• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What has been the impact of the use of proportional systems in the UK?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What has been the impact of the use of proportional systems in the UK? (30) There are three main proportional representation systems that have been developed that try to ensure that party's seats are earned more proportionally. The use of the Single Transferable Vote, List and Additional Member systems has changed UK politics, effecting representation, governance, policy and parties alike. The Single Transferable Vote system, which is very complex, is used in Northern Ireland for all but the UK election. It has helped widen representation and improve democracy. It has long worked with on the whole beneficial results in the Republic of Ireland (as we have seen), a country which had previously shared at least a part of the British parliamentary tradition. ...read more.

Middle

Labour won 28 seats in the Welsh assembly in 1999, 3 short of an overall majority, meaning they had to form a coalition government with the Lib Dems, much to the Lib Dems satisfaction, as they support AMS for this very reason - it means a much less dominant party and so a government for the people and not the party. In Scotland a very similar case occurred with again falling short of a majority and again forming a coalition government with the lid Dems. The use of AMS & the resultant coalitions in Scotland & in Wales 1999-2003 has led to a degree of policy variance within the various parts of the UK. In Scotland the Labour-Liberal Democrat coalition has abolished up-front tuition fees, introduced free nursing care of the elderly, banned fox hunting & repealed Clause 28, none of which have occurred in England. ...read more.

Conclusion

Proportional systems such as AMS, STV & the regional List system allow smaller parties to be fairly represented & achieve their first seats in the various legislatures. Smaller parties such as the Greens have achieved their first seats securing 2 seats in the 1999 European elections under the regional List & 7 seats under AMS in the 2003 Scottish Parliamentary elections. UKIP also achieved 3 seats in the 1999 EU elections & the Scottish Parliament now has 4 independents MSPs & 6 Scottish Socialist Party representatives. Therefore the use of more proportional electoral systems in the UK has had a mixed impact on politics in the UK. The use of AMS, the regional List & STV have made politics more varied, improved representation & democracy, successfully introducing coalition & consensus politics into the UK. In Northern Ireland STV has worked since 1973, showing it has stood the test of time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    What have been the effects of the use of proportional electoral systems in the ...

    3 star(s)

    formed and has to include at least one party with a catholic association and one party with a protestant association. Again, the STV system is much more likely to produce a coalition than the FPTP system. However, the negative effects of the system include the inconsistencies in translating votes into

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    * Reflected the interests of the growing industrial workers. * Promoted a radical redistribution of income and wealth. * Planned rather than a free market economy. * Socialism is different from Communism in that Communism takes redistribution further. A Radical Ideology- * Conservatism involves a defence of traditional social arrangements.

  1. What has been the impact of the use of proportional systems in the UK?

    STV also provides a better chance for the election of popular independent candidates than List PR, because voters are choosing between candidates, rather than between parties. Elections for the Scottish Parliament were the first in the United Kingdom to use the additional member system (AMS), which is another method of proportional representation (PR).

  2. With reference to any material you have studied explain the approach of the Democratic ...

    Sinn Fein (SF) on the other hand, In signing up to the GFA, like the other pro-agreement parties had accepted from the outset the inevitable need for compromise. For SF this meant the inevitability of decommissioning. It played the politics of negotiation, acknowledging that while decommissioning would take place, it would be a process, which it would control rather than the British government.

  1. Critically evaluate the impact of the National Lottery since its inception on the arts ...

    All these programmes have been extremely effective and have continuously impacted the arts in England by allowing individuals and organisations a chance to pursue their chosen art form with financial backing. This backing would be substantially less had the National Lottery not been introduced.

  2. Arguments for and Against the use of Referendums in the UK

    were followed, there would be less room for criticism and more chance for direct democracy. Referendums shouldn't be used to simply side-step parliamentary procedures, and they should not be a substitute for parliamentary democracy; they should be used whenever the public show they have strong views on an issue, either through petitions or pressure groups.

  1. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    The Communists rejected the offer and so did Aung San who preferred to ask for assistance from the Chinese Communist party and secretly he left for Shanghai. However, Aung San changed his mind and agreed with the Japanese to form a fighting force to train 29 others in Hainan.

  2. What impact has the use of PR had on parties in the UK?

    In Wales, Labour did very badly from the list system (0%) yet got a majority of votes from the Welsh constituency (30%), Whereas Conservative did very well from the list system with 10% votes. These patterns were repeated in the Scottish votes, with Labour gaining 46% votes from the constituency election and conservative attaining 15% from the list.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work