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"Voters choices are better reflected By Systems of PR than FPTP." Discuss.

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Introduction

Tom Chamberlin "Voters choices are better reflected By Systems of PR than FPTP." Discuss. Elections are used to select a government on behalf of the people. As Dennis Kavanagh puts it "Elections lie at the heart of the Democratic process." In other words, Elections are the basis of every country deemed to be a democracy. Many different systems are in use. First-Past-The-Post is the system that is pioneered by Britain and also used in America, while different variations of Proportional Representation (or PR) are used in most of the European countries. There has now become an increasing amount of support for Britain to change its system to that of PR, and I will be discussing alternatives to FPTP, as well as disadvantages and advantages for each. FPTP has been used in Britain for a very long time, and is accountable for allowing our political system being admired throughout the world, as it gives the strongest government, as very few elections are won by a couple of seats, as there is almost always a clear majority of seats for the successful party. ...read more.

Middle

The most notable outcome of this election was the turnout of the electorate. Out of the 44,000,000 of the electorate, only 10,000,000 voted, in other words, a turnout of around 25%. This was down from the 30% the previous election; an indication that perhaps some people were worried about the new system, and it is thought more would of voted if the system used would have been FPTP. It is still a poor turnout when compared to Belgium's 90% turnout in the same election. The outcome of the last election if proportional representation was used would be the same in the way of percentage of votes, yet the number of seats would be very different. Labour's current stance at 412 seats would be slashed down to around 300; the Conservatives would gain a few up to 250 or so seats, and the Lib. Dems. Would receive around 100. It would have seen a lot more seats going to smaller parties and extremist parties. Labour would have had to form a coalition government to gain a full majority. ...read more.

Conclusion

In Scandinavia, taxes are high, yet public services are very high quality. Though they tend to disagree, it has been shown that a coalition can work well together. Also, in the Scottish assembly, the Labour-Liberal Democrat coalition has been successful, free heating for the elderly and a ban on fox hunting, as well as the scrapping of student tuition fees among their successes. Each electoral system has both their respective good and bad points, revealing that no electoral system is perfect. Although PR offers the voter a lot more choice than FPTP, voters may be confused as to how the system works, and turnout may decrease. It is evident that the parties want reform a lot more than the people, perhaps displaying the public's satisfaction with the FPTP system, and perhaps also showing that the electorate would rather have a strong government than a coalition. Though the main arguments are about fairness for the smaller parties and a chance for people to be fairly represented, which are against FPTP. The main arguments for FPTP are a strong government and its simplicity. The argument will continue for many years, as the party in power can implement it, it is unlikely to as FPTP is more favourable to stay in power. ...read more.

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