• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Tobacco Regulations in Canada and the US.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Tobacco Regulations in Canada and the US Over the passed thirty years the Canadian and American governments have attempted to intervene on the sale of tobacco products. "Throughout North America, governments- federal, provincial, state and local have declared tobacco to be public health enemy number one."1 Smoking cigarettes has proven to be the main cause in developing illnesses such as cancer, coronary diseases, heart attacks and lung disorders. Since early nineteenth century the dangers and effects produced by smoking tobacco products have been discovered and discussed within society and in the political spectrum. The government's intentions regarding the regulation of tobacco is a controversial issue. It is widely viewed that the government is more interested in their own special interests and not as interested in creating laws that restrict the sale of lethal products. Governments have implemented several policies restricting commercial ads concerning cigarettes on television and radio, they have forced cigarette companies to put health risks on each cigarette package, created by-laws restricting where people can smoke and also have placed harsher punishments for selling cigarettes to minors. The most prominent contribution to government's regulation of tobacco sales is through taxation. Tobacco companies pay large sums of money to the government to cover medical expenses of which tobacco is considered the main cause. Governments in Canada and the United States have used the regulation of tobacco legislation to pull votes from non-smokers, to gain massive amounts of money through taxation, and to maximize the budget for medical care that tobacco companies must pay to compensate for federal medical expenses. Brief History of tobacco Tobacco Companies actively market highly addictive and lethal products, and have done so for many years in Canada and the United States. ...read more.

Middle

educate the general public on how the tobacco companies are providing a dangerous product and can be extremely harmful to the human body. This type of money hording by the government is not only seen while addressing the United States, but also the way Canada enforced tobacco taxes. In 1986 smokers paid more in tobacco taxes than they cost the health care system. 8 As the Canadian and American governments raise taxes on tobacco products their income of revenue increases. Therefore, why would governments lower taxes on tobacco when they are able to benefit from it's sales. In 1978 smokers in Ontario cost the government between $21.5 and $39.1 million but paid $485 million in taxes. The government implemented this increase in taxation to pay for the increased health care costs that smoking weighs on the government. However, it is extremely contradictive to solely tax tobacco companies when there is scientific evidence that shows fast food chains are also a major contributor to disease and poor health. Critics charge, however, that "sin taxes" on products such as alcohol and cigarettes disproportionately affect low-income and minority communities. Ed Meyers of the Washington, D.C.-based Citizens for Tax Justice says that cigarette taxes are "very regressive" and fall "hardest upon those with the least ability to pay." Meyers says, "We are not convinced the tax code is the place to make social or health policy."10 There does appear to be an irony in the Canadian policy which emphasizes a focus on tobacco companies rather than individual smokers relying heavily on consumption taxes. Another problem that was stated was that the tobacco industry was targeting new underage smokers. ...read more.

Conclusion

The socioeconomic impact of a sudden change in official policy would be great, a circumstance reflecting the momentum of several centuries of intense commercial activity. ENDNOTES 1 Fraser Institute, The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past (Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2000) pg. 3. 2 John Stauber and Sheldon Rampton Smokin'! How the American Tobacco Industry Employs PR Scum to Continue Its Murderous Assault on Human Lives. Available: http://desrt.net/tw/11-22-95/cover.html. Pg.1 3 Ibid Pg.2 4 Ibid Pg.2 5 Fraser Institute, The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past (Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2000) pg.3 6 Nancy Annette Ross Attitudes Towards Smoking in the Community Intervention Trial for Smoking Cessation (COMMIT) McMaster University, 1996. pg.92 7 Charles Babington, "Underage Smoking Fine Sought for Big Tobacco." Washington Post. 4 Feb. 2000. Sec A: Page A06,07 8 Fraser Institute, The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past (Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2000) pg. 17 10 Holley Knaus. Targeting Corporations: Canada's anti-smoking Program. http://multinationalmonitor.org/hyper/issues/1992/01/mm0192_10.html 11 Fraser Institute, The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past (Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2000) pg.7 12 Charles Babington, "Underage Smoking Fine Sought for Big Tobacco." Washington Post. 4 Feb. 2000. Sec A: Page A06,07 13 William H. Shaw and Barry Vincent Moral Issues in Business. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, 1998. pg 460 14 Fraser Institute, The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past (Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2000) pg.7 15 Ibid pg.7 16 Ibid pg.8 17 Smoking and Health Initiatives - P.M. International," Internal Company Memorandum, 1985 18 Ibid 19 Susan Motley, "Burning the South: US Tobacco Companies in the Third World," Multinational Monitor, July/August 1987. 20 J. J Gottsegen. Tobacco-A Study of its Consumption in the United States, New York-Chicago: Pitman Publishing Corp., 1940, 8-10. 21 Fraser Institute, The History of Tobacco Regulation: Forward to the Past (Vancouver: Fraser Institute, 2000) pg.6 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Introduction and Company Background.

    Also, employing the third party logistics provider can lower our transportation costs because they gained a vast amount of experience with all types of freight and with all modes of shipping. They have complete information in hand and bargaining power of the better freight rate.

  2. Australia’s image in Asia.

    In some Asian countries human rights policies are violated every day and these prove to be a constant source of difficulty for our foreign affairs office as our objection to the lack of human rights in these countries often effects our relations with these countries.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    A new year had started for the French rule in Malta, however the first month of 1799 was bloody and many brave and courageous patriots were shot and guillotined. The scheme lead by Lorenzi and Dun Mikiel Xerri was to attack the magisterial palace, the place were Vabois lived.

  2. Nicholas Fraser and Marysa Navarro's biography Evita is a cogent work that incorporates the ...

    lived with a mistress), president of one of the richest nations that arose out of the ashes of the Second World War. Evita even doctored her birth and marriage certificates to hide her illegitimacy, thus fully transforming herself from rags to riches.

  1. The Drug Policy in the United States

    This is one argument that they use to justify the outlawing of these drugs. They believe that if they can lower the supply and demand for harmful drugs that is a start to eliminating them from the streets. Supporters of the government's drug policy also stand by their argument that

  2. Chartist aims and methods - Source related study.

    This source leaves us in no doubt as to whether a Chartist rebellion would be likely. Source D is not a very reliable source although with the evidence given it is rather valuable for this question. The evidence is primary and contemporary, for it is only written one year after the incident of the Newport Rising.

  1. Nationalism as applied to business

    A free market is a market where the price of each item or service is arranged by the mutual consent of sellers and buyers (see supply and demand); the opposite is a controlled market, where supply and price are set by a government.[1] However, while a free market necessitates that

  2. A Critical Evaluation of UK's ID Card schemeA Government's proposal to monitor its Citizens

    "Ministers hope the ID card Bill will be rushed through, possibly before the May 30th Bank Holiday" [4] 5. THE CATALYST FOR THE CARD'S INTRODUCTION It is no secret that for many years now, Mr Blair's recently re-elected Labour Party has always been in favour of introducing a national ID card.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work