• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

TO WHAT EXTENT HAD LIBERAL ITALY SATISFIED THE NEEDS OF ITALIANS BY 1914? One might think that the most efficient way of creating a truly united state would be to involve the people of the state, by giving the men and women a say in the matter. However the politicians who were controlling Italy, which at that time were the Liberals, disagreed completely. Politicians administrating the unification of Italy believed that the ordinary people of Italy were far too inferior and did not have the ability to participate in governmental issues. For many years Italy was faced with corruption and deceit. Bribery and incompetence were widespread within the Italian government, which later served to damage the reputation of the Liberal system within the eyes of many Italians. At this time Italy was divided into two separate parts. 'The legal Italy', which is the Italy of Parliament and the political class who ran the government, and 'The real Italy', which were the ordinary Italians with their day-to-day concerns. ...read more.

Middle

Between the years 1906 and 1914, the Liberal state took steps to improve the health standards and the living & working conditions of the lower class. The new legislation targeted many sectors of people, but the main area were the working class who were under risk of poverty, due to illness or unemployment. The state also targeted Italy's old and new generation, which in this case were the children and the old pensioners of Italy. Giolitti hoped that increase in wealth and prosperity would make the country's liberal institutes more acceptable and secure. The welfare of children was the first task undertaken by Giolitti's new government. Since the Local Education Authorities in 1902 were introduced the issue of malnourished had increased dramatically. "It is the height of cruelty to subject half starved children to the process of education", this was the report given by the Committee on Physical Deterioration. ...read more.

Conclusion

Under extreme pressure from Nationalists, Giolitti attacked Libya, which was then ruled by Turkey, and defeated the opposition forces. Italy was finally victorious in a war. However, many ordinary Italians had an aversion to the war, they were made to fight in a war, which they didn't comprehend. By going to war with Turkey might have reduced pressures from the far Right Nationalists, but it managed to invite heavy criticisms from the Socialists. Giolitti had to face up to a new challenge: the growth of Socialism, which was a development that startled many Italians. Some historians go in favour of Giolitti and try to argue that by 1914 Italy was on the way towards security. However some managed to point out some factorial issues, which might confront Giolitti in his efforts to make the regime more secure. Such as: * Could Giovanni Giolitti gain the support of the masses yet keep that of the traditional elites? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    More confident after the success of the Bolsheviks in Russia the Socialist party had abandoned its commitment to gradual reform; the party was now dominated by revolutionaries who wished to overthrow the Liberal State and create a 'socialist republic'. In August 1919 the PSI had published a Socialist Manifesto setting out this aim.

  2. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    the puppets of the west as they were initially implemented by them. Ataturk was an ex-Ottoman commander and after the collapse of the empire after WW1, he successfully managed to combat against the internal traditionalists' opposition and foreign intervention and shortly after this triumphant whereby Turkey received their independence, Ataturk

  1. COMBATING CORRUPTION IN BANGLADESH: SOME STRATEGIES

    Implicit price subsidies, in the form of tax and utility arrears, provide politicians and bureaucrats with discretionary power that is highly subject to abuse. Liberalization can help to reduce this discretionary power, but only if reform is undertaken in a transparent and non-discriminatory power, but only if reform is undertaken

  2. How far is it true to say that 'having made Italy', Italian governments were ...

    the Italians did not really desire or respect a fascist government, they didn't work particularly hard for it. On the other had you could say that the people themselves were simply idle because even though they resented aspects of the regime, they did not manage to organise a way to overthrow it.

  1. "Did the Liberal Government of 1906-14 create the early Welfare State?"

    But evidence may suggest that there were other factors that lead the Liberal party to introduction social reforms. First the emergence of the newly formed Labour Party may have put pressure on the Liberal to introduce social reforms. The Labour Party was committed to their own program of social reforms,

  2. 'We have made Italy, now we must make Italians' How successful had the Liberal ...

    The Chamber, elected every five years, was the more powerful of the two houses for, although government ministers were appointed and could be dismissed by the King, they were usually drawn from the Chamber. However the system had many weaknesses and, in years immediately before 1914, became more difficult to manage.

  1. How far had the Liberal Governments of Italy gone to solve Italy's problems by ...

    feeling part of Italy was one that the Liberal Governments had to strive to solve. On the whole it was the kingdom of Piedmont, foreign armies, students, intellectuals and craftsmen who brought about the unification of Italy. People are always more ready to support a cause they have fought for, and their friends died for.

  2. Describe one achievement of the Liberal Government's aim in reducing the burden of poverty ...

    The New Liberals believed that having a country with a strong economy came as a result of having efficient workers. It was unsure as to whether Britain would be able to maintain economic prosperity. There was severe competition from other countries and profits were slipping.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work