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This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect Spoornet the railway business unit of Transnet over the next 10 years.

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MILPARK BUSINESS SCHOOL MBA ASSIGNMENT COVERSHEET STUDENT NUMBER: M B 2 0 0 2 9 9 2 5 E-MAIL ADDRESS: [email protected] *(Provide contact telephone number if you don't have an e-mail address) or SYNDICATE GROUP NUMBER: 3 STUDENT NUMBERS OF GROUP MEMBERS: mb20030085 mb20029925 mb20030075 mb20030015 mb20029495 Indicate with one X in each column the class with which you completed this module: Submission date: MODE INTAKE 2 0 0 3 1 0 1 1 FT 2001_1 PT 2001_2 Module BR 2001_3 MFL FMD MEN OL 2002_1 MPO PIN MST 2002_2 HRS CFI SMA 2002_3 SOM CST CDI 2003_1 2003_3 Submission type: Individual 1 First submission Individual 2 Resubmission* Syndicate Retake *Attach a copy of the marked first submission Retake resubmission* *R200 will be charged for each resubmission PLAGIARISM DECLARATION: I confirm that I understand the Milpark Business School policy on plagiarism and that I will be penalised if this assignment infringes on that policy. I confirm that I have carefully read through the assignment before submission and that I thoroughly understand its contents. Initialled (for syndicate work all group members are to initial this declaration) PROVISIONAL RESULT: Syndicate Assignment Group 3 - Wild West PT03_1 MBA Stage 1 Management Environment Tania H. Adendorff (mb20030085 ) Farouk Dawood (mb20029925 ) Craig Rosewarne (mb20030015 ) Lorna Skhosana (mb20030075 ) Michael O.Visser (mb20029495 ) 10 November 2003 Synopsis This assignment identifies and discusses the major social and political trends expected to affect Spoornet the railway business unit of Transnet over the next 10 years. This paper explores how the social and political changes in South Africa and countries in which Transnet operates, over the next 10 years is expected to influence the business environment. Several social issues are explored in this paper namely, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, access to drinking water and electricity, poverty, unemployment, education, population trends and social welfare. The Political issues include political history, countervailing power, compliant citizenry, local partnerships, black support and the nationalist identity, Based on this discussion the report recommends a number of steps that Spoornet should take to be sustainable, remain profitable and environmentally viable. ...read more.


According to Hilmi Toros(http://www.ipsnews.net/riomas10/2908_9.shtml ) 1.6 billion people do not have access to electricity and 2.4 billion are depending on primitive biomass for cooking and heating. Great investment is needed to supply power and even more so to make it sustainable to additional users, according to energy experts at the U.N. World Summit on Sustainable Development. She quotes Robert Priddle, executive director of the International Energy Agency (IEA) as saying that in the absence of far reaching new policies, 1.4 billion will still have no electricity in 30 years' time. Political Trends According to Lindblom (1977) because public functions in the market system rest in the hands of the businessmen, it follows that jobs, prices, production, growth, the standard of living, and the economic security everyone all rest in their hands. Consequently, government officials cannot be indifferent to how well business performs its functions. Depression, inflation, or other economic distress can bring down a government. A major function of government, therefore, is to see to it that businessmen perform their duties. - tax offsets to induce investment - concessions may be necessary - government to share their formal authority with corporate officials - business simply needs inducements, hence a privileged position in government and politics, if it to do its job Within the South African context business is more heavily taxed than before. For example companies are taxed at 30% and an additional 12% for STC. Regulation of monopoly, industrial relations and now environmental pollution Established business remains largely in white hands. Although the above situation is pertinent government has also made a concerted effort to form partnerships to understand and address the impact of the above issues on businesses. This is evident from the formation of NEDLAC, introduction of Black Empowerment programmes and the importance of good corporate governance. As part of government's response to the political and economic challenges that has been referred to, a restructuring programme is currently embarked on were state assets are being disposed using black economic empowerment as one of the criteria of disposal / alienation. ...read more.


REFERNCES: 1. (Http//; www.Transnet.co.za) 2. (http://www.btimes.co.za/98/0322/survey/survey11.htm) 3. Barry Mason (Oct 2001), South African report shows devastating impact for HIV/AIDS , World Socialist website 4. Barry Mason (Oct 2001), World Socialist website 5. Bukula,S(1995): ' Opportunities for micro- enterprize" in Riaan de Villiers an Maxine Reitzes(eds).,Southern African Migration: Domestic and Regional Policy Implications, Centre for Policy studies pp. 49-52 6. Centre for Policy Studies(1996)" Illegal reticulation: local partnerships may be the best way forward" Synopsis, Centre for Policy Studies Vol 1,No 1 pp.10-12 7. Department of Health (2003) Antenatal survey report 2002) 8. Executive Board of the United nations Development Programme and of the United Nations Population Fund 19 Nov 1999 9. Friedman,S. (1998) " It's policy skills that are lacking, not capacity" Synopsis, Centre for Policy Studies Vol 2,No 3 pp.4-5 10. Friedman,S. "Results are a setback for countervailing power" Synopsis, Centre for Policy Studies Vol 3,No 2 pp7-8 11. http://www.grida.no/geo2000/english/i61a.htm(United 12. http://www.ipsnews.net/riomas10/2908_9.shtml 13. http://www.nedlac.org.za/research/seminars/sa_economic_futures_propect.ht 14. http://www.nedlac.org.za/research/seminars/sa_economic_futures_propect.htm 15. http://www.pmg.org.za/docs/2003/appendices/030911educbriefdoc.htm 16. http://www.statssa.gov.za/Specialprojects/Census2001/Census2001.htm 17. http:www.csae.ox.ac.uk/reprogs/usam/default.html (Kingdon G. and Knight J) 18. Jackson Helen(2002), AIDS AFRICA Continent in Crisis. SAFAIDS: Harare 19. Kihato,C(1998)"Compliant citizenry continues to elude policy makers" Synopsis, Centre for Policy Studies Vol 2,No 2 pp.10-12 20. Lindblom C.E(1977)" The privileged Position of Business" in Politics and Markets 21. Mangcu,X(1999) "ANC's Political Dominance may not last forever" Synopsis Centre for Policy Studies,Vol3 No 2 pp.1-3 22. Orkin M., Hirschowitz, R.,Alberts, P. and Lehohla, P(1999)"Census 1996" Key findings for development planning. Indicator SA Vol 16 No. 1pp. 57-66 23. Reitzes M (1998): Nice work if you can get it?: Foreign Workers and the Job market, Centre for Policy studies; Policy Brief 8,pp.1-4 24. Shubane K.(1998): ' A question of balance; in The Right Thing: Two perspectives on public order and human rights in South Africa's emerging Democracy, Centre for Policy Studies. Pp. 9-28 25. Spoornet Media Release, 26 August 2003) 26. Star, Business Report, 23 July 2003. 27. Tomlinson, M.R.(1999): Normalising the Repayment Environment, Centre for policy studies policy forum 1,pp.1-6 28. Transnet annual report, 2003) 29. Transnet: Integrating Africa with the world: Annual Report 2003 2 ...read more.

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