• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

to what extent do pressure groups influence government

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

UK politics - to what extent do pressure groups influence government? Today in government decision making is not solely undertaken by the party in power. Evidently, parliament makes decisions and can delay proposals, however, government is partly influenced by insider and outsider groups, collectively these are called pressure groups. Some pressure groups, depending on the circumstances, have more influence than others. For example the CBI, Confederation of British Industry, is an insider group for the Labour government. The prime minister is very keen on having the support of business, thus he seeks out the views of leading business people. For example the P.M appointed Sir Alan sugar as a special business advisor. If the CBI says that it does not want interest rates to rise the government will listen carefully. Due to the fact that the CBI is in close discussion with the government it is called an insider group. Insider groups do not have marches or demonstrations. ...read more.

Middle

Groups such as the often controversial "fathers for justice", are very much outsider groups. In certain circumstances where the government has a smaller commons majority, pressure groups may feel that they have no opportunity to use more power on a weakened Executive. Pressure groups have been around for centauries and do in fact work, for example the suffragette movement was an outsider group which helped garner the women's vote. Pressure groups need to be strategic about who they want to target, and apply pressure on to. There is no point in offering their views in Westminster if it is a local issue the group are concerned about. More and more, the Scottish parliament is becoming the focus for pressure group lobbying as groups realise that their issues is decentralized issue. However not all outsider groups are the same. There are different degrees of being an outsider group. Terrorist groups such as Al'queda are on the margins. ...read more.

Conclusion

On the whole, it is very difficult to evaluate the impact that pressure groups have upon the decision making in central government. Evidently, they do bring about change but how much change they bring is still an unanswered question. Pressure groups influence is more likely to bring about changes in the long term. Actions of protestors and demonstrators in insider groups are more likely to be criticized for their methods, and thus less likely to bring about change. Even the methods that outsider groups use will not bring about a great deal of change; however, they do receive a lot of media coverage which will bring attention to their cause. For example the Make Poverty history campaign put Africa poverty on the front page of every news paper. Today, we live in a democracy. Pressure groups have the right to protest and introduce their causes to government. If their causes are popular government will listen and respond to certain groups demands, as the loss of support will ultimately lead to the decrease in election results for the government in power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The position of the New Labour government with Tony Blair ahead of that government.

    For example, in 1985 Britain devoted 6.1% of GDP to health, compared with 10.7% in the USA and OECD average of 7.3%. Moreover, of this expenditure, as little as 3% was attributed to administrative costs in the pre-reform NHS (Source: Gamble, 1993, p.252).

  2. Pressure Groups

    This is shown as being behind closed doors, and receives little publicity. A constant process for insiders is discussions with political parties and government. Mp's from political parties use pressure groups to gain more advice on policies and how to achieve them.

  1. PRESSURE GROUPS

    They are also better funded than promotional groups. Promotional groups are concerned with a specific social cause aimed at influencing policy-making in Westminster and its administration in Whitehall. They represent some belief or value and seek to act in the interest of their belief or value on a particular issue.

  2. "Critically evaluate the relationship between Members of Parliament, political parties and pressure groups in ...

    The Ten Minute Rule These are not always serious attempts at legislation. This path is used much more as a means of making a point that the law needs to be changed in a particular field. The ten minute rule allows a brief speech in favour of the bill by the member that introduced it.

  1. Explain and evaluate Locke's theory of government

    is necessary to form a government, which itself is formed by accepting the civil contract and uniting into commonwealths (Locke J., Two Treatise of Government, Yale University Press, p. 154). The commonwealths is agreed between people and government. Each individual gives up his rights towards the rule of majority, but

  2. How significant is the influence which pressure groups have on government? Is there any ...

    (Jackson, 2004) Pressure groups can be categorised further into insider and outsider groups. This distinction is concerned with the status held by the groups in the eyes of the government and the access it has to the decision makers in parliament. Insider groups will regularly be consulted by the government.

  1. What Is The Point of Pressure Groups

    These methods have a greater affect of gaining awareness to the cause rather than persuading the government. The members of a pressure group share common interests and which seek to influence the government.

  2. WWI, The Twenty-One Demands and The May Fourth Movement

    national heritage with scientific methods...to recreate civilisation".8 Although conservatives strongly opposed such a measure, the social atmosphere encouraged change, with the government eventually allowing Hu's new style of writing to be adopted in schools in 1920. University students, with a wider understanding of western social philosophy than the older conservatives,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work