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The weakness of the Whig government from 1835-1841 was the most important reason for the Conservative victory of 1841.

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Introduction

The weakness if the Whig government from 1835-1841 was the most important reason for the Conservative victory of 1841 The Whigs electoral support began to drain away, between 1935-1841, which enabled the Tory party to win the 1841 elections with a majority of 70%. However, the weakness and the vulnerability of the Whig government was not the only reason for their downfall, but also due to the strength and organisation of the opposition; the Tory party. One of the reasons for the Whig's defeat in the 1841 election was due to instability of their support, both within the voters and within the parliament. The agricultural depression of 1830, which resulted in the Swing Riot and harsh legislation to punish the offenders, cost the Whigs a lot of support. The Tollpuddle Martyrs, who dared to start a trade union, were transported to Australia. The majority of Melbourne's government was very small and were subject to accusations of being under the influence of erratic Irish MPs. this angered many Englishmen and as a result, O'Connell (Daniel) and Melbourne's relationships were watched very closely. ...read more.

Middle

To add to the Whigs failures, the government failed top sort out the problems which lead to the Newport rising. On 3 November 1839, several thousand armed chartist miners marched to Newport to free the political prisoner Henry Vincent. The thousands were led by john frost, William Jones and Zephaniah Williams. After a short battle against the soldiers who were placed at the hotel where Vincent was kept, twenty men were killed and 50 more were injured. Frost and the other leaders were arrested and charged and instead of being executed they were transported for life by Lord Melbourne. This event only made the Whigs more unpopular with the public The Whig government was now faced with a stronger more organised party, the Conservatives, under the leadership of Sir Robert Peel. By 1837, ' the Whigs seemed to be becoming less radical and more 'Conservative' and that the Conservatives were becoming 'liberal'. This is clearly backed in the 'Tamworth manifesto', which was the basis for the changes Peel made to the party in the 1830s. ...read more.

Conclusion

Peel was more experience and was able to command things much better and economically minded. It was peel that convinced people enough to revote because the finances just did not match up. There were several reasons as to why the Whigs lost the election in 1841. Be it, the lack of strength and the loss of stable support or an increase in working class unrest, all clearly point in one direction; Britain was bored with the Whigs. For years the Whigs had suppressed public opinion, but the public sure showed a change in the way we dealt with unprofessional conduct within the government. I feel that, whether or not there was a strong Tory party, the Whigs would have lost the elections as anything, at that point, would have seemed more desirable than the Whigs. Therefore, I do not feel that the revival of the Tories, under the leadership of Peel, had much to do with the Whigs defeat in the 1841 elections. They were the declining party by that time. For these reasons, I agree with the assessment that the weakness of the Whig government between 1835-1841 was the most important reason for the Conservative victory in 1841. ...read more.

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