• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870.

Extracts from this document...


The Problems Facing the Newly United Italy in 1870 There were many problems facing Italy in 1870 after Unification took place when Rome was captured and became a part of Italy's kingdom and the states joined. One of the problems that the newly united Italy had to face was political. Italy was ruled by the Liberal elite. This was a problem because there was not a Liberal party, but groups of people from other parties made up the Liberal following. This made it hard for the Liberal rule to produce a majority when deciding legislation and therefore proportional representation didn't occur very often. Without proportional representation the majority of the population's wants and needs are not catered for and therefore not making them happy. Proportional representation also didn't occur because of the narrow electorate. Only 2% of the entire Italian population could vote. These people were males over the age of twenty-five that owned land and that could read and write. This kept the working class and women from voting. ...read more.


Another way of making more money to pay the debt was for industry to improve its productivity. This was not possible as Italy had an agrarian economy and with the land in the south not being as viable as in the north it was hard to produce a high income from industry. Italy had a lack in modernization and industrialization. It was hard to industrialize to make the money to pay the debt because the workforce was not educated; there were no raw materials and also no capital to start of industry and to educate the labour. This meant that wages were very low and poverty widespread. Unification worsened the matter as it brought free trade throughout the kingdom and led to the prices of the South's agricultural products to decrease. The South suffered a great deal and its industry was destroyed. With an ever-increasing ratio of poverty people especially in the south were migrating and peasant violence was high. This was a problem because the government had to pay out to suppress these issues with money they couldn't afford to spend. ...read more.


The Pope also had a lot of influence over Catholics in other countries such as France. This meant that the Italian government had a possible chance of external conflict and with a weak army and navy they would find it hard to defend themselves from possible attacks. The last problem facing Italy was that of new enemies. These were the Socialists and the Nationalists. The Socialists believed in equality and sharing wealth. The government was Liberal and they didn't like the idea of sharing wealth. The Socialist party established trade unions as the country started to Industrialised. This meant that the Socialist party gained a lot of support from the middle class and working class. Nationalists were right wing and they wanted the country to be properly united and also wanted a strong military. Both parties disliked the Liberals and posed a threat to the government with their increasing popularity of the population. All of these factors added to the newly united Italy's problems. Together they made it difficult for the government to keep the country happy and united. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Minority Rights, Identity Politics and Gender in Bangladesh: Current Problems and Issues

    The second petition concerned land grabbing in Natore district in 1999/2000. The constitutional petitions are pending hearings in the court and the time it takes is itself a cause for further insecurity for the victims. Non-Traditional Security and the Gender Dimension We now come to grips with how the conditions

  2. How far had the Liberal Governments of Italy gone to solve Italy's problems by ...

    as it was seen as the greater evil. The Pope urged Catholics to take part in the parliamentary system, however, not as saboteurs but as a serious coalition of Catholics as a Party. The Pope also encouraged people to vote in the 1904 elections if it helped crush Socialism, this

  1. 'We have made Italy, now we must make Italians' How successful had the Liberal ...

    They were known as Syndicalists. There was discontent amongst the working class as the government had taken measures to suppress union activity. The Nationalist party had its origins in the fact that many Italians felt that the Liberal State had failed to build a proper Italian nation.

  2. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    The Christian democrat government that presided over Italy after 1945, was clearly the best at truly uniting the country and 'making Italians'. Hodgson suggests that this is almost certainly because of the new found economic and political stability that came with them which embraced all Italians regardless of class or the area they came from.

  1. How united was Italy from 1861-1870

    This is the first sign we see of the division of Legal Italy from Real Italy, the division of the richer upper-class Italians, and the peasantry. It was very hard for the country to be unified when after unification the resultant political system was not actually what any of the contributors to unification were really aiming for.

  2. To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914?

    The Pope as well as being head of the Catholic Church had been the ruler of the Papal States covering central Italy. But, between 1861 and 1870 when unification took place most of the land that the Pope was in control of was taken away from him, he was left with just the Vatican City.

  1. The debate over immigration and French identity is one of the most controversial questions ...

    of this new influx, wich no longer consisted of colonial immigrants, but almost entirely contained European immigrants, most of wich were Italian, Polish and Spanish.131 (stovall) European immigration was certainly supported by french economy, which stuck ro its view of non-white workers as inadequate and therefore to be left home.

  2. Which major domestic and international factors made German unification possible?

    Eastern European countries, particularly Hungary began to relax their border controls, and suddenly Germans were able to move through Eastern Europe and into the FRG, something they hadn't been able to do for many years. The eventual result of this was a mass exodus and a general weakening of the GDR.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work