• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The third French Republic.

Extracts from this document...


The third French Republic. Defeat on the Franco-Prussian War signalled the end of the Second French Empire. With Napoleon III abdication following the battle of Sedan, France's political future was a little unstable, as napoleon III ad left no clear successor. The Third French Republic was declared by the National Assembly and led by Adolphe Theirs. However at the time of its proclamation it had no legal backing and as a subsequent election showed the majority of Frenchmen favoured a restoration of the monarchy, but as loyalties were divided between three rival candidates, the republican government came to be seen as the form of government that "divided Frenchmen least". One of the first tasks of the this new administration was to end the war with Germany as quickly as possible which it did with the Treaty of Frankfurt, 1871. Its terms were harsh with the Surrender of Alsace-Lorraine, an area rich in raw materials (coal, iron ore etc) ...read more.


attracted and the desperate need among the French people for a strong political figure and the danger it posed to the Third Republic. The Panama Scandal was a new example of the political corruption of the Third Republic. Its origins lay with Ferdinand de Lesseps and his attempt to repeat the success of the Suez Canal with the Panama Canal. The project attracted the interest of thousands of French investors and construction began in 1881. Difficulties were encountered immediately with miles of rock, and yellow fever claiming the lives of thousands of canal workers. Politicians and journalists were bribed to keep the problems a secret. In 1888, the government authorised the sale of lottery bonds to finance the venture but not enough money was raised and the company went bankrupt. A subsequent enquiry revealed tales of bribery, secrecy and corruption. Several prominent parliamentarians and Jewish financiers were implicated. The Republican regime was accused of being incurably corrupt and in the ensuing months and years Jews became the convenient whipping boys for those who had lost their savings. ...read more.


Pope Leo XIII urged Catholic to accept Republican regime and meet their social obligations. In 1901, the Law of Associations was passed which required all members of religious groups to obtain permission for their activities. In 1905 the Law of Separation of Church and State was passed and was greeted by riots. It gave freedom of worship to all religions and withdrew financial support to the French Catholic Church. By 1914, however the Church was beginning to see that freedom state interference and patronage could be beneficial. Overall the Third French Republic faced many challenges form its inception in 1870. it seemed to stagger from one crisis to the next the average tenure of each government being between eight and ten months. However, by 1914 it had in fact outlasted all previous regimes since 1789 and was the form of government that divided Frenchmen least, as it held conflicting political interests together. Included among the strengths of the Republic are the payment of German war indemnities, reorganisation of the army, educational reforms, industrial and foreign progress and considerable colonial expansion. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Analyze the weakness of the Third Republic of France in the period, 1875-1914.

    The republicans and socialists got more support. The republic became more secure. 2. Popular discontent with the Republic was another weakness. The Boulanger Affair showed that many people were discontented with the Republic. That was why Boulanger was able to secure popular support at first. Corruption was one of the causes of discontent.

  2. The causes and the political and social consequences of the Dreyfus Affair in France

    to the Boulangisme of the Left (The French political party derived from G�n�ral George Boulanger's name. There were three main ideas: revenge against Germany, the Revision of the constitution and the Restoration of the Monarchy). There was strong criticism of the Parliamentary mechanisms and of the Republican members in place


    Some other equally damaging consequences of corruption are: undermines public confidence in government; engenders wrong economic choices and constrains government's ability to implement policies; makes the poor pay the price; and threatens government's strategy of private-sector-oriented growth (World Bank 1996a: 66).

  2. The debate over immigration and French identity is one of the most controversial questions ...

    After the war the racialization of differences in skin color continued. In 1918 the French government began to expell colonial workers as quickly as possible, judging that the country was not ready to become a multiracial society. After 1918 the French government sent colonial workers home as quickly as possible,

  1. The colonial factor in the Nigerian civil war (1967-1970)

    Thereafter the unifying factor became the name of their country. That alone was an insufficient basis for unity. Under normal circumstances the amalgamation ought to have brought the various peoples together and provided a firm basis for the arduous task of establishing closer cultural, social, religious, and linguistic ties vital for true unity among the people.

  2. How and why does the extent of presidential power vary in the fifth French ...

    specifically Gaullist innovations.2 De Gaulle put this constitution to the people through a referendum in September 1958, the turnout for this referendum was unprecedented and while there was an 80% turnout, 80% also said yes. This gave De Gaulle unparalleled legitimacy and therefore power.

  1. What problems faced the new republic in Germany from 1918 to 1923? Why did ...

    This would paralyze Berlin and leave the Kapp government with many problems. And so it was this general strike along with the lack of support for the Kapp government, which brought it to an end in just four days. The government did not take action against the army, showing that

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    Events may have shown that his prognostication was not without accuracy. Condition of Serfs at beginning of 19th Century: structure of serfdom complete - work of Romonov dynasty, the profounder results of which were active until 1917. The condition of the peasants was a tragedy for themselves, an inspiration for

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work