• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914?

Extracts from this document...


TO WHAT EXTENT HAD LIBERAL ITALY SATISFIED THE NEEDS OF ITALIANS BY 1914? One might think that the most efficient way of creating a truly united state would be to involve the people of the state, by giving the men and women a say in the matter. However the politicians who were controlling Italy, which at that time were the Liberals, disagreed completely. Politicians administrating the unification of Italy believed that the ordinary people of Italy were far too inferior and did not have the ability to participate in governmental issues. For many years Italy was faced with corruption and deceit. Bribery and incompetence were widespread within the Italian government, which later served to damage the reputation of the Liberal system within the eyes of many Italians. At this time Italy was divided into two separate parts. 'The legal Italy', which is the Italy of Parliament and the political class who ran the government, and 'The real Italy', which were the ordinary Italians with their day-to-day concerns. ...read more.


Between the years 1906 and 1914, the Liberal state took steps to improve the health standards and the living & working conditions of the lower class. The new legislation targeted many sectors of people, but the main area were the working class who were under risk of poverty, due to illness or unemployment. The state also targeted Italy's old and new generation, which in this case were the children and the old pensioners of Italy. Giolitti hoped that increase in wealth and prosperity would make the country's liberal institutes more acceptable and secure. The welfare of children was the first task undertaken by Giolitti's new government. Since the Local Education Authorities in 1902 were introduced the issue of malnourished had increased dramatically. "It is the height of cruelty to subject half starved children to the process of education", this was the report given by the Committee on Physical Deterioration. ...read more.


Under extreme pressure from Nationalists, Giolitti attacked Libya, which was then ruled by Turkey, and defeated the opposition forces. Italy was finally victorious in a war. However, many ordinary Italians had an aversion to the war, they were made to fight in a war, which they didn't comprehend. By going to war with Turkey might have reduced pressures from the far Right Nationalists, but it managed to invite heavy criticisms from the Socialists. Giolitti had to face up to a new challenge: the growth of Socialism, which was a development that startled many Italians. Some historians go in favour of Giolitti and try to argue that by 1914 Italy was on the way towards security. However some managed to point out some factorial issues, which might confront Giolitti in his efforts to make the regime more secure. Such as: * Could Giovanni Giolitti gain the support of the masses yet keep that of the traditional elites? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    or a Muslim, rather than being Turkish, however, some of the population did regard themselves as Turkish and Ottoman, and there were even religious segregation as some referred to themselves as Sunni Muslim or Shia Muslim. What can be identified here that there is no common allegiance which unified the population under one shared umbrella.

  2. "Did the Liberal Government of 1906-14 create the early Welfare State?"

    In the same year labour exchanges were set up by Winston Churchill which helped the unemployed find work. The main reform that had a direct effect on the sick and the unemployed was in the introduction of the National Insurance Act of 1911.

  1. Describe one achievement of the Liberal Government's aim in reducing the burden of poverty ...

    Most, if not all, of the reforms were aimed at the middle, working class. With their vote, the new government was bound to be successful. Last, but not least, compassion for the people was a rare concept for the British government.

  2. To What Extent Did Socialism and Syndicalism Threaten the Establishment 1910-1914?

    Laybourn (97) also insists socialist ideas did play an important role in the party's development. But due to the fact the LRC, as the Labour Party began, was an umbrella corporation for lots of different bodies with different views it settled on half-way policies that they all could agree on.


    pressuring governments as well as international organizations for change and working with various sectors to implement innovative anti-corruption reforms. Civil society as a third sector in a new governance structure can play a vital role in limiting corruption but they also have their limits.

  2. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    Moreover, it is unfair to generalise and say that all Italians were idle as there were certain sections of society that worked harder than others. For example, women had an incredibly tough time under Mussolini's fascist government. Not only were they encouraged to be the perfect housewives, looking after the

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Nationalists, including thousands of the soldiers who were just being demobilised, were also furious about how the Liberals had organised the war campaign and felt betrayed by the terms of the peace treaty - they argued that it was a 'mutilated victory', the result of weak Liberal negotiations.

  2. Mazzini's ideas and inspiration transformed attitudes to change in Italy in the 1830's - ...

    Carlo Catteneo had similar views to Mazzini on unification. Carlo Cattenao was born in Milan in 1801 and died at Castagnolia, near Lugano, Switzerland, in 1869. He graduated from the University of Pavia in 1824 and taught at a secondary school in Milan. A leading proponent of free trade and critic of protectionism, Catteneo was among several Lombard Intellectuals

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work