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What problems did the Italian Government face at the end of World War 1?

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Harpal Chima 12A History What problems did the Italian Government face at the end of World War 1? The Italian government was in chaos after World War1; the end of the war brought no respite for Liberal Italy. At the end of the first World War the Italian government had a lot of problems that were outstanding and needed to be solved quickly in order to keep Italy from losing an never ending battle. These problems were all very serious in the way they effected the Italian government. During the war Italy fought along the Southern fronts of the cold Alps against the Austrians and Germans. For most of the time the battles were stalemates, and there were only 11 offences in 2 and a half years with the maximum advance being 12 miles. There were several major battles during the War, one being at Caporetto in 1917. In the battle of Caporetto the Italians suffered major losses against the Austrians, and this battle was a big lose to the Italians. The loss led to morale decreasing but this was boosted by new reform laws, which the government had passed through. At the end of the war in 1918 the Italians triumphed over the exhausted Austrians in Vittorio Veneto, this battle was by far a much smaller scale than Caporetto but the Italians remembered it as a major success and this led to increase in expectations. ...read more.


The economical problems link very close to the political problems that the Italian government faced at the end of the First World War. The Italian government was a very weak government and faced a lot of difficulties during and after the war. The Italian government was not a very well represented government, it was not proportional represented and this lead to a lot of chaos between different people in different parts of the Italian society. The two main parties (Socialists and Catholic Centralized party) had a lot of rivalry and this was a very disturbing factor for the government as this led to a lot of disagreement between the parties. This caused minority governments to make the decisions that the parties should have. Throughout the decade the people disliked the government and supported its rivals but during the end of the war there was an increase of support from the people of Italy, due to the weakness of the Austrians, which lead to the Italian army to increase victories. But just as there are supporters there were also a lot of enemies that opposed the government and tried to overthrow. Examples being the Futurists who rejected the Liberal view and their main aim was a pure Bourgeoisie existence. Another opponent were the nationalists who disliked the Liberals because they did not take action but soon as they saw action they started to support the government. ...read more.


The major social dilemma was the division of people in Italy; it was like the soldiers against the workers. The socialists were frightened to create a breading ground for fascism when people started to become more into politics, and people became very polarized. This means that the people went to one end of the government, right for the socialists, who the soldiers polarized around and the left for conservatives, which the workers polarized around. This left the liberals in the middle and the liberals could not satisfy everyone. This polarization led to the society being split amongst many divisions and caused disorder for the government of Italy. At the end of the First World War the Italian government faced a lot of problems and if they wanted to keep order in Italy they knew they needed to solve the problems. I think that the biggest problem that caused confusion in the government was the economical problems. I think that the government caused the economical problems on itself and it was the biggest problem that the government faced at the end of the war. I think this because of the large debts, which caused an increase in taxes, this caused the peasants to revolt and once they revolted about this they started to revolt about other things such as minimum wages. I think that the debt issue led to an increase in political opposition, the economical factors left the country in turmoil and I think that the economical factors led to all the other problems. ...read more.

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