• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Provisional Government.

Extracts from this document...


History essay on the Provisional Government The Provisional Government had attempted to keep its power over Russian affairs during the trouble that followed the abdication of the tsar in February 1917, and as events would show, they were largely unsuccessful in doing so. This may have been because of Kerensky's mistakes, the government's lack of political power, or its failure to solve the problems of Russia's peasant majority. The Bolsheviks were quick to take advantage of time of weakness, although whether or not they succeeded because the Provisional Government failed needs to be assessed. The primary weakness of the Provisional Government was that it was essentially powerless. Primarily this was because the government was simply a 'provisional' one, meant only as a temporary solution until the revolution had run its course. When the Soviet drew up Order Number 1 in March 1917, it effectively limited the power that the government could have upon the Russian people. The Soviet held the power over the troops; the railroads, post and telegraphs, and the Provisional Government could do little to prevent such political domination. ...read more.


By attempting to send some units of the Petrograd garrison to the front, the government made situations worse, eventually escalating to chaotic desertions of army garrisons. Paradoxically, the Provisional Government had rallied the offensive in the war in order to create a sense of 'civic patriotism' that hopefully would end the conflict and bring peace to Russia. The Provisional Government failed to solve much of the issues that racked the nation, especially the ever-present problem of lack of food and the redistribution of the land that the peasants wanted. In this way the Bolshevik party appealed to the masses, using attractive slogans such as 'Peace, Bread and Land!' and 'All Power to the Soviets!' Whether or not they would fulfil their promises meant little as long as there was a hope that things would improve. Kerensky proved to be no better at handling the decisive decisions that were required of his leadership. He had been called as the national hero who would be able to bring together the country and stop the drift towards civil war, but his vanity and alter ego as Napoleon Bonaparte hardly fit his description of himself as the 'hostage of democracy' that he was sometimes called. ...read more.


The Provisional Government made no real attempt to control the power of the Soviets, although it could be argued that by the time they realized the stuff that was going on, they no longer had any means to control such an example of civil disobedience. The Provisional Government was almost another reminder of the Tsar in the way that it was so incapable of solving the problems that Russia faced that so desperately needed attention. It would not be false to say the popularity of the Bolshevik party largely depended on what the Provisional Government did. The Provisional Government's weaknesses and failures increased appeal for the Bolsheviks, especially since the other socialist parties became identified with the Provisional Government. However, it cannot be right to argue that it was only the mistakes of the Provisional Government that brought the October Revolution (and the government's demise) about. The Bolsheviks had strengths and favourable factors that allowed it to maximize its advantage over the other socialist parties and over the Provisional Government. The role of Lenin in the party was crucial-his leadership proved very important amongst the unruly days of the Bolshevik rising. D.Shears ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Was the Provisional Government doomed to failure?

    There were several reasons for this. Firstly, Britain and France had requested that Russia attack on the Eastern front to take the pressure off their forces in the West, so they in effect the Provisional Government was responding to its treaty obligations to the Allies. Secondly, there was still a strong sense of patriotism and nationalism

  2. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    They had been willing to work with the other revolutionary and reformist parties. Lenin changed that. In his speech on his arrival at Petrograd's Finland Station on 3 April, he declared that the February Revolution, far from giving Russia political freedom, had created a 'parliamentary-bourgeois republic'.

  1. Was the collapse of the provisional government inevitable

    In fact, many were communists. Kerensky began to lose a lot of support and his power base was rapidly disappearing and thus is one of the reasons the provisional government collapsed. However, if Kerensky had been more alert and gain more support and power before all this happened, the provisional

  2. Was the provisional government doomed to failure from the beginning

    lot easier for the provisional government to survive as less pressure would of been on them from opposition. This strengthens the point that the provisional government were not doomed to failure from the beginning and were brought down by outside factors.

  1. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    These factors, particularly the food shortages and the war, were not the fault of the Provisional Government, and therefore they were not entirely accountable for their outcomes. The Government was not, after all, expected to be permanent as they were supposed to be a stop-gap between the Tsarist regime and an elected Constituent Assembly.

  2. The Provisional Government, March-November 1917.

    `The July Days' was the name for the demonstrations in Petrograd by Bolshevik supporters who hoped to overthrow the Provisional Government. Lenin did not yet feel confident enough to attack the government and the demonstrations petered out. The government took the opportunity to seize Bolshevik headquarters and arrest the leaders.

  1. Why were there two Revolutions in Russia in 1917? Why did the Bolsheviks ...

    These demonstrations quickly turned into a full-blown revolution. Various leaders arose from the midst such as, Alexander Kerensky, with these newer leaders emerging, various military regiments changed sides to support the promising revolution. Some 150,000 troops changed sides. Many revolutionaries broke into barracks, arsenals, and prisons until finally seized the Winter Palace.

  2. Explain why Lenin and the Bolsheviks replaced the Provisional Government as leaders of Russia ...

    To begin with, however, the Dual Power system seemed to work well. This was because the people of Russia seemed to get what they wanted: Political prisoners were set free, the Tsarist Police were abolished, and for the first time freedom of speech was introduced to Russia.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work