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Using All the Information In This Section and the Results In the Table Attempt To Give a Well Balanced Explaination of the Conservative Success

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Introduction

USING ALL THE INFORMATION IN THIS SECTION AND THE RESULTS IN THE TABLE ATTEMPT TO GIVE A WELL BALANCED EXPLAINATION OF THE CONSERVATIVE SUCCESS Lord Salisbury William Gladstone In the period of late 19th century and early 20th century the Conservative Party of Britain was a very strong organisation and it had the support of all classes of people in the UK. Its opposing parties Labour and Liberal could not cope up with the popularity of the Conservatives. Liberals also had some splits within them and organisational weaknesses whereas Labour was a nascent party and was yet to be seen as a major party on the big stage. There were various aspects at which one might look to find out the reasons behind Conservative success in that period. Lord Salisbury, Prime Minister of England and the main Conservative leader persuaded the queen to call a general election soon after the British forces won against the main Boer armies in South Africa. This would lead to a widespread Conservative support because the conservatives would claim the credit for the English victory in the war due to their strategies. ...read more.

Middle

On the other hand the Liberals were supporting social reforms to occur on a large scale. They endorsed proposals from the National Liberal Federation Conference at Newcastle in favour of a large programme to bring about massive changes in the society called the Newcastle Programme. This was the main issue in Liberal Election campaigns although they achieved little out of it because of the weaknesses in their own organisation and the opposition from the Lords. The causes of the Conservative Success have another aspect-that of the Irish Home Rule. The policy of the Conservative Party was to oppose the Irish Home Rule and among the people this policy was much appreciated and welcomed because they saw it as a defence of their empire. The Liberals, on the other hand, favoured Irish Home Rule and this led to the loss of support from the masses. If we compare the leaders of both parties we see that the Conservatives had clearly an upper hand and they flourished under the leadership of Lord Robert Salisbury. The greatest speaker and politician of the time, Gladstone retired in 1894 and after that the Liberals had Rosebery who suffered from constant disagreement from within the party and then by Campbell-Bannerman. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Conservatives held their tradition for protecting property of the wealthier classes and the protection of the crown empire. So adapting this way made it far easier for the Conservatives to raise money because their supporters would mainly be from the higher class whereas the Liberals often had the support of the common people who were often not rich enough to contribute to the part on a large scale. The Conservatives protected the idea of increasing the power of the Church of England and the Liberals, on the other hand, supported the Non-Conformists. To summarise the section on voter appeal, we might say that the Liberals won a considerable number of worker votes but the Conservatives won a large amount of workers votes beside their usual voters who were the rich. Thus we see that all the aspects lead to a strong Conservative support within the people of UK-both the higher as well as the masses. They managed to gain the support of the working men as well as the rich lords. We may conclude by saying that conservatives were the strongest force on the political arena within the UK in the time period of the 1890s and the early 20th century. ?? ?? ?? ?? ARUNI MUKHERJEE 1 ...read more.

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