• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Interrelationship between the Meiji period and the Militarist Period

Extracts from this document...


The Interrelationship between the Meiji period and the Militarist Period 1.) The Meiji Constitution 1. The Meiji Period and the Militarist Period are inter-related. According to the Meiji Constitution of 1889, the ministries of the army and navy were to directly report to the emperor, and the successors of the army and navy ministers should be selected from soldiers in active duty. Thus, the soldiers acquired an important position in the political scene. 2. The Privy Council was the highest advisory body of the state. In the late 1920s and early1930s, the Council was determined to make use of the firm policies of the militarist government to exterminate the challenges of the extremists who might destroy the constitution and threaten the basis of society. ...read more.


2.) The Military Reforms 1. In addition, ever since the Meiji Period, Japan had emphasized extreme nationalism and honoured the supremacy of national community. Towards foreign countries, Japan stressed her natural duty to rescue other nationalistic thought incited rise in militarism. 2. The army and navy emphasized the ancient spirit of Bushido to raise the morale of the soldiers and sailors. They were expected to be obedient to their superiors and loyal to the emperor. They were taught to be honourable to die for the country. This gave rise to extreme nationalist feelings among the military. This stimulated the Japanese aggression towards her neighbours in the 1890s and her desire to attain world power status. ...read more.


4.) Economic reforms 1. Japanese industrialists supported overseas expansions for getting raw materials to secure overseas markets for their manufactured goods and to find overseas investment opportunities. Japan became more aggressive and expansionist. 2. The zaibatsu families would be rewarded by a grateful imperial government with political power and commercial privileges. Many of the government-initiated heavy manufacturing industries were later sold to zaibatsu families at generous prices, and the government maintained only indirect control over defence-related industries. The economic domination of the zaibatsu became more prominent. 3. Later, the zaibatsu colluded with the warlords to control the government. They advocated the removal of party politics, implemented hard-line diplomacy and actively engaged in foreign aggression. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. To what extent did the weakness of the Japanese government in the 1920's contribute ...

    There was a multitude of underlying causes that contributed to the rise of militarism in the 1930s. Firstly, the tradition of Japan had already set the backcloth of the Reishauer, after hundred years of rule by men with swords, Japan was not yet free from its traditions.

  2. Analyse the causes of Mexico's instability in the period 1821-1855

    In times of emergency the president could assume the power of a dictator under law and the term emergency was very vaguely defined which would later invite abuse. Finally the constitution guaranteed the continuance of fueros, such that if the clergy or soldiers committed a crime they could not be

  1. Analyse voting behaviour in the period 1945-2001

    In 1992 72% of Asian voters supported Labour. Although there are grounds for thinking that non-manually employed Asians will gradually deflect. Tough conservative legislation on Asylum seekers and immigration prior to the 1999 election led some people to fear that the "race card' might be played during the campaign in a desperate bid to exploit anti-immigrant attitudes in order to rebuild conservative support.

  2. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    The opening of government and missionary schools competed directly with the Buddhist schools. The cultural inroads made by the British wee opposed by the Buddhist monks whose monasteries became centres of resentful opposition to the West. 2. The monks or pongyis were also involved in the nationalist movement for when

  1. Chartist aims and methods - Source related study.

    Lovett himself was a cabinet-maker and Attwood a banker. They aimed to put pressure on the government by massive but peaceful agitation, and the Charter itself was largely the work of Lovett. The Birmingham Political Union had been founded to agitate for the 1832 Reform Act, and it was now revived under Attwood.

  2. Asian Values in Singaporean Perspective.

    He links liberal democracy that includes a free press, for example, with the perceived moral degradation in the West. In this concept the government is seen as family and therefore liberal democratic practices are rejected. However, without trying to judge either way by attaching labels, the West has transformed more

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    bishop or he wanted to keep Gozo free from the British and the National Congress. In October 1798 after the arrival of Nelson, the French surrendered Gozo and concentrated on Malta. In Malta the last months of 1798 were radical, as the Maltese were not only short of ammunition and

  2. Account for the rise of militarism in Japan during the 1930s.

    In 1871 feudalism and class distinctions were abolished. Japan became a centralized unitary?? nation-state. Compulsory education was introduced in 1871. Feudal samurai were disbanded?? in 1876. All the people paid loyalty to the emperor only. Conscription??? was implemented in 1873, which spread Bushido???

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work