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'The new type of voter was critical to the development of political parties 1867-1900.' Discuss

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Introduction

'The new type of voter was critical to the development of political parties 1867-1900.' Discuss During this period of time two major political reform took place which considerably increased the size of the new electorate. One in 1867 and one in 1884. With the increase in size of the electorate it was inevitable that there would be a whole new type of voter made. This new voter consisted mainly of the middle class or the more successful working class that formed the new businessman class that had evolved during the industrial revolution. Political parties could no longer control the votes as they did before the acts. There were too many voters to all be influenced and as a consequence the political parties of Britain needed to change to suit the new type of voter. Both the conservative and liberal parties made radical changes to the party system and even allowed women's groups. The largest development if a political party was the emergence of the labour party. ...read more.

Middle

This collection of the local councils was called the National Union of Conservative and Constitutional Associations. John Gorst who became the main party agent led it in 1870 and set up the Conservative central office, which was used to coordinate propaganda and funding to all those councils now under its control. Gorst and Disraeli also felt that with the new party structure they had developed they also needed a new philosophy that the new voters would approve of. 'One Nation Toryism was introduced to strengthen the conservatives already established idea of 'Tory Democracy' it was felt both these combined would help the Tories win over the new voter. The liberals could not sit by and allow such changes to happen without them and so the liberals made many changes to their party as well. Between 1887 and 1884 the liberal party also developed on a large scale firstly as a response to the Tory party changes but also as a way to bring their party closer, try and settle internal disputes which had been going on for a while and then sell themselves to the voters. ...read more.

Conclusion

John Gaust and Joeseph Chamberlain realised the need to go out and sell their vote to the new voters and allow them to be a part of British politics. Not only the structure of the parties changed but their ideologies changed as well. Tory Democracy and New liberalism were both designed to influence the electorate and gain the respective parties votes. The change in ideologies can also be seen when the Tory party allow the formation of the primrose league and their more liberal stance on women's votes. The new voter lead to other changes in politics such as the beginning of a third major party that would grow and grow as the electorate got given to more and more working class. The labour party did not succeed at gaining power until the 1920's but they did start out at this time. All of these changes can be linked back to the simple fact that there was no longer the opportunity of buying the electorate and the new voter had become critical to the development of political parties. A.Greb ...read more.

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