• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent do the sources agree that Russian government policy on agriculture consistently failed and that peasants resisted it under both Tsarist and communist rule?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent do the sources agree that Russian government policy on agriculture consistently failed and that peasants resisted it under both Tsarist and communist rule? Hannah Roberts - Jones 13eld. There were many changes of agricultural policies under the Tsarist and communist rules of which all had different results and reactions. Stolypin's land law as stated in source 2 was produced 40 years after emancipation displaying that the policies made after emancipation were not successful as they were still being altered 40 years on. This supports the idea that government's policies on agriculture consistently failed. Source 1 supports this as it states that the peasants were still tied to the land after the emancipation highlighting the failure of the policies. Many of the sources state that the government policies before were a failure. Source 3 for example, states that collective farms were necessary as the policies before failed. ...read more.

Middle

There is some evidence that it wasn't the actual policies that failed, as source 4 states that it was the "stupid decisions" and the bad planning that clouded the success of the policies and made them fail. Source 4 was written after the fall of communism in 1991 were rapid changes were taking place. The blaming on planning could have been a way to protect the communist ideology and blame the planners. This source although gives the idea of success the context of the source gives reason to be sceptical on how far it was the planning that was the failure. This source however does give the idea that there were successes but the bad planning hid them. Source 2 supports this idea as Stolypin had a long term plan for agriculture as part a states that he wanted to strengthen the peasants with the ability to go further. ...read more.

Conclusion

In many of the sources there is blatant mention of the peasant resistance such as source 2 by stating that the peasants were very hostile to Stolypin's laws. This source however, was written by a tsarist official and does not give any more information about him such as what position he held. This could make the evidence biased as he could have been more conservative and didn't like Stolypin's radical ideas. The same source but part c shows that not all peasants resisted and that there were some that saw the benefits of policies. These sources do display however, the difference in the peasant's resistance as some peasants actively participated as source 4 states about the activists. There were some peasants such as the Bedniaks that benefited from being released from taxes and also got admission into schools. However, this also created more resistance amongst the peasants, as they were not seeing these benefits. This clearly shows that it depends on what category of peasant that you fell into to determine the level of your resistance. Word count - 769 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Sharpeville Massacre Sources Question

    held for such long periods in detention and then often either released without being charged or when charged usually acquitted; but this does not free them from police harassment. Though often declared innocent by the courts, they are often punished by being banned (again without recourse to the courts)

  2. Comparing the German and Russian systems of government

    The State Duma consists of 450 seats and is elected through two types of mandates. The first is the party-list vote, whereby 225 seats are divided among those parties that can hurdle the 5 percent vote barrier. The other 225 seats are distributed through single-member constituencies on a first-past-the-post basis.

  1. Using the evidence of Sources 2, 3 and 5, and your own knowledge explain ...

    The conflict between Protector and Parliament needed to be resolved in order to actually gain a settlement, and particularly a lasting political settlement. Another reason as to why Cromwell was unable to reach a lasting political settlement was the fact that despite his desire for 'healing and settling', he often

  2. Using your own knowledge and the evidence of Sources 1, 3 and 5 what ...

    The Protectorate was dependent on Cromwell as he was able to maintain a balance in the system of government, demonstrated by his willingness to work with Parliament and to work towards a civilian based government by making "parliament representative". The First Protectorate Parliament was not submissive to Cromwell and each

  1. The ending of White minority rule was achieved solely by Nelson Mandela. Do you ...

    But in 1962, on Mandela's return to South Africa, he was arrested. This is a key factor in which opinion disagrees with Mandela solely ending Apartheid. When arrested he was sent to a high security prison on Robben Island, off the coastline of South Africa, for 26 years.

  2. How did the failure of the Provisional Government allow for the rise of the ...

    The Provisional Government was accepted as the government, but could only carry out decisions if the Soviet agreed, showing there was no real power within the government. The main downfall of the Government was their want to be opposite to anything that resembled the Tsarist Regime, and relied on methods of persuasion and emotional support from the peasant class.

  1. To what extent did Alexander II succeed in reforming Russian life and institutions?

    However, as the land was bought by the government from the landlords, the peasants owed the government the money of the buy. So it was stipulated that they had 49 years to repay the government loan. Once peasants had reached this final stage in negotiating the lands, their legal and

  2. Economic Changes after the 1949 Communist Revolution in China

    This was cheaper for the government as they would overcome the problem of transporting food supplies to the workers. In the spring of 1958 communes replaced the co-operatives. The communes combined collective farming and small industries with all the functions of the local government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work