• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is the difference between a nation and a state? The rise of Nationalism

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

HWM 0A1 UNIT 9 THE RISE OF NATIONALISM PART A: THE RISE OF THE NATION-STATE 1. Read your text Legacy: The West and The World pp.291-300 and then answer questions #1-3 on page 300 What is the difference between a nation and a state? The difference between a nation and a state is that a nation is defined as a community of people composed of one or more nationalities and possessing a more or less defined territory and government or a territorial division containing a body of people of one or more nationalities. Where as a state is defined as a body of persons constituting a special class in a society or the operations or concerns of the government of a country. Based on the example provided, and the context in which the term "nation-state" is used, write a clear definition of the term. A clear definition of the term nation state would be a form of political organization under which a relatively homogenous people inhabits a sovereign state. Can the term "nation-state" be applied to Canada? Why or why not? The term 'nation-state' can be applied to Canada due to the fact that we are a country in which form of political organization under which a relatively homogenous people inhabits a sovereign state. We are a multicultural nation that consists of many different nationalities. Such as, Chinese, Japanese, Tamil, Indian, Italian, Jewish, Russian, Spanish, Filipino, Dutch, Irish, English, French, Ukrainian, Middle Eastern and so much more. ...read more.

Middle

In his Scottish campaign on 1879, Gladstone travelled by train to Liverpool to Edinburgh, stopping at towns on the way, and delivering speeches the condemned the immorality and costs of Disreali's imperial policy. After a second Scottish campaign in 1880, the electorate tossed out the Conservatives, and gave Gladstone and his Liberals a majority. Gladstone, who had supported the cause of national liberation in Europe, wrestled with Britain's imperial conflicts in Africa against the Boers, and nationalism in Ireland. When he introduced his Irish Home Rule Bill in 1886, he split the Liberal Party. As a result, the Conservatives- the party of patriotism and empire- and their leader Lord Salisbury, became the dominant party in British politics for the next two decades. The politician that I would have supported is William Gladstone. The reason for this is that he supported education for everyone. He believe in Peace, Retrenchment and Reform." By "peace" they meant free trade and opposition to costly foreign and colonial adventures. By "retrenchment" the Liberals meant a laissez faire policy in which the role of government was strictly limited, and the costs and taxes were reduced as far as possible. By "reform" they had in mind doing away with outmoded laws that benefited the privileged. Accordingly, the Liberals reformed the army and the civil service to eliminate patronage, enabled students who were not Anglicans to graduate from Oxford and Cambridge Universities, and in 1870, introduced national primary education. ...read more.

Conclusion

If a worker was sick or hurt, he could not go to work and could not make a living for their family, thus they would starve until he could go back to work. The Industrial Revolution also saw the appearance of child labour, in which children would work in factories, plantations and coal mines for up to twelve hours a day, and get paid about 2 dollars. It also saw women working to help support their families, if their husbands died or left them. The Industrial Revolution brought about many changes, which were not good for society but were what helped shape the world today. The nineteenth century was century full of ultimate changes that had an impact on the world for the rest of its entirety. It brought about women rights, nationalism, democracy and the Industrial Revolution, which was not very good for most people. It was a time when cities were formed, high mortality rates were actually seen for consecutive years and the poor of the world flourished. However it was a time that made our world was it is today. The nineteenth century did in fact pave the way from aristocracies to democracies, from elite culture to mass culture, and from cottage industries to industrial factories. The impact of nationalism, in the last 150 years, has extended well beyond Western society. Create a Venn diagram or comparative chart that shows the similarities and differences between the nationalist movement of a European country in the 1800's with that of a non-European country in the 1900's. SIMILARTIES SIMILARITIES DIFFERENCES DIFFERENCES 1800'S 1900'S 1800'S 1900'S ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. "The Colonisation of Africa was Inevitable in the Late Nineteenth Century" Discuss.

    investments (the fact that German industrialists later invested into African colonies, even though they were burdened with financing them, showed how great was their determination). Therefore, in order to evade social unrest at home (Great Britain) or to seek the only possible and still lucrative investment opportunities (Germany), new markets

  2. British History Coursework: The Irish Famine 1845-1849

    demolish a dwelling whilst the tenants were inside, and prohibited evictions on Christmas Day and Good Friday, but the same law reduced the notice given to people before they were evicted to 48 hours. It seems that the British Government's contempt for the plight of the Irish could go no

  1. 'Personal and party advantages were the motivating forces for the passing of the 1867 ...

    The most serious episode took place in July 1866. The National Reform League proposed holding a large meeting in Hyde Park, and although the new Home Secretary, Spencer Walpole, prohibited this, the League went ahead with its arrangements. When the processions reached the park the gates were locked, and after

  2. 1. Why was 'a welfare state' introduced after the War (note here that the term ...

    While the labour party supported and fought for social policies it was not a policy aim born with them. Like in any democratic state, Labour was positively manipulated by the population into accepting the peoples' wishes of a better Britain after the war.

  1. How significant was The First World War in the Labour Party's rise to second-party ...

    close affiliation with the rapidly expanding Trade Unions during the war gave them primary consideration for newly enfranchised working class voters after 1918. Labours success in catching the working class vote after the war coincided with the Liberals inability to appeal to a new and diverse electorate.

  2. The Advent of Imperialism

    Kingdom, introduced Christianity some fifteen hundred years ago; Buddhist foreign missionaries were well received, and their teaching found wide acceptance. Indeed few nations have displayed so much power of assimilating foreign religious notions as the Chinese. Roman Catholic missionaries entered China during the Mongol dynasty, and later in the Ming dynasty.

  1. Japanese Imperialism.

    The development of Japanese militarism gave an important stimulus to the economy and to a program of industrialization. It was during Japan's period of seclusion that the majority of Western nations were undergoing the phenomenal Industrial Revolution. Thus, when Japan entered the Meiji Restoration it was forced to rapidly industrialise to cater particularly for its military market.

  2. Why Was the Aristocracy Widely Perceived to be in Crisis in 1880-1950?

    Also many of the aristocracy benefited from their land in other ways other to farming, many gained revenue from mines, and property development, perhaps one of the most famous of all was, the Duke of Westminster. Though these alternatives could not make the ownership of land worthwhile.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work