• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What tactics do US pressure groups use, and why are some more successful than others?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

WHAT TACTICS DO US PRESSURE GROUPS USE, AND WHY ARE SOME MORE SUCCESSFUL THAN OTHER? Interest groups are organisations or groups of like-minded individuals that work together to achieve their goals by attempting to influence government policy over a particular issue. These groups can also be referred to as pressure groups. Over the years, interest groups have played a significant role in the legislative process of the US political system. Their role has increased since the New Deal years due to growth of governmental activity. There are different access points in the US political system for interest group activity. The relatively weak party system in the USA also helps interest groups to achieve influence. There are several factors that affect the success of an interest group such as the party in power and their timings. The tactics a pressure group uses to achieve influence are also crucial. These tactics are in some ways linked to access points that are available to an interest group. If access points are not available to a pressure group then it might resort to mass action such as demonstrations and protests. ...read more.

Middle

Thirdly, in recent years interest groups tend to employ high profile public figures that can be used as a spokesperson. For e.g. the National Rifle Association had amongst its members, high profile people such as the former president George Bush and the actor Charlton Heston. Therefore, NRA was continually in the news. Also, its membership of 4.3 million gun owners and its annual budget of $200 million meant that it was more successful than other groups e.g. Hand Gun Control Inc. Similarly, the National Federation of Independent Businesses changed from a low profile organisation to a powerful political force as it established close relations with the Republican Party. Another tactic used by many groups, particularly the wealthy ones is employing professional lobbyists. It has been suggested that the number of lobbying firms and lobbyists in Washington increased in the 1980s and 1990s particularly in 1997 when the new Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 came into effect. These lobbyists are employed to carry out several important activates including alerting clients about issues, developing policies, maintaining relations with the government, mobilising grass roots support and working for amicus briefs. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hiring professional lobbyists in quite expensive and costs from approximately $5000 to $30,000 per month. Also, in order to advertise in newspapers and televisions to get their message across funds are needed. For e.g. printing an advertisement in a newspaper costs over $13,000. Thirdly, the political skills are very important in order to promote good links with decision makers. An interest group needs to build contacts within the governmental system so that it can effectively implement policies and have a say within the political process to propose or to oppose a public policy initiative. Hence, it can be said that the tactics used by a pressure group affect its success within the US political system in several different ways. Lobbying is one of the most important tactics that has worked efficiently since the past several years especially after the Lobbying Disclosure Act of 1995 came into effect. In order for an interest group to be successful it must have a considerable amount of resources. The relatively wealthy interest groups are usually successful by employing professional lobbyists as they have a lot of finance and resources needed. Javeria Masud 13 O 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. How significant is the influence which pressure groups have on government? Is there any ...

    Institutional culture is a key factor. The structure of government can limit or open up access points that interests groups can use to campaign. For example, in the UK, the limited access points to the decision makers mean that a group must have insider status to make its point heard.

  2. Free essay

    Outline the principal sources of authority available to US presidents. How similar is executive ...

    For example, President Nixon demonstrated that even though he had been mandated, misuse of his position and resources caused his downfall. Public trust is a huge resource of presidential authority and something that cannot afford to be jeopardised.

  1. How successful was Peel's Ministry 1841-1846?

    Peel also took more decisive action in 1843 by passing a Coercion Act which banned O'Connell's huge meeting at Clontarf, and arresting him for conspiracy. This approach was successful in keeping Ireland in the Union, one of the many problems Peel's ministry faced, although it did come at some cost

  2. PRESSURE GROUPS

    specifically designed to limit the power of the trade unions and the influence of trade unions on policy-making has declined as a result. Since the Labour party has returned to power in 1997, Tony Blair has maintained traditional links with the trade union movements, he has however, not allowed the

  1. 'Nationalist Groups in the Sub-Continent played the most significant role in Britain's decision to ...

    Nationalist groups, both Muslims and Hindus created problems for the British, and it looked as though that independence was inevitable. However the question still remained, would it be carried out sooner rather than later. The differences between the Hindus and Muslims were a major reason for the partition of India.

  2. Is the Media an independent political actor?

    Camp "its heart has not really seemed in it."8 Nonetheless this is a prime example of how the concentration of press ownership has led to partisan publishing in the papers. The Tories and Labour are guilty as charged for attempting to and apparently succeeding in using the media to aid

  1. How and why did Federation occur?

    Aboriginals lost their right to work for pay and did not gain the right to vote. Torres Strait Islanders were able to virtually run their own affairs due to John Douglas, the Queensland Government controller. He protected them from the Queensland Aborigines Protection Act.

  2. Pressure Groups.

    Consumer boycotts are an effective tool to try to be heard. Firms lose out and quickly try to tackle the problem. From the source material we read about how the Anti-apartheid groups boycotted Barclays. When this happens the company's reputation is at stake, they try as hard as they can to reform themselves.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work