• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The planning system that operates in England

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

THE PLANNING SYSTEM On researching the planning system that operates in England, it is evident that it is a very complex structure. This planning system is currently going through radical reform, with the government promoting the benefits that this will bring. However, many activist groups are sceptical and openly object to the new structural reforms. 'The planning system is effectively becoming a three tier system, operating at a central government, a regional and a local level', (College of Estate Management). At central government level planning issues are dealt with by the government office, with the Secretary of State, Department of Transport, Local Government and the Regions (DTLR) presiding. For most matters, powers are left in the hands of the local councils, with day-to-day planning control sanctioned by the district or unitary councils, the Local Planning Authorities (LPA). The Town and Country Planning Act 1990 and the subsequent Planning and Compensation Act 1991 contain details of how the planning system should operate in England, (plan led). Development plans are at the heart of the system; these plans aim to give a measure of certainty and predictability. Development plans, reviewed typically every five to ten years, inform developers and residents how the LPA sees its area changing or not within that period. ...read more.

Middle

Rules on development are often unclear; some development plans need planning consent, others do not. Speed and predictability - over 90% of councils do not meet their target, 80% of planning applications should be decided within 8 weeks. Applications lack predictability because the criteria, on which they are judged, are not transparent. The current plan led system was introduced in 1991, although some authorities have yet to put their plan in place, mainly due to plans being time consuming and costly to produce and the appeals system being slow, taking from 17 - 31 weeks to resolve an appeal. Customer focus and standards - user-friendly, straightforward advice is hard to find when submitting plans. Once these plans have been submitted, keeping track of their progress is extremely difficult. Many local planning departments are inundated with housing applicants, thus leaving less time to spend on complex industrial/commercial plans. It is evident that there is a skill and resource shortage; many elected councillors do not have the relevant training. Enforcement - People avoiding planning controls undermine confidence in the system; effective action needs to be taken to restore confidence. The recommendations in these consultation papers have led to the publication of 'The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Bill', which will take these proposals forward, and is expected to come into force by April 2004. ...read more.

Conclusion

So planning powers will be transferred from elected local authorities to unelected regional bodies. These powers will stay with these quangos unless regions opt for an elected regional assembly.'(3) www.lga.gov.uk. New localism or new centralism? planning and the regions The present system arguably comprises a needlessly complex system of overlapping controls, serving us well for over 50 years. With sustainable development at its core, it has and will protect our future generations' needs. It is my opinion that the proposed new system will not fair so well in the future. The government intends to implement business zones, seemingly a glorified version of the 1980s Enterprise Zones, which have not been a long-term nationwide success. The acceleration of development must have an impact on stability! The current system is far from perfect and there are suggestions that it can be improved without the need for radical reform, for instance, increasing the cost of planning applications, putting an end to twin tracking, increased and more effective enforcement procedures, to name but a few. It is essential that the promotion of sustainable development is central to the planning system. The reforms as they stand are preoccupied with regional and local guidance. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. DanielO’Connell – 1775 – 1847

    and a repetition of me tactics that had worked in the election of 1826, would give him victory. O'Connell's candidature at County Clare faced the government with an intolerable dilemma. Since O'Connell was a Roman Catholic he would be unable to take his seat in the House of Commons if elected without a change in the law - in effect.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    In her valedictory address in parliament the prime minister said that in the long absence of democracy the cancer of corruption was spreading into every sphere of national life and it was very different to red of it (Independent, 11th July).

  1. Critically evaluate the impact of the National Lottery since its inception on the arts ...

    or more Arts Council regions with up to �200,000; and Grants for Stabilisation and Recovery, aimed at "large-scale organisations that are central to arts provision in England and have a financial turnover of �250,000 or more and audiences in excess of 25,000 per year" (Guide to Arts Funding in England, 2003, http://www.culture.gov.uk/global/publications/archive_2003/arts_funding_guide.htm).

  2. The Uk policy making process.

    Once the whole Bill has been considered by a Standing Committee, it is then re-printed to include all the amendments which have been made, and returns to the Floor of the House of Commons for Report Stage so that the House has an opportunity to consider the amendments.

  1. Chartist aims and methods - Source related study.

    However, looking at the content the evidence is absolutely useless, it is uncertain and contradictory and the witness is obviously scared and confused. From the evidence he gives however, it seems that the Newport rising wasn't an event showing signs of Chartist power, but government control.

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    The events of 1848 seemed to prove the Slavophil point. The messianic theme in Slavophilism was easily corrupted. Originally, the Slavophils had been content just to indicate and criticise the evils of Western bourgeois society; their successors, the Panslavs, thought more in terms of conquest than of the peaceful transmission of ideas.

  1. Politics and Power notes on the UK system

    These institutions include the police, armed forces, civil service and judges; they are all apart of the state. Two different approaches to the state are pluralist and Marxist view. Pluralist: o Political power is spread out among these groups and no single one dominates.

  2. Nationalism as applied to business

    original states of the United States * a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country * (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell * of or relating to or characteristic of or inhabiting a colony * of animals who live in colonies, such as ants

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work