• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Rhodesian Revolution

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

The Rhodesian Revolution Rhodesia, now called Zimbabwe, is a nation that never featured apartheid. Race relations were generally decent under the government of Ian Smith. Smith's book "The Great Betrayal" clearly spells this out. Former President, Jimmy Carter, would not even see Ian Smith in 1979 when Smith came to the White House to beg for help. Ian Smith then asked Henry Kissinger for help when Carter would not help him. Smith asked; "What about loyalty?" since rhodesians had long served the British Empire. Kissinger told Smith, "There is no place for such ideals in the modern world." Many Americans might have reservations about helping whites in Southern Africa because of apartheid. The evil deeds of apartheid killers have been tried in South African courts and apartheid is over and its worst criminals have been punished, thank God! However, all of this corruption started when a revolution broke out in Rhodesia. Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe, was born out of the negotiations led by Prime Minister Ian Smith, with the moderate nationalist leaders during the course of 1978. ...read more.

Middle

(McKinely) Britain called the proclamation an act of insurgence but refused to reestablish control by force. "When I was in Rhodesia, we weren't fighting the local Africans; we were fighting Cuban terrorists who infiltrated our country through Mozambique, east of Rhodesia" (Myrtle). When negotiations in 1966 failed to produce an agreement, Britain requested economic sanctions against Rhodesia. On March 1, 1970, Rhodesia formally proclaimed itself a republic. Heightened guerrilla warfare and a withdrawal of South America military in 1976, marked the beginning of the collapse of Smiths eleven years of resistance. (Zimbabwe) Negotiations were restarted in the mid-1970's and in 1971, Britain and Rhodesia reached an agreement that provided African political participation, but without any guarantee of eventual black majority rule. Rhodesian Independence was finally recognized in 1979, the British government resuming control pending elections in February 1980. Rhodesia, now renamed Zimbabwe, finally became an independent nation within the British Commonwealth on April 18 of that year. (Rhodesian Independence) A white Rhodesian who was called for his service during the revolution noted that ...in my youthful mind I appreciated vaguely that something had to be radically wrong with the policies of the Rhodesian Front. ...read more.

Conclusion

(Zimbabwe) Later in 1979, under pressure from Britain, an agreement was reached to provide for a legally independent, democratically governed Zimbabwe. A new constitution was established and a truce was implemented; Britain agreed to finance a voluntary land-redistribution program. The country transmuted to British colonial rule until the transition to self-rule was complete. In the elections of April, 1980, Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF (Patriotic Front) party won by a comfortable margin, and he became Prime Minister of the Republic of Zimbabwe when independence was achieved on April 18, 1980. "The transition from white government to black government was done relatively peacefully" (Myrtle). Over 25,000 people had been killed in the struggle for independence. As Ian Smith had long predicted, everybody's worst nightmare soon came to pass, the terrorist Mugabe and his ZANU party, through terrorism and intimidation, easily won at the corrupt elections. As a final insult to all Rhodesians, the country officially reverted back to a British colony and raised the Union flag. Apartheid was put to an end, the west ultimately forced it because it was an unfair regime. And within the last 2-3 years Africans have started to take over the white men's lands and kick them out of Zimbabwe. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. South Africa 1945-1994 The end of Apartheid.

    South Africa supplied over half the world's gold and had over 75% of the world's platinum, chromate and manganese supplies. These were vital for industries all over the world. Furthermore, the other main supplier of gold and other precious metals was the Communist Soviet Union.

  2. How and why did Federation occur?

    How was paternalism applied to Aboriginal peoples? * This is the belief that Aboriginals should be treated like small children and needed protection. Special reserves were created for Aborigines on Crown land. These protectorates were set up to 'look after' Aborigines.

  1. In what ways were the lives of South Africans changed by the policy of ...

    Arrests and imprisonments followed, including that of Steve Biko who, who died in police custody. This was in some ways a new policy of Apartheid but with Verwoerd at the helm of this policy it was sure to be a whole new one.

  2. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    At the national level basic development Strategy of any government moulds opportunities and incentives for Corruption. At the same level three relationships, between the government and the judicatory and between the government and the civil society-also affect the nature and discussion of corruption.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    Student movement of the 1920s 1. The students of the 1920s were influenced by Western political ideas such as J.S.Mill's "Liberty", democracy, freedom, etc They were also influenced by other nationalist movements such as the Indian National Congress political demands and Gandhi's non-cooperation movement, the PKI Revolt of 1926, the 1911 Revolution.

  2. Why did Britain have no '1848 revolution'?

    Third, the difference in the position of the middle class affected the ability and success of political movements since it was only when economic discontent gained a political focus that it became a threat to existing governments. The aggravation of Middling classes were vital in this both in Britain and

  1. Summary of the Causes of the 1905 Revolution.

    They demanded representative government and elections. In addition, the national minorities, such as the Finns and the Poles, demanded independence, while the Jews demanded equal civil rights. In many towns and cities, the workers started to form new organisations, called soviets, to co-ordinate strikes. They were loose organisations - workers' councils - to which workers were sent to represent their factories.

  2. Why Was There No British Revolution in Europe's 'Ageof Revolutions'?

    often short lived and did not constitute a revolutionary threat due to their localised and apolitical nature. One such example is the economic crisis' of 1811-12 which created immense upheaval and protest initially in Northern England, but which quickly receded once the economy improved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work