• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What was the condition of the working class in 1895?

Extracts from this document...


Jenny Mason What was the condition of the working class in 1895? The conservatives came into power in 1895 and stayed in power for ten years, these were known as the "Ten Glorious Years." Lord Salisbury was the Prime Minister; he was a member of the aristocracy and the House of Lords. Lord Salisbury was an upstanding traditionalist and believed in keeping the status quo intact, which meant that power should remain in the hands of just a few. During this period of conservative rule the government played a limited role in ordinary peoples lives. In Britain around 1800 the industrial revolution started to begin, prior to this Britain had been an agricultural society and its whole economy had been agriculturally based. From 1847 until 1873 Britain's industry was in a period of "remarkable prosperity," Britain's agriculture also moved into a similar "Golden Age" known as the period of "High Farming". However from 1873 until 1896 British industry went through a difficult period, which is usually referred to as the "Great Depression." ...read more.


This was important because it meant that the working class people could have more say in how the government was run, it also showed how the laissez faire attitude of previous times was beginning to decline slightly. The government would now have to pass laws that the working class also agreed with, not just laws that only benefited the upper classes. However even though this was a great step forward the working class still had to fight for acts to be passed that would benefit them, and even when acts were passed they were not made compulsory because the government did not believe they had the right to do so. However in 1895 this attitude began to change as the government realised it had to play some sort of role in peoples lives. Throughout the nineteenth century the British government extended its authority into areas, which had previously not been considered its responsibility. This often met strong resistance from those who believed in laissez faire, there was a debate over how far the government should intervene on economic matters that complicated the response of the authorities over social issues such as poverty, sanitation, factory reform and education. ...read more.


Britain was also a democratic country with two political parties, the conservatives and the liberals. Despite all this there was a lot of faults in Britain in 1895 especially concerning the well being of the working class. Britain's towns were becoming grossly over crowded due to people moving from the country into the towns and cities to find work in the factories, which dominated the towns and cities. As there were no council houses people had to live in houses owned by landlords. There was also limited sanitation which meant that Britain was still experiencing outbreaks of terrible diseases such as Cholera and Typhoid. There was very limited state intervention, which in turn was not helping the tremendous unemployment rates and the extreme poverty that people were suffering because they were finding it impossible to help themselves. The government did not help people when they needed help because they believed in self-help and also because laissez faire was still lingering this resulted in extreme poverty cause by homelessness and unemployment. This was not helped by the fact that the working class were not represented by any political party. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. Civil Service Reform.

    The Prime Minister wanted civil servants to implement dogma, not to expose its errors'. Campbell and Wilson suggest that the impact of this was that civil servants perceived that in order to succeed they had to change their understanding of their roles.

  2. Why did Britain have no '1848 revolution'?

    Thus we can see fundamental differences between Britain and Europe leading to different types of movements. In Britain the existing system had shown its self to be responsive to agitation for change. Charles Grey saw the best way to conserve the traditional political order was to promote a measure of reform giving concessions such as the Reform act of 1832.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    Besides, Napoleon wanted a society that depended upon the government and not upon the church. Each religious order in Malta had to have only one convent were all monks had to live. No novices or citizen could wear the religious clothing before taking the religious vows.

  2. Lord Salisbury and Palmerston.

    He was, however, determined not to allow agitators to exploit popular discontent for the purposes of separating Ireland from England. Salisbury combined the allaying of grievances through reform with the repression of seditious and treasonable organisations. Salisbury was not like many imperialists, who sometimes wanted to absorb every available piece of land as an end in itself.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work