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The Provisional Government, March-November 1917.

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Introduction

The Provisional Government, March-November 1917 By Suzie Keevil Aim: To look at the key features of the Provisional Government. GCSE objective 1 Questions 1) During their time in power, the Provisional Government made many changes. They tried to make Russia into a democratic country. Political liberty was granted, as was civil rights such as freedom of speech of the press, trades union and religious freedom. `Elections were promised for a Constituent Assembly which would draw up a new constitution; these elections would be for universal suffrage'. However, although these were considerable achievements, they were overshadowed by the many problems, which led to the downfall of the Provisional Government in November 1917. 2) The four problems that the Provisional Government faced were a) the dual authority. The Petrograd Soviet was formed around the same time as the Provisional Government. Many other soviets emerged in the towns and cities across Russia. They claimed to `represent the interests of the soldiers, peasants and workers'. ...read more.

Middle

Order Number One disrupted the war and this made Kerensky's job even more difficult. The third problem that the Provisional Government had to face was anarchy in the countryside. The Provisional Government postponed making any decisions about land distribution before the election of the constituent assembly. Many peasants were not prepared to wait and seized the land by force. Order in the countryside broke down. The fourth problem that the Provisional Government had to face was revolutionary opposition. The revolutionary parties had been taken by surprise by the March revolution. The Provisional Government gave them the freedom to campaign, which they had never done before. In the soviets the revolutionary parties constantly criticised government policies. 3) In his theses, Lenin argues that the Provisional Government should `be overturned. There should be a new republic, with power going to the soviets. Russia should be withdrawn from the war immediately. The soviets should take control of the economy; the land and banks would be nationalised'. ...read more.

Conclusion

7) When Lenin was young nothing showed that he would become a future rebel except perhaps his turn to atheism. Also he had two blows during adolescence. One was that his father had been threatened with premature retirement by a reactionary government that had feared the spread of public education. The second was that his beloved elder brother had been hanged for conspiring with a revolutionary terrorist group that plotted to assassinate the Emperor Alexander 111. Now he was the male head of the family, which was stigmatised of having reared a `state criminal'. He went to university to study law but was expelled three months later because it was thought that he was participating in an illegal student assembly. He was arrested and sent to his grandfather's estate. In the autumn of 1988 he was permitted to return to Kazan but was denied readmission to the university. During this period of enforced idleness, he met exiled revolutionists of the older generation and avidly read revolutionary political literature. ...read more.

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