do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer in detail. Apartheid was a major historical event, and perhaps the biggest event in South Africa's history. Apartheid is a policy of racial segregation, the word means 'separateness' in Afrikaans. It was introduced in 1948 by the white minority and made sure that the whites were superior in every possible way. However, the whites ruled over the blacks before this, using them as slaves for agricultural work and mining during the 1800s, and such racism was not new. Apartheid did not last for fifty years, and it was officially abolished in 1994. This was because the black people fought back, the most memorable and famous black person to do so being a man called Nelson Mandela. He went on to become the president of South Africa with a strong feeling of the country being free at last. This essay will discuss whether Mandela was the soul reason for Apartheid being abolished, and what he did to aid it. Nelson Mandela was born on July 18th 1918, in a remote village. He studied law at the University of Witwatersrand, this led him to set up the first black law firm in Johannesburg, where he fought court cases for wrongly treated black people. In 1947, Mandela became the African National Congress' (ANC) Youth Secretary, and although the government banned Mandela from the ANC three times, he carried on working for it. ...read more.

Middle

The government was forced to impale itself on its own sword - it undermined apartheid laws and gave black people the jobs that they had previously been banned from. Blacks realised that this gave them more power to bargain for better conditions and higher wages. Between 1973 and 1975, illegal black trade unions even went on widespread strikes! Vorster became uneasy and unsettled about this new-found power and so he set up two investigations - the Riekert and Wiehahn Commissions, to find out about the strikes and shortage of labour. This proved to be a big mistake, as in 1979 they recommended ditching the laws that reserved jobs for white people and also legalising African trade unions. By changing these laws, the government itself started the downfall of apartheid. In 1973, Vorster made the biggest mistake of his career - The Muldergate scandal. This scandal was a huge scale 'propaganda war' to make apartheid look good and silence critics in South Africa. It took its name from the supporter of the plan - Dr Connie Mulder (Vorster's Minister of Information). In total it cost the South African government 64 million rand (�40 million), this was spent on bribes, projects and more bribes. South African tax payers money was used to buy shares in an international news agency and to buy newspapers and magazines in South Africa, the USA, Norway, Britain, France and Germany. This way the government could control what was said in this media and published apartheid propaganda. Much money was spent on bribing politicians in the USA, Britain, Japan and the Seychelles. ...read more.

Conclusion

His ways earned him much respect from white people and black people, and in 1961 he was given the Nobel Peace Prize. Also, a Father Trevor Huddleston who was a white priest who worked in a black township between 1944 and 1956. He fought relentlessly for the rights of black people, and because he was so outspoken he was in constant conflict with the government and the police. He brought the attention of the world to the disgusting happenings in South Africa in a book about his experiences called Naught for your Comfort. Women also took part in the struggle to end apartheid. Margaret Ballinger and Helen Suzman were two white women who worked hard against apartheid. Lillian Ngoyi and Helen Jospeh organised a rally against apartheid, which 20,000 women joined. Therefore, apartheid cannot be attributed to one person, as many helped to finally shut down apartheid. Like Mandela, F.W. de Klerk may have played a vital role in this, but the ending of apartheid was clearly not just down to him. In conclusion to this essay, I disagree that the ending of Apartheid could be purely attributed to Mandela. I believe that all the factors discussed in this essay added together to end apartheid and if one was removed then it might not have happened when it did. African Nationalism helped the white governments to be replaced with black governments, and helped black people to join major organisations such as the UN. Also, I believe that African Nationalism strongly influenced Mandela and many others. Therefore, this leads me to conclude that African Nationalism may have been the most important reason to ending apartheid, but without all of the other reasons, it may not have been so effective. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How important was the opposition of other countries in bringing apartheid in South Africa ...

    They were very extreme and similar to the Nazis. With the growth in opposition, Apartheid was becoming weaker. International opposition was a long term cause for the collapse of Apartheid. The international community first took notice of Apartheid after the Sharpeville massacre. On the 21st March 1960 in Sharpeville, near Johannesburg, police killed 69 protestors.

  2. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    While churches in the West tend to stand outside the political realm, those in Southern Africa do not draw such a dichotomous relationship between religion and politics. For example, Nelson Mandela has called the Church '...a midwife to democracy'.6 Jos� Chipenda, the General Secretary of the All-African Council of Churches

  1. In what ways were the lives of South Africans changed by the policy of ...

    He was able to create a second phase of apartheid. His aim was to make apartheid internationally respected. He was going to do this by making the blacks develop by themselves in separate 'homelands', which he wanted to become independent nations otherwise known as 'Bantustans'.

  2. How far has the release of Nelson Mandela in 1990 influenced South Africa's social, ...

    Everything was segregated. Blacks rarely had plumbing and electricity; the hospitals were segregated with the white hospitals matching up to the modern hospitals of the western world whereas non-white hospitals were very basic and under funded places. Public facilities such as swimming pools and libraries were segregated; there were few black libraries and also accordingly many blacks were illiterate.

  1. However before the 1950's the opposition for apartheid wasn't effective what so ever. This ...

    they were in a public area made them not wants to go out. It made the blacks feel not wanted. Also in 1950 the group area's act was brought in so blacks had to move off whites only land, and if they refused they could be forcefully be moved by police.

  2. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    In 1947 Nelson Mandela became the youth league secretary of the African National Congress (ANC). During the 1950's, Mandela was the victim of various forms of repression; he was chosen as a "volunteer-in-chief" for the Defiance campaign in 1952. As a result, he was tried under the suppression of Communism Act.

  1. Explain why did the Afrikaners set up and established an apartheid state, [in ...

    In fact, many politicians supported it in South Africa. Yet, it would be a surprise if segregation policies were fully put into action, as black workers were needed in the factories. Hence, forced segregation would be an economic disaster. It was also necessary for black servants to live in towns, as they were needed for work in the houses of rich white people.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    Similar practices for regulating more routine aspects of business operations, such as registration (one-stop registration) and workplace safety (simple and clear rules for site inspections), are crucial limiting harassment of businesses by bureaucrats and promoting new entry and growth. For all types of regulation, firms should be provided with low-cost methods of disputing administrative decisions.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work