• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Provisional Government, March-November 1917.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Provisional Government, March-November 1917 By Suzie Keevil Aim: To look at the key features of the Provisional Government. GCSE objective 1 Questions 1) During their time in power, the Provisional Government made many changes. They tried to make Russia into a democratic country. Political liberty was granted, as was civil rights such as freedom of speech of the press, trades union and religious freedom. `Elections were promised for a Constituent Assembly which would draw up a new constitution; these elections would be for universal suffrage'. However, although these were considerable achievements, they were overshadowed by the many problems, which led to the downfall of the Provisional Government in November 1917. 2) The four problems that the Provisional Government faced were a) the dual authority. The Petrograd Soviet was formed around the same time as the Provisional Government. Many other soviets emerged in the towns and cities across Russia. They claimed to `represent the interests of the soldiers, peasants and workers'. ...read more.

Middle

Order Number One disrupted the war and this made Kerensky's job even more difficult. The third problem that the Provisional Government had to face was anarchy in the countryside. The Provisional Government postponed making any decisions about land distribution before the election of the constituent assembly. Many peasants were not prepared to wait and seized the land by force. Order in the countryside broke down. The fourth problem that the Provisional Government had to face was revolutionary opposition. The revolutionary parties had been taken by surprise by the March revolution. The Provisional Government gave them the freedom to campaign, which they had never done before. In the soviets the revolutionary parties constantly criticised government policies. 3) In his theses, Lenin argues that the Provisional Government should `be overturned. There should be a new republic, with power going to the soviets. Russia should be withdrawn from the war immediately. The soviets should take control of the economy; the land and banks would be nationalised'. ...read more.

Conclusion

7) When Lenin was young nothing showed that he would become a future rebel except perhaps his turn to atheism. Also he had two blows during adolescence. One was that his father had been threatened with premature retirement by a reactionary government that had feared the spread of public education. The second was that his beloved elder brother had been hanged for conspiring with a revolutionary terrorist group that plotted to assassinate the Emperor Alexander 111. Now he was the male head of the family, which was stigmatised of having reared a `state criminal'. He went to university to study law but was expelled three months later because it was thought that he was participating in an illegal student assembly. He was arrested and sent to his grandfather's estate. In the autumn of 1988 he was permitted to return to Kazan but was denied readmission to the university. During this period of enforced idleness, he met exiled revolutionists of the older generation and avidly read revolutionary political literature. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    This caused the Provisional Government to have virtually no means to enforce their rules, and showed a steady decline in power. The liberal view sees the lack of force as a lack of willpower. An example of this is shown in the statement made in the government that the military

  2. Why were there two revolutions in 1917?

    Kerensky's appointment of General Kornilov as Commander-in-Chief was an attempt to restore the army. Kornilov, however, soon began a policy of tough discipline on those taking part in strikes. The so-called Kornilov Affair resulted in total demoralisation of army leaders.

  1. Citizenship - participating in society

    The purpose of this video was to help the pupils understand the importance of smoking and the urgency of quitting smoking before its to late. Finally I handed out a questionnaire in which the pupils answered a range of questions about the lesson.

  2. Was the collapse of the provisional government inevitable

    Kornilov then gathered troops together and marched on Petrograd. They were faced with those soldiers who had deserted the army and 20,000 Red Guards. This was a new force created by the workers of Petrograd to defend the city. Kornilov did not stand a chance and the attempted take over

  1. WWI, The Twenty-One Demands and The May Fourth Movement

    http://www.cartage.org.lb/en/themes/GeogHist/histories/history/hiscountries/C/china.html (07/13/04 19:38:56) "China." http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWchina.htm (08/10/04 17:39:02) "China: History." http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/world/A0857295.html (07/13/04 19:35:43) "Chinatown Online - Chinese History: The First Republic." http://www.chinatown-online.co.uk/pages/culture/history/first.html (07/13/04 19:35:05) "Chinese History, Regent Tour China." http://www.regenttour.com/china/history/roc.htm (07/13/04 19:34:31) "Chinese history:Republican China." http://www.chinavoc.com/history/republic.htm (07/13/04 19:34:12) "History of China." http://www.allstarz.org/yaoming/chinahistory.htm (08/03/04 18:43:33) "History of the Republic of China." http://www.worldhistory.com/wiki/H/History-of-the-Republic-of-China.htm (07/13/04 19:44:01) "MSN Encarta - Print Preview - China."

  2. Was the Provisional Government fatally weakened from the first? Notes

    with a 'people's militia' o The granting of full civil and religious freedoms o A commitment to the convening of a constituent assembly However, the agreed changes did not touch on the critical issues of the war and the land.

  1. To what extent was the Great War responsible for the collapse of the Provisional ...

    The new government had inherited not a state but its ruins.'2 This clearly shows that the Provisional Government's actions only worsened the situation. Thus, its downfall was made only easier by the changes it made and did not help consolidate its power.

  2. After the March revolution and the Tsar's resignation, why did the Provisional Government last ...

    The Russian people wanted quick improvements in living conditions, yet this did not happen due to the Provisional Governments' slowness and disarray. Housing that was built was built slowly and on a small scale. Materials, equipment, and the means to transport it was needed for the army, and could not be spared for housing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work