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'The House of Commons most important function is to participate in the law making process' Give arguments for and against this view

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13th September 2005 Louise Collins 'The House of Commons most important function is to participate in the law making process' Give arguments for and against this view Parliament is described as the 'legislature'; this suggests its main role is to make laws. However, the legislative procedure process is a relatively small part of its functions. The House of Commons, in particular, plays a much wider role in the British political system than the term 'legislature' suggests. There are many different functions undertaken by the House of Commons. The House of Commons plays an important role in law making; they do not legislate, however, they can put forward bills to the House of Lords. Two circumstances apply to this: The first being a Private Members' Bill, this is when a bill is introduced by an individual MP and the second is a free vote, this is when MPs are allowed to make up their own minds without the interference of the whips but by no means is the House of Commons a law-maker in the true sense of the word. The House of Commons' most important function could, therefore, be law making; Private members' bills do allow for a few important legislatures, as singular MPs have been listened to. ...read more.


The House of Commons doesn't have to be a member of the government, so, the government don't have to sponsor the bill but they can't object to it being put forward. Most of the time the bill wouldn't get past without government support but publicity would beckon. However, Government legislation always takes priority over the legislation set about by in the House of Commons; it is seen that government issues are far more important than those in the House of Commons so if there isn't enough time for the government to introduce or debate these bills, then they are left. It is not the place of the House of Commons to make their own bills whilst they should be supporting the government with theirs. There are two primary roles of the House of Commons and they are to support the government and not make opposing views, for example, Tony Blair would have wanted support during the Iraqi war debate but instead the majority of Parliament voted against a war and to act as a monitor for the government. The House of Commons is there to monitor the government and check its policies and legislations, they are a role of security among parliament and if too little time is given to this role, then mistakes would be made by the government, possibly very important ones. ...read more.


The House of Commons makes the government accountable, the government have to answer to them in order for new actions and policies to be justified or left open to debate, and this is a security blanket for the government. Representation; the House of Commons has to represent the nation, and, as such, when an issue is debated the nation are indirectly involved, they uphold the rights of the nation. Redress of grievances gives individuals the chance to air their dissatisfaction at certain governing bodies, therefore, being an outlet for complaints and people to air their opinions, so the same mistakes won't be made in the future. Also, the influence of the House of Commons can help minority groups to have a fair say in many debates, many MP s are sponsored by these minority groups. In conclusion, I think that a collaboration of all the functions is more important than having just one main role in the House of Commons, they all add to the way parliament is run and keep the machine running. Each function has a separate purpose that helps in its own way, if one was taken as a priority then other functions would begin to fail, which would, more often than not, be needed in the successful running of parliament. ...read more.

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