• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Provisional Government.

Extracts from this document...


History essay on the Provisional Government The Provisional Government had attempted to keep its power over Russian affairs during the trouble that followed the abdication of the tsar in February 1917, and as events would show, they were largely unsuccessful in doing so. This may have been because of Kerensky's mistakes, the government's lack of political power, or its failure to solve the problems of Russia's peasant majority. The Bolsheviks were quick to take advantage of time of weakness, although whether or not they succeeded because the Provisional Government failed needs to be assessed. The primary weakness of the Provisional Government was that it was essentially powerless. Primarily this was because the government was simply a 'provisional' one, meant only as a temporary solution until the revolution had run its course. When the Soviet drew up Order Number 1 in March 1917, it effectively limited the power that the government could have upon the Russian people. The Soviet held the power over the troops; the railroads, post and telegraphs, and the Provisional Government could do little to prevent such political domination. ...read more.


By attempting to send some units of the Petrograd garrison to the front, the government made situations worse, eventually escalating to chaotic desertions of army garrisons. Paradoxically, the Provisional Government had rallied the offensive in the war in order to create a sense of 'civic patriotism' that hopefully would end the conflict and bring peace to Russia. The Provisional Government failed to solve much of the issues that racked the nation, especially the ever-present problem of lack of food and the redistribution of the land that the peasants wanted. In this way the Bolshevik party appealed to the masses, using attractive slogans such as 'Peace, Bread and Land!' and 'All Power to the Soviets!' Whether or not they would fulfil their promises meant little as long as there was a hope that things would improve. Kerensky proved to be no better at handling the decisive decisions that were required of his leadership. He had been called as the national hero who would be able to bring together the country and stop the drift towards civil war, but his vanity and alter ego as Napoleon Bonaparte hardly fit his description of himself as the 'hostage of democracy' that he was sometimes called. ...read more.


The Provisional Government made no real attempt to control the power of the Soviets, although it could be argued that by the time they realized the stuff that was going on, they no longer had any means to control such an example of civil disobedience. The Provisional Government was almost another reminder of the Tsar in the way that it was so incapable of solving the problems that Russia faced that so desperately needed attention. It would not be false to say the popularity of the Bolshevik party largely depended on what the Provisional Government did. The Provisional Government's weaknesses and failures increased appeal for the Bolsheviks, especially since the other socialist parties became identified with the Provisional Government. However, it cannot be right to argue that it was only the mistakes of the Provisional Government that brought the October Revolution (and the government's demise) about. The Bolsheviks had strengths and favourable factors that allowed it to maximize its advantage over the other socialist parties and over the Provisional Government. The role of Lenin in the party was crucial-his leadership proved very important amongst the unruly days of the Bolshevik rising. D.Shears ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning

    lot easier for the provisional government to survive as less pressure would of been on them from opposition. This strengthens the point that the provisional government were not doomed to failure from the beginning and were brought down by outside factors.

  2. Was the collapse of the provisional government inevitable

    He was supported by many other army officers. Kornilov demanded that all socialists and communists should be arrested - Kerensky refused to do this as he did not want to be seen to be weak. If anybody was going to order arrests it was Kerensky and not anybody else.

  1. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    Lenin's return was a remarkable event. In the hope that the tsar's fall would be the prelude to the collapse of Russian armies, the German government arranged for Lenin to return to Russia In a sealed train across occupied Europe.

  2. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    This created a loss for the government, because it was the Bolshevik Party that eventually overthrew the government. 4. The Liberal View The primary reason of the failure of the Provisional Government lay in the inadequacy of the members of the government9.

  1. To what extent was the Great War responsible for the collapse of the Provisional ...

    The peasant wished the land that they worked and harvested so tirelessly on would be taken from the landowning classes and redistributed amongst themselves. This single issue could have put the government in a more favourable position, weakening their opposition and ensuring their survival.

  2. After the March revolution and the Tsar's resignation, why did the Provisional Government last ...

    compare even with the living conditions of the others, people began to loose faith. One of the reasons the Provisional Government lasted only eight months was because of the peasants' unhappiness and lost faith in it. The continuation of the war created more divisions between the already weak Provisional Government,

  1. Was the Provisional Government doomed to failure?

    a defensive war, seeking only to defend its own existing territory; or continue to fight alongside the Allies in the hope of winning more territory. The liberals were committed to continuing the war on the side of Britain and France, as they wanted Western help after the war for their fledgling economy, and wished to remain an important power internationally.

  2. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    This decision was unpopular, putting the provisional government in an unstable position. At this point Lenin was not even in the country, it seemed he would not be able to take advantage of the provisional government's unpopularity at this point.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work