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To what extent had the Liberal Government made Italians by 1914?

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Introduction

To what extent had the Liberal Government made Italians by 1914? After Unification in 1870 the Liberal government had hoped to have been left with a population that felt proud to be a part of Italy and that they had confidence in the government and the way in which they were controlling the country. The main hope was that Nationalism had increased and become widespread across Italy. The Liberal government had many groups of people to make happy and gain their confidence. These groups included Liberals, aristocracy, the working class and Catholics. These groups all felt differently about the government and the way they felt about being Italians varied. The Liberals were the happiest group within Italy in 1914. They were happy because they were in power and ran the country. One of the major and most favourable achievements that the Liberals had made was that they widened suffrage from two, to nine million by 1912. This meant that there were many more Italians taking part in the representative government. This would have made the Liberals happy because more of the population would be pleased with the widening of suffrage and bring a sense of nationalism now that they were allowed to vote and have a say in how the country is being run. ...read more.

Middle

Overall the Liberals were very proud of their achievements. Another group that were happy and were 'made Italians' were the upper class (aristocracy) landowners. This group was content with the government because nothing had really changed that affected this group. The higher-class landowners were doing well before 1914 and still were by this time. This was true especially in the south. In the south rich landowners made a lot of money from the land that their slaves farmed. As the industry in the south had not developed to the extent that it had done in the north, the peasants' only option was to work for the aristocracy on their land. Also the trade value had increased six times and so the products that were produced and exported were more valuable and so the aristocracy may have got even a bit richer. The trade unions were poor and in the south were nearly non-existent and so the peasants didn't go on strike. This 'made Italians' because the aristocracy was happy with the government and how they affected their lives. ...read more.

Conclusion

how the country was being run and this would effect the trade unions and how they worked and also the Liberal party would try to gain their vote by pleasing them even if this meant that it would disadvantage the industrialists and how they treated their workers. The Catholics were a group that were not happy completely with the Liberal government but preferred them to socialists and their ideas and so they supported the Liberals to the extent that the socialists did not get into power. They did not like the socialists because they thought that their ideas were radical and atheistic. Also they opposed the Liberals, as they believed that their regime was illegitimate. Catholics also did not agree with the Liberals because they excluded the Pope and took his land and imperial power that he ruled over. Another group that was not happy with the way in which the government was running the country were the peasants. They did not like the way in which they were being treated, especially in the south. A high majority wanted to emigrate the country in hope of finding better work so they could at least support their families. ...read more.

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