• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent are the experiences of Yang Digong and Li Zucui typical of life in Modern China?

Extracts from this document...


CHINA TODAY - 50 YEARS OF COMMUNISM Q1: To what extent are the experiences of Yang Digong and Li Zucui typical of life in Modern China? (Sources: C & E) Yang Digong was somewhat dissimilar to other common people. Firstly he took part in Shanghai protests, for which he was soon exiled, as "Yang Digong was marching for freedom and democracy." (Source C) This evidence proves that he was typical in one field; he protested. These demonstrations took place in the streets of Shanghai. "Many fellow students took part in this to stand up for freedom and democracy..." (Source C) As many other Chinese people, mainly students, Yang was typical for the above reasons. "Two generations of students, the class of 1989 lauded by the West, that of 1999, often dismissed as having sold out. (Source F) Most students took part to express their feelings towards the Government. Yang was typical for his group; typical for the students. Evidence of the punishment Yang and others received; " Trials and executions took place" (Source C). Yang lived in the city, unlike Li Zucui; she lived in the countryside and was a peasant. Yang's lifestyle was not typical, as most of China's population are poor peasants. People like Li couldn't go out and eat or lead a luxurious lifestyle, as opposed to Yang; "...Sitting around a restaurant table laden with Shanghainese delicacies and beer." Yang enjoyed his life and had a high standard of living. In this case, Yang was very untypical for most Chinese people. Yang is now a rich businessman; a bond dealer. Again, Yang is untypical as not many other Chinese people are bond dealers, or rich businessmen. Other individuals worked in factories and other low-paid jobs. (Source G) " Everyone's doing business now. That's all" Everyone wanted wealth and an easy life. Everything was going out of politics and into business for China's newly emerging 'managerial' class. ...read more.


This all links to the Falun Gong; a religious denomination, which consists purely of middle-aged, middle class China. Members of this cult include Civil Servants, factory managers, office workers, etc. Many of these people never committed crimes. The sect leader called Li Hongzai, received accusations from the Government that he was planning to overthrow the Communist Party. As the CCP had failed before, e.g. Great Leap Forward, they couldn't afford to take another fall; they had to restrict religious freedom. As people were angered at this law, they demonstrated, often outside main government buildings. These protests were signs that the Chinese people wanted freedom, not political power. All the books published by Falun Gong, more than 100,000, were destroyed. More than 10,000 cassettes destroyed. This proved publicly that there was no religious freedom. This was just an attempt to make the sect followers reject it; show it was powerless.. More than 2 million Chinese people were involved in the Falun Gong, which was a mixture of Buddhism and Taoism. This sect involved meditation, and they never disturbed anyone by doing this. As this sect practised peace and meditation, they weren't doing any harm, especially to the government. Prison is not a place for innocent people. So many people have been involved in this sect including Communist party members and army members. "As many as 700,000 party members are suspected of being heavily tied...." This confirms that many people believed in this path of life. It was popular and accepted by many people. A warning was given to them; if the group didn't renounce themselves punishment would be given. Many were already arrested. The youngest political prisoners was an 8 year old boy who the Dalai Lama believe is the 11th incarnation of the Panchen Lama, which is the 2nd most important religious figure in Tibet. All minorities and religions are treated with great brutality. ...read more.


"A peasant landownership" was the aim, Landownership wasn't achieved. Because of the various stages of this land, freedom is not given to the peasants. Mao began to introduce land reform, the redistribution of land from landlords to poor peasants in the 1920's. The process of this didn't start in earnest until the late 1940's as Communists swept into power. Then in 1950, the Agrarian Reform Law introduced a legal framework for the transfer of land fro rich to poor peasants. After the new land was implemented, poor peasants owned 46.8% of land and landlords owned 2.1%. Poor men still had to rent land from richer citizens. Mao was determined to end this, and hoped eventually to ensure that all land was commonly owned. Freedom wasn't given to peasants. It didn't have instant success. Transforming from Agriculture to an Industrial on, in my opinion was achieved. There were various attempts to implement this aim. For example the Great Leap Forward where it's aim was to change. For this Chinese people were made to stay in mess hall communes, sleep in large dormitories and shared everything. The scheme was over-ambitious. The 4m's were aimed to develop agriculture, industry, science and technology and defence. These progressed exceptionally slowly. China today is till predominantly agricultural, but are well known for their industry. The 4m's were quite successful. Industries such as mining and textile making were developing in th early 1900's. The industrial aspect of the Great Leap Forward was a great success. The productions of steel and coal had grown greatly. The overall increase of industrial growth was about 15.5%. New products, for example electrical goods were manufactured in China for the first time. Mao set out to accelerate industrial development. Steel production had indeed greatly increases. Overall, Mao's policies on industry were a great success. When he came to power China was an agricultural country who peasants had no industrial experience. After two years of his death, by 1978, it had a growing industrial factor that produced 72 per sent of national output. Overall, it was an achievement. By Surjeet Mann ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The media plays an important role in society. What is its role and to ...

    It's a positive having different papers which gives us a choice as to which we want to read depending on our mood etc. But if someone always reads the same paper and they have been doing all their life, does that mean they will be a lot easier to persuade to do certain things.

  2. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    This was successful and by the mid-1950's it had got rid of inflation. Mao Zedong appealed for financial help from the USSR and as a result of this Mao and Stalin (the Soviet leader) developed a Treaty of Friendship, Alliance and Mutual Assistance which gave China financial aid and technical

  1. Asian Values in Singaporean Perspective.

    In this regard the Singaporean government, here represented by the long-time Minister President Lee Kuan Yew, has used their interpretation of Confucian thought to legitimize their right to govern. As Lee Kuan Yew and the elite were initially part of a minority Western-educated Social Democrats and the country's dramatic economic

  2. Select And Explain The Most Important Turning Points In Nelson Mandela's Life

    This therefore meant that De Klerk's task of rescuing South Africa which was on the verge of an economic crisis and civil war was only made harder, as by not ending the Apartheid, this only heightened the problems which De Klerk faced.

  1. Assess the Extent to which the Different Powers Prepared 'Their' African Colonies for Independence.

    Anti-white feelings are new to the Ivory Coast, becoming widespread after an army mutiny in 2003 and culminating with the murder of a French journalist. Xenophobia has also split into ethnic tensions with a North/South divide that perpetuates the country.

  2. Comparative Analysis: The churches and their affect on society and politics in the cases ...

    Finally the theory fails to take into account the ambivalent effects of the international realm upon politics. In the case of Namibia, where the CCN was stirring all sorts of unrest about the apartheid regime, both domestically and internationally, a sudden intervention from the USA gave South Africa a sudden

  1. Prospects for India's development

    Illiteracy rate falls to more acceptable levels.. Financial Reforms and FDI India accelerates financial reforms in banking reforms bearing some pains in restructuring. Capitals to gear up further economic growth are more available thorough a sound banking system, a privatized insurance sector and foreign investors (direct and portfolio investments)

  2. To what extent did Alexander II succeed in reforming Russian life and institutions?

    Alexander II established rural councils called Zemstva which were made up of members and voted in by electoral colleges: peasants, townspeople and nobles. Its functions were to look after the local buildings such as prisons and hospitals and to approve local projects such as the construction of roads or of new industries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work