• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What has been the impact of the use of proportional systems in the UK?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What has been the impact of the use of proportional systems in the UK? (30) There are three main proportional representation systems that have been developed that try to ensure that party's seats are earned more proportionally. The use of the Single Transferable Vote, List and Additional Member systems has changed UK politics, effecting representation, governance, policy and parties alike. The Single Transferable Vote system, which is very complex, is used in Northern Ireland for all but the UK election. It has helped widen representation and improve democracy. It has long worked with on the whole beneficial results in the Republic of Ireland (as we have seen), a country which had previously shared at least a part of the British parliamentary tradition. ...read more.

Middle

Labour won 28 seats in the Welsh assembly in 1999, 3 short of an overall majority, meaning they had to form a coalition government with the Lib Dems, much to the Lib Dems satisfaction, as they support AMS for this very reason - it means a much less dominant party and so a government for the people and not the party. In Scotland a very similar case occurred with again falling short of a majority and again forming a coalition government with the lid Dems. The use of AMS & the resultant coalitions in Scotland & in Wales 1999-2003 has led to a degree of policy variance within the various parts of the UK. In Scotland the Labour-Liberal Democrat coalition has abolished up-front tuition fees, introduced free nursing care of the elderly, banned fox hunting & repealed Clause 28, none of which have occurred in England. ...read more.

Conclusion

Proportional systems such as AMS, STV & the regional List system allow smaller parties to be fairly represented & achieve their first seats in the various legislatures. Smaller parties such as the Greens have achieved their first seats securing 2 seats in the 1999 European elections under the regional List & 7 seats under AMS in the 2003 Scottish Parliamentary elections. UKIP also achieved 3 seats in the 1999 EU elections & the Scottish Parliament now has 4 independents MSPs & 6 Scottish Socialist Party representatives. Therefore the use of more proportional electoral systems in the UK has had a mixed impact on politics in the UK. The use of AMS, the regional List & STV have made politics more varied, improved representation & democracy, successfully introducing coalition & consensus politics into the UK. In Northern Ireland STV has worked since 1973, showing it has stood the test of time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    What have been the effects of the use of proportional electoral systems in the ...

    3 star(s)

    formed and has to include at least one party with a catholic association and one party with a protestant association. Again, the STV system is much more likely to produce a coalition than the FPTP system. However, the negative effects of the system include the inconsistencies in translating votes into

  2. Arguments for and Against the use of Referendums in the UK

    As the Government funds backed the 'yes' vote, the report suggested the campaign for a Welsh assembly only won narrowly due to this fact. The votes counted showed 559,419 votes to 552,698 votes, that being only 50.1% of the electorate anyway.

  1. With reference to any material you have studied explain the approach of the Democratic ...

    The party gained 18 assembly seats in the 1996 elections. In the 2001 Westminster elections SF's share of the vote increased further, and the party won an extra two seats bringing their total to four. The SDLP was sensationally relegated to 4th largest party and SF exceeded the SDLP in terms of Westminster seats.

  2. Critically evaluate the impact of the National Lottery since its inception on the arts ...

    The management of the National Lottery Distribution Fund has come under scrutiny this past year who believe that the high levels of finance in the fund has been caused by inefficient management and an overcomplicated application procedure. The changes made in the National Lottery Act 1998 partly improved this due

  1. The Uk policy making process.

    Royal Assent has not been refused to any Bill since 1707. There are also several other types of Bills initiated by ordinary MPs rather than the Government, and they essentially go through the same process of parliamentary scrutiny. The main difference between Government Bills and Private Member's Bills is that

  2. What is Politics UK politics revision notes

    * Quota established as a threshold of winning a seat - for example fir a 5-member constituency 20% of the vote is required. For a 2 member constituency 50% is required. * Votes surplus to the quota are redistributed to fill other seats.

  1. What has been the impact of the use of proportional systems in the UK?

    STV also provides a better chance for the election of popular independent candidates than List PR, because voters are choosing between candidates, rather than between parties. Elections for the Scottish Parliament were the first in the United Kingdom to use the additional member system (AMS), which is another method of proportional representation (PR).

  2. The development of nationalist movements in Southeast Asia

    which placed the academic and administrative control of the University under the British government. 3. The strike of 1920 was significant for the development of student involvement in politics as they realised the effectiveness of student involvement in politics. It was to set the example for the students of the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work