• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The executive is the dominant policy actor in the HKSAR, other policy actors exert little influence on the policymaking process.-> Do you agree with this statement?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

PA201 (1) CHAN Sau-fung (S05012153) Assignment 1 "The executive is the dominant policy actor in the HKSAR, other policy actors exert little influence on the policymaking process." Do you agree with this statement? After a century and a half of British administration, Hong Kong became a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China on July 1, 1997. Under the Basic Law, the SAR enjoys a high degree of autonomy except in defence and foreign affairs. Besides, the economic, legal and social system will be maintained for 50 years. The Government Structure after 1997 The HKSAR of the People's Republic of China is headed by the Chief Executive who is advised on major policy decisions by the Executive Council. The HKSAR has a two-tier system of representative government. At the central level is the Legislative Council which legislates, controls public expenditure and monitors the performance of the Administration. At the district level, 18 districts councils advise on the implementation of policies under their purview. The Administration represents the executive arm of the Government. It is organized into 11 policy bureaux & 61 Departments and other service delivery agents. The bureaux are responsible for formulating policies and initiate legislative proposals while the departments are responsible for the implementation of laws, policies and provide direct services to the community. ...read more.

Middle

The organizers of the July 1 demonstration used the slogan "Against Article 23, return power to the people" to capture the aims of the demonstration. "Against Article 23" is a very concrete and clear goal. "Return power to the people" seems to be relatively more abstract. However, given the political situation in Hong Kong, "return power to the people" can be understood as involving an opposition to ex-Chief Executive Tung Chee-hwa's administration. He attempted to force the legislation on this issue despite strong opposition from the society and the Tung administration is not compatible with the common interests of Hong Kong people. The Executive has the power to govern, but it has no votes in the Legislature. The Legislators possess the votes to support or veto a Government Proposal, but they have no power to initiate action. At present, there are 60 members in the Legislative Council with 24 members returned by geographical constituencies through direct elections, 30 members by functional constituencies and six members by an election comprising 800 elected representatives of the community. The composition is discordant and factional with no majority party and no clear positioning. The governing power remained vested in the hands of the executive and that is the reason why Hong Kong has an executive-led Government, with the legislature only providing the check and balance. ...read more.

Conclusion

opinions and attitudes of the particular sections of society likely to be affected by any policy before the detailed drafting of a bill takes place. Hence, the government can anticipate and foresee the problems and if possible, to find out the solutions before the proposal is enacted into law. Conclusion Given the relations of the HKSAR government and its sovereign state, the China, most of the policy introduced actually relied on the jurisdiction of the sovereignty and the degree to which the Central Government in Beijing could exercise a high a degree of self-restraint. Moreover, taking into the consideration of the relationship between the Chief Executive and the government legislative structure and well as the composition of the Legislative Council, all of these supports an executive- dominate government. The Executive is the dominant policy actor in the HKSAR whereas other policy actors exert little influence on the policymaking process. PA201 (1) CHAN Sau-fung (S05012153) Reference: (1) Public Management & Administration (an introduction), Owen E. Hughes (2) The government and politics of HK (5 th edition), Norman Miners (3) Political Development of HK Programme: http://www.cuhk.hk/hkiaps/POLITICA/pol10.htm (4) Pick the top 10 government events of the year: http://www.wenweipo.com/special/topten2004/e-index.html (5) Report on the HK electoral system: http://www.democracy.org.hk/pastweek/dec13_19/hrm_report.htm (6) The government of HKSAR: http://www.emb.gov.hk/ (7) Policy research and think tanks: http://www.hkpri.org.hk/bulletin/1/anthony.html ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How much influence does the media have on the political process

    A media phenomenon in America, that captures the unhappy viewers, and arguably one of the few influential TV shows that appears to have any concern for the public interest is The Daily Show with Jon Stewart. Although it is a comedy show it is "often cited as the only source of news for many television viewers"[3].

  2. Is the Media an independent political actor?

    We will then address how the privileged few use their independence to hold accountable and even challenge the elite, or not as the case increasingly seems. The press is generally regarded as having political leanings and this is displayed in various Political study publishing's where various newspapers are tabled as pro-Labour or pro-Conservative.

  1. The Impact of Electoral Design on the Legislature.

    It benefits broadly-based political parties, who must try to attract a majority of votes in a given race by acting as umbrellas to different interests -- rather than encouraging smaller parties that might exacerbate ethnic, religious or regional differences. Facilitates minority party representation.

  2. Free essay

    Outline the principal sources of authority available to US presidents. How similar is executive ...

    their limited resources of authority; much depends upon the skill with which a president is able to bring political influence and persuasion to bear. However, the most important controlling factor of the president's level of authority is his relationship with other key political actors.

  1. Assess the effectiveness of methods other than direct action which a pressure group may ...

    The next most important tactic is the use of a celebrity or well known figure to lead or be an important member of your group. This is very good at raising awareness for the groups as the followers of the celebrity will become apparent to their cause.

  2. Nicholas Fraser and Marysa Navarro's biography Evita is a cogent work that incorporates the ...

    circumstances, Eva became the integral link between unions, the masses and Peron, and was thus just as integral to Peronism as Peron himself. Evita Peron's life and political ambitions of becoming vice president were cut short, however, in 1952 by cancer of the uterus.

  1. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    Corrupt behavior is often difficult to detect, especially in countries where transactions are obscured through the use of barter and other money surrogates as the means of payment. A wide array of corporate governance reforms have proven directive in curbing both incentives and opportunities for corruption, including: public disclosure of

  2. Legislators have three essential functions: representation, law-making and control of the executive. How does ...

    bill to which the Bundesrat may lodge an objection or for which its consent is required is thus a key aspect of the legislative process and may determine whether the Bundestag in fact succeeds in having a bill passed. It is, however, not always easy to determine into which category the bill falls.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work