• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

There are many different issues of disagreement between the British government and American colonists between the years 1763-1774, which in effect led to the American Revolution. The British government were plagued by dept

Extracts from this document...


There are many different issues of disagreement between the British government and American colonists between the years 1763-1774, which in effect led to the American Revolution. The British government were plagued by dept, which totalled �137 million by 1763 with an annual interest of �5 million alone. Where was this money to come from? Common belief was that American colonies were not contributing sufficiently towards the cost of their own defence nor carrying their fair share of the burden.1 Crisis began when parliament began to impose duties on American colonies in an attempt to raise revenue to offset these war debts and to help pay for the running of the colonies. Colonists become deeply angry as they saw these acts as a direct attempt by the British government to control their colonies. The Stamp Act was the first internal tax and raised questions about British parliamentary power in America and their right to impose taxes on the colonies. It was these fundamental questions that would led to major problems with Britain and eventually " triggered a drastic transformation if American society and politics" 2 The end of the French and Indian war in 1763 was a cause for celebration as it removed barriers and opened up many new opportunities for the colonists. The Great Western Frontier now belonged to the British and the first thing on the minds of the colonists was that this area was now open to them. The proclamation act 1763 did much to dampen that celebration and was the first stage of the crisis between the British government and the American colonists. ...read more.


They " emphasised the scale of colonial resistance and set precedents for the future" 6 . Sons of Liberty took distinct and successful measures of achieving goals by using violent demonstrations against property, not people. In effect it was the acts of the Sons of Liberty, most notably the boycott of British goods, which in the end led parliament to repeal the act. 5. Bailyn Bernard, The Great Republic, Canada,1992, 229 6. Bonwick Colin, The American Revolution, London 1991, 72 In March 1766 parliament finally repealed the stamp act by passing the Declaratory Act, which reasserted parliaments authority to legislate for the colonies in all cases. In other words, parliament insisted that colonies would not be exempt from any parliamentary measure, including taxation. Americans however interpreted the act as excluding taxation and so did not consider it to be a threat and it is this fundamental disagreement that would be the source of future disagreement. After the Stamp Act crisis American sensitivities to all forms of English taxation were thoroughly aroused.7 With the passing of the Townshend Duties in 1767 resistance reappeared within the colonies. John Dickinson, a Philadelphia lawyer published Letters from a Pennsylvanian Farmer, the most popular pamphlet of the 1760's. He conceded that parliament could regulate trade and acknowledged that the processes might bring in incidental revenue but denied that any duty could be imposed which had the prime objective of producing tax. 8 In 1768 the Massachusetts assembly issued a Circular Letter to all other legislatures. ...read more.


These were designed to strengthen British authority in Massachusetts and secure colonial dependence on the crown and parliament. 17 The Boston Port Act effectively shut down all commercial shipping in Boston Harbour until compensation was paid for the destroyed tea. The second act altered the colonies charter thus extending royal authority to appointed judges, local officials and selected jurymen. The third act allowed royal officials charged with murder to be tried in England where they would avoid a bias jury. The forth act, the Quartering act allowed governor to take over private buildings for the quartering of troops. These Coercive Acts were the last straw. They convinced Americans once and for all that parliament had no more right to make laws for them than to tax them.18 The tea acts and the 14,16,18 Bailyn Bernard, The Great Republic, Canada,1992, 239, 240, 240 17, Bonwick Colin, The American Revolution, London 1991, 78 15,Middlekauff Robert, The Glorious Cause: the American rev1763-89,NY 1982.221 Coercive acts were therefore the climax of the crisis between parliament and the colonists and were the final straw that would led to war. In conclusion, although it is difficult to point out any singular event which led to the American revolution, it is clear that the British attempt to impose taxes on the colonies helped led to the revolution. British bore a heavy dept and the colonies, lightly taxed might take over a part of the burden. 19 Therefore the financial situation of the British government essentially caused Britain to introduce these measure thus eventually leading to war. 19. Middlekauff Robert, The Glorious Cause:The American Rev 1763-89, NY,1982. 151 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What led to the breakdown of the post war political consensus?

    structure of British industry would be changed through privatisation of public enterprises' and lastly 'taxes would be reduced so that incentives would be provided for public enterprise.' These policies famously came to be known as 'Thatcherism.' The trade unions faced a battle with Thatcher and the miner's strike in 1984 proved promising of what Thatcher had in mind.

  2. "In the two decades before the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, a profound ...

    The colonials saw themselves as those who were willing to take an initiative and make new opportunities for themselves. They would suffer hardships to create better lives for their families c. The British, in turn, felt the colonists could never fit into society in England.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    In the universities the number of professors was reduced but the salaries were increase. The lyceums had to be extended and improved while the commissioner proposed the building of 3 new primary schools. Catholicism was taught by the priest a child had to learn how to read Maltese and then learn Italian and English.

  2. The British Suffragette movement.

    be given to women on the same terms as it was granted to men. II BACKGROUND Powerful ideologies about women's place in 19th-century Britain emphasized that they should, ideally, be located within the private sphere of the home as full-time wives and mothers rather than in the male public sphere of business, wars, and politics.

  1. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    On 1st June 1965 Lin Biao, now minister of defence, got rid of all ranks of the public liberation army. All soldiers were given a copy of the newly published Quotations of Chairman Mao, known as the little red book.

  2. Why is corruption so prominent in the contemporary Latin American political scene?

    While describing former Argentinean President Carlos Menem as a sultanistic leader may be deemed unfair, Menem did display sultanistic traits in his handling of possible accusations of corruption against him and his government in the way that he used Presidential authority to create a Supreme Court favourable to him.

  1. The colonial factor in the Nigerian civil war (1967-1970)

    With only residual power left to the central government, Nigeria politically took a turn for the worse, and there was a possibility of three countries emerging out of Nigeria. In 1953, the central cabinet was split over the acceptance of a target date for securing self - government with the end result of the Kano riot.

  2. Assess the Extent to which the Different Powers Prepared 'Their' African Colonies for Independence.

    The Belgians did not want another Algerian style conflict on their hands and forwarded fifteen years of decolonisation into an 18 month period, culminating in 30th June 1960 as Independence Day. There had been no particular assets left by the Belgians in the Congo but in the decade preceding there had been efforts on an educational and spiritual level.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work