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The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870.

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Introduction

The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870 There were many problems facing Italy in 1870 after Unification took place when Rome was captured and became a part of Italy's kingdom and the states joined. One of the problems that the newly united Italy had to face was political. Italy was ruled by the Liberal elite. This was a problem because there was not a Liberal party, but groups of people from other parties made up the Liberal following. This made it hard for the Liberal rule to produce a majority when deciding legislation and therefore proportional representation didn't occur very often. Without proportional representation the majority of the population's wants and needs are not catered for and therefore not making them happy. Proportional representation also didn't occur because of the narrow electorate. Only 2% of the entire Italian population could vote. These people were males over the age of twenty-five that owned land and that could read and write. This kept the working class and women from voting. ...read more.

Middle

Another way of making more money to pay the debt was for industry to improve its productivity. This was not possible as Italy had an agrarian economy and with the land in the south not being as viable as in the north it was hard to produce a high income from industry. Italy had a lack in modernization and industrialization. It was hard to industrialize to make the money to pay the debt because the workforce was not educated; there were no raw materials and also no capital to start of industry and to educate the labour. This meant that wages were very low and poverty widespread. Unification worsened the matter as it brought free trade throughout the kingdom and led to the prices of the South's agricultural products to decrease. The South suffered a great deal and its industry was destroyed. With an ever-increasing ratio of poverty people especially in the south were migrating and peasant violence was high. This was a problem because the government had to pay out to suppress these issues with money they couldn't afford to spend. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Pope also had a lot of influence over Catholics in other countries such as France. This meant that the Italian government had a possible chance of external conflict and with a weak army and navy they would find it hard to defend themselves from possible attacks. The last problem facing Italy was that of new enemies. These were the Socialists and the Nationalists. The Socialists believed in equality and sharing wealth. The government was Liberal and they didn't like the idea of sharing wealth. The Socialist party established trade unions as the country started to Industrialised. This meant that the Socialist party gained a lot of support from the middle class and working class. Nationalists were right wing and they wanted the country to be properly united and also wanted a strong military. Both parties disliked the Liberals and posed a threat to the government with their increasing popularity of the population. All of these factors added to the newly united Italy's problems. Together they made it difficult for the government to keep the country happy and united. ...read more.

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