• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Provisional Government, March-November 1917.

Extracts from this document...


The Provisional Government, March-November 1917 By Suzie Keevil Aim: To look at the key features of the Provisional Government. GCSE objective 1 Questions 1) During their time in power, the Provisional Government made many changes. They tried to make Russia into a democratic country. Political liberty was granted, as was civil rights such as freedom of speech of the press, trades union and religious freedom. `Elections were promised for a Constituent Assembly which would draw up a new constitution; these elections would be for universal suffrage'. However, although these were considerable achievements, they were overshadowed by the many problems, which led to the downfall of the Provisional Government in November 1917. 2) The four problems that the Provisional Government faced were a) the dual authority. The Petrograd Soviet was formed around the same time as the Provisional Government. Many other soviets emerged in the towns and cities across Russia. They claimed to `represent the interests of the soldiers, peasants and workers'. ...read more.


Order Number One disrupted the war and this made Kerensky's job even more difficult. The third problem that the Provisional Government had to face was anarchy in the countryside. The Provisional Government postponed making any decisions about land distribution before the election of the constituent assembly. Many peasants were not prepared to wait and seized the land by force. Order in the countryside broke down. The fourth problem that the Provisional Government had to face was revolutionary opposition. The revolutionary parties had been taken by surprise by the March revolution. The Provisional Government gave them the freedom to campaign, which they had never done before. In the soviets the revolutionary parties constantly criticised government policies. 3) In his theses, Lenin argues that the Provisional Government should `be overturned. There should be a new republic, with power going to the soviets. Russia should be withdrawn from the war immediately. The soviets should take control of the economy; the land and banks would be nationalised'. ...read more.


7) When Lenin was young nothing showed that he would become a future rebel except perhaps his turn to atheism. Also he had two blows during adolescence. One was that his father had been threatened with premature retirement by a reactionary government that had feared the spread of public education. The second was that his beloved elder brother had been hanged for conspiring with a revolutionary terrorist group that plotted to assassinate the Emperor Alexander 111. Now he was the male head of the family, which was stigmatised of having reared a `state criminal'. He went to university to study law but was expelled three months later because it was thought that he was participating in an illegal student assembly. He was arrested and sent to his grandfather's estate. In the autumn of 1988 he was permitted to return to Kazan but was denied readmission to the university. During this period of enforced idleness, he met exiled revolutionists of the older generation and avidly read revolutionary political literature. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    This caused the Provisional Government to have virtually no means to enforce their rules, and showed a steady decline in power. The liberal view sees the lack of force as a lack of willpower. An example of this is shown in the statement made in the government that the military

  2. To what extent was the Great War responsible for the collapse of the Provisional ...

    The peasant wished the land that they worked and harvested so tirelessly on would be taken from the landowning classes and redistributed amongst themselves. This single issue could have put the government in a more favourable position, weakening their opposition and ensuring their survival.

  1. It was the weakness of the provisional government that brought the October revolution about ...

    Control of the army and soviets allowed the Bolsheviks to be in a position of immense power, particularly with the assumed backing of the public. Lenin also took the opportunity to return to Russia, aided by the German government who realised that if Lenin came to power he would take

  2. Citizenship - participating in society

    We also had a booklet encouraging young people to stop smoking and frank is a helpline which help young teenagers about smoking. The DVD's which we had lasted approximately 5-10 minutes as well as the videos. The NHS and Frank were very helpful and with all the information and they

  1. Was the collapse of the provisional government inevitable

    This caused the people not be so trustful with the provisional government and doubt their ability to lead well, since the war was a big failure. When the provisional government wanted to stabilize it by broadening its social base and live on the moderate socialists for support, they refused and

  2. WWI, The Twenty-One Demands and The May Fourth Movement

    The political and intellectual attitudes set in motion by these students developed quickly into a national uprising, with students, merchants and workers in other cities organising more demonstrations, together with strikes and boycotts of Japanese goods10. It saw patriotic Chinese citizens from vastly different classes work in unity to achieve a common purpose of ridding the nation of Japanese control.

  1. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    This created a willingness to maintain state authority at the centre of affairs. Furthermore, at the beginning both the Provisional government and the Soviet contained a wider range of political representation than was the case later. Moderate socialists had more influence than the SRs or the SDs in the first

  2. After the March revolution and the Tsar's resignation, why did the Provisional Government last ...

    The Russian people wanted quick improvements in living conditions, yet this did not happen due to the Provisional Governments' slowness and disarray. Housing that was built was built slowly and on a small scale. Materials, equipment, and the means to transport it was needed for the army, and could not be spared for housing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work