• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What Impact Did Mao Have On The Chinese People Since 1949 In The Following Areas: Economic, Social And Political?

Extracts from this document...


What Impact Did Mao Have On The Chinese People Since 1949 In The Following Areas: Economic, Social And Political? INTRODUCTION When Mao Zedong came to power he faced big problems. China had faced a century of weakness and exploitation by foreigners. There was no industry, which meant mass unemployment particularly in urban areas, there was a huge food shortage, the population was continuing to grow rapidly, it was growing by 14 million a year and after 50 years of fighting the country was in ruin and despair. Money no longer had any value and Mao had to make sure the government could rebuild the country and keep control of the people. When the communists came to power Mao had a new vision for China. On the 1st October 1949, Mao Zedong (When above the gate of heavenly peace, in Beijing, which was to become the capital once again) said, "We announce the setting up of the peoples republic of China. Our nation will from now on enter the large family of peace loving and freedom loving nations of the world. It will work bravely to create its own civilisation and happiness and will at the same time promote world peace and freedom. Our nation will never again be insulted. We have stood up". Officially the Peoples Republic of China was to be ruled by a coalition government made up of 14 different parties all of which were small compared to the communist party. ...read more.


After China entered the Korean War, the initial changes in Chinese domestic policies gave way to a massive campaign against the "enemies of the state," actual and potential. These enemies consisted of "war criminals, traitors, bureaucratic capitalists, and counter revolutionaries." The campaign was combined with party-sponsored trials attended by huge numbers of people. The major targets in this drive were foreigners and Christian missionaries who were branded as United States agents at these mass trials. A reform campaign requiring self-criticisms and public confessions by university faculty members, scientists, and other professional workers was given wide publicity. Artists and writers were soon the objects of similar treatment for failing to heed Mao's words that culture and literature must reflect interests of the working people. These campaigns were accompanied in 1950 by the three anti's ("san fan") movement. It was directed against the evils of "corruption, waste, and bureaucracy"; its real aim was to eliminate any enemies of communism. It led to raids, public trials and even executions for those viewed as willing to harm and destroy the country " In the course of this campaign the party claimed to have uncovered a well-organized attempt by businessmen and industrialists to corrupt party and government officials, this led to businessmen being weeded out for punishment many just 'disappeared'. This charge was enlarged into an assault on the bourgeoisie as a whole. ...read more.


When the five anti's campaign began it concentrated on tax evasion, bribery, fraud, spying, and stealing of state assets. The guilty were sent for 're-education'. Politically the communists felt that china was stabilizing now that the evil vices had been removed. In 1956 Mao decided to allow people to let of steam by saying what they wanted about the communist party, its policies and its leaders. He said "It is only by using discussion, criticism and reasoning that we can really foster correct ideas, overcome wrong ideas and really settle issues." Putting it another way, he quoted from ancient Chinese history saying "Let a hundred flowers bloom" Meaning that free speech and argument were healthy and should be encouraged. For a while people spoke more freely than Mao would have liked. People were not just complaining about leaders and policies they were challenging the ideals of communism. In June 1957 Mao Zedong cracked down on his critics. Many were arrested and sent away to camps in the countryside for 'thought reform' others were sacked from their jobs. People were forbidden to speak freely and the press were once again censored. The 'Hundred Flowers' withered as rapidly as they had bloomed. Many people believed the real reason for the Hundred Flower Campaign, was for Mao to bait his enemies in to showing themselves, where they could be arrested. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. What impact did Mao have on the lives of the Chinese people from 1949 ...

    They also had to pay an Agricultural tax on their produce. The Party leaders who toured the villages helping the poor peasants put the Agrarian Reform Law into action and collected the Agricultural tax. The consequences of these changes meant that life was made better for poor peasants who gained

  2. Serfdom – Emancipation, etc

    Russia followed a great-power policy. This luxury was much more expensive at the time of the Japanese War than it had been during the Crimean War. The peasant, nominally free but in fact still tied to the land, provided the ambitious State with the money for aggressive policies.

  1. Pakistan's Political and Economic Development

    during his time, it grew at a rate of less than 2% compared to rates of 10% during the 'decade of development' in Ayub Khan's time. 'Pakistan's performance during 1970s remained unsatisfactory compared to the 1960s'.12 Zulfiqar Bhutto's lackluster performance can be attributed to his unstable political decisions and his

  2. Have the Chinese people been better off in each of these areas since the ...

    In addition to the understandable emotional effects of limiting one's offspring, many rural families required large numbers of children to help cultivate their land and maximise already small profits. Also, the incentives offered to families of only one child, coupled with the general preference of sons over daughters, led to

  1. The causes and the political and social consequences of the Dreyfus Affair in France

    If the Republic was in danger, it was also because number of number of its servants, at the end of the century, as under Vichy, was not truly faithful to it.16 SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES. The Affair aroused the commitment of the artists and most renowned intellectuals of the time.


    There are government act as monopolies in mono respects, discretion that government and its monopolistic public agencies enjoy in their decision making and allocative roles, Lack of effective accountability in government except in the nominal sense of presenting annual audited accounts and reports to parliament of answering questions in the

  1. From 1949 to the beginning of the Great Leap Forward in 1958, China went ...

    As a result, Mao wanted women to work as well, for the good of country, and with the feet bound would make it extremely difficult for women to work in the field. Followed by the Women's Rights, Mao decided that it was extremely crucial to rectify and reform China's economy,

  2. What impact did Mao have on the lives of Chinese people since 1949 in ...

    The Great Leap Forward was a second step in Mao's plan for economic development. This time the aim was to increase productivity in industry by increasing agricultural yield, and therefore provide more comfortable lives for the people of China who could then work harder.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work